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Polymer Electrolytes

Book Description

Polymer electrolytes are electrolytic materials that are widely used in batteries, fuel cells and other applications such as supercapacitors, photoelectrochemical and electrochromic devices. Polymer electrolytes: Fundamentals and applications provides an important review of this class of ionic conductors, their properties and applications.

Part one reviews the various types of polymer electrolyte compounds, with chapters on ceramic polymer electrolytes, natural polymer-based polymer electrolytes, composite polymer electrolytes, lithium-doped hybrid polymer electrolytes, hybrid inorganic-organic polymer electrolytes. There are also chapters on ways of characterising and modelling polymer electrolytes. Part two discusses applications such as solar cells, supercapacitors, electrochromic and electrochemical devices, fuel cells and batteries.

With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polymer electrolytes: Fundamentals and applications is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer electrolytes in such areas as battery and fuel cell technology for automotive and other applications.

  • Provides an important review of this class of ionic conductors, their properties and applications in practical devices
  • Explores categories of polymer electrolytes and conductivity measurements
  • Features a comprehensive analysis of current developments in polymer electrolytes and highlights a new type of polymer electrolyte

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Preface
  7. Part I: Types and development of polymer electrolytes
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction to polymer electrolyte materials
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Categories of polymer electrolytes
      4. 1.3 Structure and its implications
      5. 1.4 Conductivity measurements
      6. 1.5 Applications in practical devices
      7. 1.6 Conclusions
    2. Chapter 2: Ceramic polymer electrolytes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Experimental approaches
      4. 2.3 First composites – conductive fillers
      5. 2.4 Development of insulating fillers
      6. 2.5 Impact of the filler surface on the transport properties
      7. 2.6 Interfacial concerns
      8. 2.7 Other types of ceramic–polymer systems
      9. 2.8 Conclusions
      10. 2.9 Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 3: Polymer electrolytes based on natural polymers
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Grafted natural polymer-based solid polymer electrolytes
      4. 3.3 Plasticized natural polymer-based solid polymer electrolytes
      5. 3.4 Other natural polymer-based systems
      6. 3.5 Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of polymer electrolytes obtained from natural polymers
      7. 3.6 Conclusions and future trends
    4. Chapter 4: Composite polymer electrolytes for electrochemical devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Composite electrolytes for lithium batteries: introduction
      4. 4.3 Solid polymer electrolytes
      5. 4.4 Composite polymer electrolytes based on poly(ethylene oxide) and clays
      6. 4.5 Composite polymer electrolytes based on poly(ethylene oxide) and non-ionic fillers
      7. 4.6 Gel polymer electrolytes
      8. 4.7 Composite electrolytes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
      9. 4.8 Composite polymer electrolytes based on metal oxides
      10. 4.9 Hygroscopic solid inorganic proton conductor composite polymer electrolytes
      11. 4.10 Self-humidifying composite electrolytes
      12. 4.11 Future trends
      13. 4.12 Sources of further information and advice
    5. Chapter 5: Lithium-doped hybrid polymer electrolytes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Ionic conductivity
      4. 5.3 Thermal properties
      5. 5.4 Electrochemical stability
      6. 5.5 Spectroscopic studies
      7. 5.6 Electrochromic displays
      8. 5.7 Conclusion
    6. Chapter 6: Hybrid inorganic–organic polymer electrolytes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Fundamentals of polymer electrolytes
      4. 6.3 Overview of hybrid inorganic–organic polymer electrolytes
      5. 6.4 Methods
      6. 6.5 The real component of the conductivity spectra in the framework of the jump relaxation model and polymer segmental motion
      7. 6.6 Conclusions
      8. 6.7 Acknowledgements
    7. Chapter 7: Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in polymer electrolyte research
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Nuclei possibility
      4. 7.3 Liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance
      5. 7.4 Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance
      6. 7.5 Relaxation processes
      7. 7.6 Diffusion measurements
      8. 7.7 Magic angle spinning
      9. 7.8 Double resonance experiments
      10. 7.9 Two-dimensional methods
      11. 7.10 Exchange nuclear magnetic resonance
      12. 7.11 Electrophoretic nuclear magnetic resonance
      13. 7.12 Conclusions
    8. Chapter 8: Molecular dynamics simulations of Li ion and H-conduction in polymer electrolytes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Computational chemistry
      4. 8.3 The molecular dynamics methodology
      5. 8.4 Li+-conducting poly(ethylene oxide)-based electrolytes for batteries
      6. 8.5 Polymer electrolytes for fuel cells: perfluorosulphonic acid systems
      7. 8.6 Conclusions and future trends
    9. Chapter 9: Characterisation and modelling of multivalent polymer electrolytes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Polymer–complex formation
      4. 9.3 Ionic transport properties
      5. 9.4 Morphological and crystallographic structures: characteristics and influence on ionic transport properties
      6. 9.5 Ionic association: influence on ionic transport properties
      7. 9.6 Phase diagrams: crystallinity and conductivity
      8. 9.7 Conclusions
  8. Part II: Applications
    1. Chapter 10: Polymer electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Polymer electrolytes
      4. 10.3 Plasticized and gel polymer electrolytes
      5. 10.4 Additives in the polymer electrolytes
      6. 10.5 Stability of polymer electrolyte-based dye-sensitized solar cells
      7. 10.6 Up-scaling: towards commercialization of polymer electrolyte-based dye-sensitized solar cells
      8. 10.7 Conclusions and future trends
      9. 10.8 Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 11: Solid polymer electrolytes for supercapacitors
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Solid electrolytes
      4. 11.3 Conduction in solid electrolytes
      5. 11.4 Solid electrolytes in supercapacitors
      6. 11.5 Conducting polymer electrodes
      7. 11.6 Activated carbon electrodes
      8. 11.7 Cation exchange membrane-based supercapacitors
      9. 11.8 Current research activities
      10. 11.9 Applications
      11. 11.10 Conclusions
      12. 11.11 List of abbreviations
    3. Chapter 12: Polymer electrolytes for electrochromic devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Electrochromic effect and electrochromic devices
      4. 12.3 Electrolytes for electrochromic devices
      5. 12.4 Polymer matrix
      6. 12.5 Classification of polymer electrolytes
      7. 12.6 Proton-conducting polymer electrolytes and alkaline polymer electrolytes
      8. 12.7 New type of polymer electrolyte
    4. Chapter 13: Hyperbranched polymer electrolytes for high temperature fuel cells
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Hyperbranched polymer electrolytes with a sulfonic acid group at the periphery
      4. 13.3 Hyperbranched polymer electrolyte with a phosphonic acid group at the periphery
      5. 13.4 Conclusions
    5. Chapter 14: Polymer electrolytes as solid solvents and their applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Structure of lithium ion battery
      4. 14.3 Advantages of polymer electrolytes in lithium ion batteries
      5. 14.4 Main properties of polymer electrolytes
      6. 14.5 Solid polymer electrolytes applied in lithium ion batteries
      7. 14.6 Gel polymer electrolytes in lithium ion batteries
      8. 14.7 Composite polymer electrolytes in lithium ion batteries
      9. 14.8 Polymer electrolytes in other battery types
      10. 14.9 Conclusions
      11. 14.10 Acknowledgments
    6. Chapter 15: Hybrid polymer electrolytes for electrochemical devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Physicochemical properties of hybrid polyelectrolytes
      4. 15.3 General discussion
      5. 15.4 Applications
      6. 15.5 Conclusions
      7. 15.6 Acknowledgments
  9. Index