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Political Influence of the Media in Developing Countries

Book Description

The media plays an intricate role in the political economy of developing nations as it conveys the social issues and impacts of a government’s legislation and policy. However, information is often miscommunicated or biased in emergent economies as media owners often tailor news and advertisements to promote their own agendas rather than meet the needs of citizens. Political Influence of the Media in Developing Countries analyzes the use and structure of media in political forums in developing nations. Featuring research on the effects of the media on news consumption and the professional and ethical difficulties journalists and editors face in the dissemination of political messages, this publication is an essential reference source for policy makers, academicians, politicians, students, and researchers interested in the adoption of various media formats used to promote the political environment and civic engagement within developing countries.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
    1. Media and Politics in Africa: Trends, Tensions and Possibilities
  7. Preface
    1. RATIONALE
    2. QUEST FOR ANSWERS
    3. MEDIA AND POLITICS IN DEVELOPING NATIONS
    4. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: Media, Democracy and Political Transitions
    1. Chapter 1: Media, Democracy, and Political Change in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPETING INTERESTS IN THE MEDIA LANDSCAPE
      4. MEDIA, ETHNICITY, AND POLITICAL TRANSITIONS
      5. MEDIA, CIVIC PARTICIPATION, AND POLITICAL DISCOURSES
      6. NEW MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES AND POLITICS
      7. GENDER, MEDIA, AND POLITICS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Kenya's Difficult Political Transitions Ethnicity and the Role of Media
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE AND AN EMERGENT AFRICAN PRESS
      4. THE 1982 ATTEMPTED COUP D’ÉTAT AND THE AFTERMATH
      5. THE KENYAN MEDIA SCENE AFTER 1992
      6. CHARACTERIZING KENYA’S MEDIA SYSTEM
      7. ETHNICITY AND THE MEDIA
      8. ETHNICITY, KENYA’S MEDIA AND BELONGING
      9. KENYA’S MEDIA AS A MODERN PUBLIC SPHERE
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 3: Media as Political Actors in Times of Political Crisis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. THEORETICAL PREMISE
      5. 4. METHODOLOGY
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: The Press and the Emergent Political Class in Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVE
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      6. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
      7. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      8. EMERGING POLITICAL CLASS
      9. LITERATURE REVIEW
      10. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      11. THE ROLE OF PRESS IN EMERGENT POLITICAL CLASS IN NIGERIA, AN ANALYSIS
      12. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      13. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 5: Free Speech, Press Freedom, and Democracy in Ghana
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MEDIA IN GHANA
      4. RECONSTITUTING THE POLITICAL ORDER IN GHANA
      5. DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRONIC MEDIA IN GHANA
      6. MEDIA, PRESS FREEDOM, AND DEMOCRACY IN GHANA
      7. MEDIA REGULATION IN GHANA
      8. DIRECTION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      9. CONCLUSION: THE CONFLUENCE OF REALITY AND THEORY
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ACRONYMS/ABBREVIATIONS
  10. Section 2: Media, Participation and Political Debates in Developing Countries
    1. Chapter 6: The Political Significance and Influence of Talk Radio Debates in Kenya
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DOES JAMBO KENYA’S CONTENT MEDIATE ISSUES OF CORRUOTION AND POWER?
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 7: Communicating Democracy through Participatory Radio in Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      4. PARTICIPATORY RADIO AND DEMOCRATISATION OF COMMUNICATION
      5. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF PARTICIPATORY RADIO IN NIGERIA
      6. EMERGENCE OF PARTICIPATORY RADIO STATIONS: THE CONTENDING ISSUES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ACRONYMS
    3. Chapter 8: Mousa-Aboulfotouh the First Arab Presidential Debate in History
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RATIONALE OF THE STUDY
      4. THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN EGYPT
      5. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
      6. MEDIA AND THE POLITICAL DISCOURSE
      7. DEBATES: A FORM OF POLITICAL CAMPAIGN DISCOURSE
      8. THE FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF POLITICAL CAMPAIGN DISCOURSE
      9. METHODOLOGY
      10. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
      11. ACCLAIMS
      12. ATTACKS
      13. DEFENCES
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. FURTHER RESEARCH
      16. REFERENCES
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 9: Interviewing for Television
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORY IN THE SUB-GENRES OF THE PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE, LIVE-BROADCAST, AND OPINION POLLS REPORTING
      4. DATA PRESENTATION
      5. THE 2013 NATIONAL ELECTIONS IN KENYA CHALLENGES OF REPORTING FROM OUTSIDE NAIROBI
      6. DATA ANALYSIS
      7. THE SKETCH OF TELEVISION INTERVIEWING IN KENYA: A FORGERY OF PRACTICE AND THEORY
      8. REFERENCES
  11. Section 3: New Media Technologies and Politics
    1. Chapter 10: Beyond Web 2.0. Social Media and Urban Educated Youths Participation in Kenyan Politics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. YOUTH AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN KENYA
      5. EMERGING TRENDS IN SOCIAL MEDIA USE
      6. SOCIAL MEDIA AND CIVIC ENGAGEMENT IN KENYA
      7. RATIONALE
      8. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
      9. METHODOLOGY
      10. FINDINGS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      13. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 11: Local Governance and Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Rural Kenya
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DISCUSSIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 12: Hate Speech and Competitive Politics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
  12. Section 4: Gender, Media, and Politics
    1. Chapter 13: Media Ethics and Elections Coverage in Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 14: Gendered Media and Political Communication in Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE GENDERED AFRICAN MEDIA LANDSCAPE
      4. GENDER AND ACCESS TO POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA
      5. THE KENYAN MEDIA SCENE AND POLITICAL COMMUNICATION
      6. COMMUNICATION PROCESS AND POLITICAL DISCOURSE
      7. PORTRAYAL OF POLITICAL CANDIDATES IN THE MASS MEDIA
      8. THE AGENDA SETTING ROLE OF THE MEDIA
      9. THE IMPACT OF THE MEDIA ON ELECTION RESULTS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. RECOMMENDATION
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. APPENDIX: ACRONYMS
    3. Chapter 15: Gender Responsive Election Coverage in Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ESSENCE OF GENDER RESPONSIVE ELECTION COVERAGE
      4. MEDIA, GENDER EQUALITY, AND WOMEN’S POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
      5. INVISIBILITY OF WOMEN IN MEDIA COVERAGE OF POLITICS
      6. FRAMEWORK
      7. MEDIA COVERAGE OF 2011 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA: A GENDER SCORE CARD
      8. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 16: The Role of Mass Media in Women's Participation in 2013 Kenya General Election
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. CONTEXT OF 2013 KENYA GENERAL ELECTION
      6. ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESS
      7. MEDIA COVERAGE OF 2013 KENYA GENERAL ELECTION
      8. MODERATING VARIABLES ON THE ROLE OF MEDIA IN ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION
      9. FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE FUNCTIONAL ROLE OF MEDIA IN ELECTIONS
      10. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. ACRONYMS
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors