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Politics of European Integration: Political Union or a House Divided? by Andrew Glencross

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1

The Idea of Europe

Foundations and Justifications for Unity

Contents
1.0 Introduction: What and Where Is Europe?
1.1 The Historical Background to Thinking about European Unity
1.2 Early Ideas and Pioneers of Unity
1.2.1 William Penn
1.2.2 Abbot Saint Pierre
1.2.3 Immanuel Kant
1.2.4 Aristide Briand
1.3 The Peace or Civilizing Justification for Unity
1.4 The Prosperity Justification for Unity
1.5 The Strengthening State Capacity Justification for Unity
1.6 Concluding Summary
Learning Objectives
  • to identify different political definitions of Europe;
  • to analyze the reasons why thinkers called for European unity to replace the balance of power;
  • to evaluate why plans for European unity all failed prior to 1945;
  • to distinguish between different justifications put forward for European unity;
  • to analyze the reasoning behind three different justifications for European unity;
  • to evaluate why the idea of uniting to strengthen state capacity is controversial in the context of European social democracy.

Timeline of Key Events 1.1: The Historical Background to European Integration

circa 50–400 ceRoman Empire provides common political and legal order for much of Europe
circa 800Charlemagne, king of the Franks, unites Western Europe by conquest
1095Pope Urban II calls for Christian crusade to help Byzantium in war with Turks
circa 1460George of Podiebrad, king of Bohemia, calls for Christian kings to unite to drive Turkish forces out of Europe
1648Peace of Westphalia ...

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