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Political Discourse in Emergent, Fragile, and Failed Democracies

Book Description

Any system of government is comprised of several dimensions of functionality, which must all work in congruence. When any part of the system is dysfunctional, the government’s stability becomes fractured and societal problems can arise. Political Discourse in Emergent, Fragile, and Failed Democracies examines the effects of unstable democratic systems of government in modern society, providing an imperative analysis on political communications from such nations. Highlighting real-world examples on the constraints seen in malfunctioning or emerging governments, this book is a pivotal reference source for policy makers, researchers, academicians, and upper-level students interested in politics and governance.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
    1. REFERENCES
  7. Preface
    1. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    2. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Chapter 1: The Verbal Fuel for Ethnic Hatred and Political Violence in Kenya
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CAUSES OF VIOLENT CONFLICT IN AFRICA
    5. TRIBALISM AS A BASIS FOR INFLAMMATORY LANGUAGE AND VIOLENT ETHNIC CONFLICT IN KENYA
    6. SEEKING SOLUTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ENDNOTES
  10. Chapter 2: Sarcasm and Irony as a Political Weapon
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SOCIOPOLITICAL BACKGROUND
    4. THE SCOPE OF THIS PROJECT
    5. SARCASM AND IRONY IN POLITICIZED COMMUNICATION
    6. SARCASM AND IRONY IN DISCUSSIONS OF THE UKRAINIAN CONFLICT ON SOCIAL MEDIA
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  11. Chapter 3: Of Drag and Push Democracies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. POPULAR MUSIC AND STATE PERFORMANCE IN AFRICA
    4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    5. ZIMBABWE AS A PREDATORY STATE: VIOLENCE, LOOTING, AUTHORITARIANISM AND LAWLESSNESS
    6. FREE, OPEN AND FULL PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS AND POLITICAL PROCESSES
    7. WHEN ZIMBABWEAN DEMOCRACY FAILS TO DELIVER
    8. COLLAPSED HEALTH, EDUCATIONAL AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURAL SYSTEMS
    9. A PARTIALLY RESURRECTED STATE
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ENDNOTES
    13. APPENDIX: DISCOGRAPHY
  12. Chapter 4: Real-Name Registration Regulation in China
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Chapter 5: Tearing up Nationalist Discourses?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. ZANU PF AND ZIMBABWE’S POLITICAL HISTORICAL METANARRATIVES
    3. FACTIONALISM IN ZANU PF: A BRIEF HISTORICAL NOTE
    4. ZIMBABWE’S NATIONAL HISTORICAL METANARRATIVE AND THE MUJURU ‘LEGACY’
    5. THE RISE AND FALL OF JOICE MUJURU: ZANU PF FACTIONAL WARS/SUCCESSION DISPUTES
    6. THE STATE OF THE MEDIA IN ZIMBABWE
    7. THE APPRAISAL THEORETIC APPROACH AND THE ‘OBJECTIVITY’ IDEAL
    8. REPRESENTATIONS OF JOICE MUJURU AND ZANU PF FACTIONAL WARS IN ‘HARD’ NEWS REPORTS IN ZIMBABWEAN MEDIA COMPARATIVELY: AN APPRAISAL LINGUISTIC DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
    9. REPRESENTATIONS OF MUJURU EXPULSION FROM ZANU PF IN ZIMBABWEAN NEWSPAPERS
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 6: Politics and Promises
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF NIGERIA’S POLITICAL DEMOCRACY
    4. RELEVANT LITERATURE AND THEORETICAL APPROACH
    5. RESEARCH DATA AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
    6. DISCUSSION
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 7: Argumentation and Appraisal in Divergent Zimbabwean Parliamentary Debates
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
    3. AIMS AND METHODS
    4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    5. DIVERGENT POLITICAL DEBATES IN EMERGING DEMOCRACIES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  16. Chapter 8: Media Coverage of the 2009 Afghan Presidential Election
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. AFGHAN MEDIA AND THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
    5. DISCUSSION
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  17. Chapter 9: A Critical Political Discourse Analysis of President Goodluck Jonathan's Declaration of State of Emergency on Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States of Nigeria
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. UNDERSTANDING CRITICAL POLITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
    4. METHODOLOGY
    5. ANALYSIS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. APPENDIX
  18. Chapter 10: ISIS Rhetoric for the Creation of the Ummah
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
    4. ANALYSIS OF AL-BAGHDADI’S SERMON
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  19. Chapter 11: Metaphors for Nation and War in Chinua Achebe's Memoir
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THEORETICAL POSTULATIONS
    5. CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR THEORY
    6. PRIMARY METAPHOR THEORY
    7. CONCEPTUAL BLENDING THEORY
    8. PREVIOUS STUDIES ON THE NATION IS A FAMILY METAPHOR
    9. OF DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILY AND SCAPEGOAT
    10. PREVIOUS STUDIES ON WAR METAPHORS
    11. METHOD
    12. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
    13. METAPHORS FOR THE (NIGERIAN) NATION IN ACHEBE’S MEMOIR
    14. A FURTHER ELABORATION OF THE DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILY AND SCAPEGOAT METAPHORS
    15. METAPHORS FOR WAR IN ACHEBE’S MEMOIR
    16. CONCLUSION
    17. REFERENCES
    18. ADDITIONAL READING
    19. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    20. ENDNOTES
  20. Chapter 12: Multilayered Political Systems and the Politics of Monitoring Local Government Programmes for Engendered Service Delivery
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
    5. PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
    6. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  21. Chapter 13: Impediments to Nigerian Democracy
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCEPTUAL REVIEW
    4. THE BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY BEFORE AND AFTER 2011
    5. THE EMERGENCE OF CJTF AND LOCAL VIGILANTE
    6. THE INNOVATIONS AND THE SUCCESSES
    7. CONCLUSION: CAN CJTF/LVGS INNOVATIONS BE SUSTAINED?
    8. REFERENCES
  22. Chapter 14: Ethnic Stereotyping on Kenyan Blog Sites in the 2013 Political Elections
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL PREMISE
    4. MARRIAGE AND ETHNICITY
    5. CULTURE AND ETHNICITY
    6. COMMUNAL AGGRANDIZEMENT
    7. ETHNIC DIVIDE AND ARBITRATION
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  23. Chapter 15: Symbols and Not Manifestoes Are the Selling Point Here
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE POLITICS OF MERGERS OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN NIGERIA
    4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    5. METHODOLOGY
    6. DATA ANALYSIS
    7. VALUES ASSIGNMENT TO THE ELEMENTS IN THE COMPOSITION OF THE APC AND PDP IMAGES
    8. APPROPRIATION OF COLOURS FOR EFFECTS BY THE APC AND PDP IN THEIR IMAGES
    9. THE LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE OF THE APC AND PDP SLOGANS
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
  24. Chapter 16: Legislating for a De Jure One-Party State in 1982 and “Party Hopping” in 2012
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: PRAGMA-DIALECTIC APPROACH TO ARGUMENTATION
    4. ANALYSIS
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTES
  25. Chapter 17: Shades of the GNU in Zimbabwe (2009 – 13)
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. TRANSITIONAL POLITICS IN ZIMBABWE: AN OVERVIEW
    3. ZIMBABWE’S GNU: CONTEXT, MANDATE AND PROSPECTS
    4. BRIEF OVERVIEW OF ZIMBABWEAN MEDIA: JUSTIFICATION FOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
    5. THE APPRAISAL THEORETIC FRAMEWORK AND JOURNALISTIC OBJECTIVITY
    6. THE GPA, GNU AND THE ‘SANCTIONS’ DEBATE
    7. THE GNU, THE CONSTITUTION MAKING PROCESS AND ‘FRESH’ ELECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  26. Chapter 18: On The Threshold of Democratic Fragility
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LITERATURE REVIEW
    4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    5. MACROSPEECH ACTS
    6. METHODOLOGY
    7. ANALYSIS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  27. Chapter 19: Revolutionary Politics and Theater of Semiotics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPT OF REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS
    4. REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS IN NIGERIA
    5. LITERATURE REVIEW
    6. CHALLENGES
    7. LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF SEMIOTICS
    8. SOLUTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
  28. Chapter 20: Are We All Equal?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. A BRIEF ON THE PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE INEQUALITIES
    4. THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTES
  29. Compilation of References
  30. About the Contributors