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Plasmonic Nanoelectronics and Sensing by Hong-Son Chu, Er-Ping Li

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Chapter 2 Plasmonic properties of metal nanostructures

Plasmons, being the electromagnetic eigenoscillations of intrinsic charges, play an important role in the electrodynamics of metals and determine the main optical properties of metal structures. Following the classification given in Section 1.3.1, there are two types of plasmons – longitudinal and transverse. Both types are inherent to any metal and appear equally in metal structures. Longitudinal plasmons define the optical response of metals to conservative fields, while transverse plasmons define the response to solenoidal fields. Therefore, transverse plasmons are more attractive for optical applications, since they provide resonant interaction with photons, in contrast to longitudinal ...

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