You are previewing Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual.
O'Reilly logo
Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual

Book Description

The popularity of digital cameras continues to grow exponentially. They are now more powerful, feature rich, and affordable--turning digital photography into a mainstream interest. And with Photoshop Elements, Adobe has created the most popular photo-editing program on the planet. Learning how to work Photoshop Elements and manage digital photos can be a challenge for anyone just getting started--from the hobbyist to the pro photographer. With the latest Photoshop Elements 4 update, Adobe delivers a powerful new program that provides photo editing and organizing functionality with improved performance. The updated version also includes new, more intuitive features that are streamlined and easier to use--when the photographer has the right learning tool in hand.

With Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual, author Barbara Brundage has written the perfect digital photography guide. In a clear, easy-to-read format, the author provides step-by-step instruction so readers can learn what they need to do to edit their photos successfully and manage their collection. This new edition also includes more than a dozen downloadable images so readers can practice using the editing tools. Readers will master useful editing techniques--from the most common to the advanced:

  • Automatically correct red eye and skin tones

  • Select and extract complex objects with the Magic Selection Brush and The Magic Extractor

  • Create photomontages

  • Restore old photographs

  • Post photos on the web

  • Manage and archive an entire collection

  • Design a custom slide show with panning and zooming capabilities

Once photographers learn how to edit their photos successfully, they'll also learn how to post them online or upload them to the Kodak EasyShare Gallery for use in creating personal mailing lists, post cards, calendars, and much more. Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual, is for any photographer interested in learning the right editing techniques for producing and sharing beautiful digital photography.

Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual covers the Windows version of the software only. When we published the book, there was no Mac version of the software (as there is now), and for various reasons, we've been unable to update this edition to include the Mac version. Nonetheless, if you're on a Mac, you can use this book. Just substitute Command for Ctrl, and Option for Alt whenever you see keystroke shortcuts, and about 98 percent of the Editor functions will work the same. The sections on the Organizer only apply to Windows because the Mac version has no Organizer.

Table of Contents

  1. Photoshop Elements 4: The Missing Manual
    1. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly
    2. A Note Regarding Supplemental Files
    3. Foreword
    4. The Missing Credits
      1. About the Author
      2. About the Creative Team
      3. Acknowledgements
      4. The Missing Manual Series
    5. Introduction
      1. Why Photoshop Elements?
      2. What You Can Do with Elements 4
      3. What's New in Elements 4
        1. If You Have a Mac
      4. Elements vs. Photoshop
      5. The Key to Learning Elements
      6. About This Book
        1. About the Outline
          1. Introduction to Elements
          2. Elemental elements
          3. Retouching
          4. Artistic elements
          5. Sharing your images
          6. Additional elements
        2. The Very Basics
        3. About → These → Arrows
        4. About MissingManuals.com
        5. Safari® Enabled
    6. I. Introductory Elements
      1. 1. Finding Your Way Around Elements
        1. 1.1. The Welcome Screen
        2. 1.2. Organizing Your Photos
          1. 1.2.1.
            1. 1.2.1.1. Photo Downloader
        3. 1.3. Editing Your Photos
          1. 1.3.1. Your Elements Tools
          2. 1.3.2. Bins and Palettes
            1. 1.3.2.1. Taming the Palette bin
          3. 1.3.3. Getting Help and the How To Palette
            1. 1.3.3.1. The How To palette
          4. 1.3.4. Escape Routes
            1. 1.3.4.1. Undo
            2. 1.3.4.2. Undo History palette
            3. 1.3.4.3. The one rule of Elements
        4. 1.4. Getting Started in a Hurry
      2. 2. Importing and Managing Your Photos
        1. 2.1. Importing from Cameras
          1. 2.1.1. The Photo Downloader
        2. 2.2. Opening Stored Images
          1. 2.2.1. Working with PDF Files
        3. 2.3. Scanning Photos
        4. 2.4. Capturing Video Frames
        5. 2.5. Creating a New File
          1. 2.5.1. Picking a Document Size
          2. 2.5.2. Choosing Resolution
          3. 2.5.3. Choosing Color Mode
          4. 2.5.4. Choosing Your File's Contents
        6. 2.6. The Organizer
          1. 2.6.1. The Photo Browser
          2. 2.6.2. Creating Categories and Tags
            1. 2.6.2.1. Working with tags and categories
          3. 2.6.3. Creating Collections
          4. 2.6.4. Searching for Photos
            1. 2.6.4.1. Browsing through photos
            2. 2.6.4.2. Using tags and categories to find photos
          5. 2.6.5. Searching by Metadata
      3. 3. Rotating, Resizing, and Saving
        1. 3.1. Straightening Scanned Photos
        2. 3.2. Rotating Your Images
          1. 3.2.1. Rotating and Flipping Options
        3. 3.3. Straightening the Contents of Your Image
          1. 3.3.1. Straighten Tool
          2. 3.3.2. Free Rotate
        4. 3.4. Cropping Pictures
          1. 3.4.1. Using the Crop Tool
          2. 3.4.2. Cropping Your Image to an Exact Size
          3. 3.4.3. Cropping with the Marquee Tool
        5. 3.5. Changing Your View of Your Image
          1. 3.5.1. Image Views
          2. 3.5.2. The Zoom Tool
          3. 3.5.3. The Hand Tool
        6. 3.6. Changing the Size of Your Image
          1. 3.6.1. Resizing Images for Email and the Web
          2. 3.6.2. Resizing for Printing
            1. 3.6.2.1. Resampling
          3. 3.6.3. Adding Canvas
        7. 3.7. Saving Your Work
          1. 3.7.1. The File Formats Elements Understands
            1. 3.7.1.1. The not-so-common file formats
            2. 3.7.1.2. About JPEGs
          2. 3.7.2. Changing the File Format
        8. 3.8. Backing up Your Files
          1. 3.8.1. Saving to CDs and DVDs
          2. 3.8.2. Organizer Backups
      4. 4. The Quick Fix
        1. 1.1. The Quick Fix Window
          1. 4.1.1. The Quick Fix Toolbox
          2. 4.1.2. The Quick Fix Control Panel
          3. 4.1.3. Different Views: After vs. Before and After
        2. 4.2. Editing Your Photos
          1. 4.2.1. Fixing Red Eye
          2. 4.2.2. Smart Fix
          3. 4.2.3. Adjusting Lighting and Contrast
            1. 4.2.3.1. Levels
            2. 4.2.3.2. Contrast
            3. 4.2.3.3. Shadows and Highlights
          4. 4.2.4. Color
            1. 4.2.4.1. Auto Color
            2. 4.2.4.2. Using the Color sliders
          5. 4.2.5. Sharpening
          6. 4.2.6. Quick Fix Suggested Workflow
        3. 4.3. Adjusting Skin Tones
    7. II. Elemental Elements
      1. 5. Making Selections
        1. 5.1. Making Quick Selections
        2. 5.2. Selecting Rectangular and Elliptical Areas
        3. 5.3. Selecting Irregularly Sized Areas
          1. 5.3.1. Controlling the Selection Tools
          2. 5.3.2. The Magic Wand
          3. 5.3.3. The Lasso Tool
            1. 5.3.3.1. The basic Lasso tool
            2. 5.3.3.2. The Magnetic Lasso
            3. 5.3.3.3. The Polygonal Lasso
        4. 5.4. Selecting with a Brush
          1. 5.4.1. The Magic Selection Brush
          2. 5.4.2. The Selection Brush
        5. 5.5. Changing and Moving Selections
          1. 5.5.1. Inverting a Selection
          2. 5.5.2. Making a Selection Larger or Smaller
          3. 5.5.3. Moving Selections
            1. 5.5.3.1. The Move tool
          4. 5.5.4. Saving Selections
            1. 5.5.4.1. Making changes to a saved selection
          5. 5.5.5. Removing an Object from an Image's Background
      2. 6. Layers: The Heart of Elements
        1. 6.1. Understanding Layers
          1. 6.1.1. The Layers Palette
          2. 6.1.2. The Background
        2. 6.2. Creating Layers
          1. 6.2.1. Adding a Layer
          2. 6.2.2. Deleting Layers
          3. 6.2.3. Duplicating a Layer
          4. 6.2.4. Copying and Cutting from Layers
        3. 6.3. Managing Layers
          1. 6.3.1. Making Layers Invisible
          2. 6.3.2. Adjusting Transparency
          3. 6.3.3. Locking Layers
          4. 6.3.4. Blend Mode
          5. 6.3.5. Rearranging Layers
          6. 6.3.6. Grouping and Linking Layers
            1. 6.3.6.1. Linking layers
            2. 6.3.6.2. Grouping layers
          7. 6.3.7. Merging and Flattening Layers
            1. 6.3.7.1. Merging layers
            2. 6.3.7.2. Flattening an image
        4. 6.4. Fill and Adjustment Layers
          1. 6.4.1. Adding Fill and Adjustment Layers
          2. 6.4.2. Layer Masks
        5. 6.5. Moving Layers Between Images
    8. III. Retouching
      1. 7. Basic Image Retouching
        1. 7.1. Fixing Exposure Problems
          1. 7.1.1. Deciding Which Exposure Fix to Use
          2. 7.1.2. Fixing Major Exposure Problems
          3. 7.1.3. The Shadows/Highlights Command
        2. 7.2. Controlling the Colors You See
          1. 7.2.1. Calibrating Your Monitor
            1. 7.2.1.1. Getting started with calibrating
          2. 7.2.2. Choosing a Color Space
        3. 7.3. Using Levels
          1. 7.3.1. Understanding the Histogram
          2. 7.3.2. Adjusting Levels: The Eyedropper Method
          3. 7.3.3. Adjusting Levels: The Slider Controls
        4. 7.4. Removing Unwanted Color
          1. 7.4.1. Using the Color Cast Tool
            1. 7.4.1.1. Using Color Variations
        5. 7.5. Choosing the Color You Want
          1. 7.5.1. The Color Picker
          2. 7.5.2. The Eyedropper Tool
          3. 7.5.3. The Color Swatches Palette
            1. 7.5.3.1. Saving colors in the Swatches palette
        6. 7.6. Sharpening Your Images
          1. 7.6.1. The Sharpen Filters
            1. 7.6.1.1. The Unsharp Mask
          2. 7.6.2. The High-Pass Filter
          3. 7.6.3. The Sharpen Tool
      2. 8. Elements for Digital Photographers
        1. 8.1. The RAW Converter
          1. 8.1.1. Using the RAW Converter
            1. 8.1.1.1. Adjusting the view
            2. 8.1.1.2. The RAW Converter's Settings menu
          2. 8.1.2. White Balance
          3. 8.1.3. Adjusting Exposure, Shadows, Brightness, and Contrast
          4. 8.1.4. Adjusting Sharpness and Reducing Noise
            1. 8.1.4.1. Choosing bit depth: 8 or 16 bits?
          5. 8.1.5. Converting to DNG
        2. 8.2. Photo Filter
        3. 8.3. Processing Multiple Files
          1. 8.3.1. Choose Your Files
          2. 8.3.2. File Renaming
          3. 8.3.3. Changing Image Size and File Type
          4. 8.3.4. Applying Quick Fix Commands
          5. 8.3.5. Attaching Labels
            1. 8.3.5.1. Watermarks
            2. 8.3.5.2. Adding captions
      3. 9. Retouching 102: Fine-Tuning Your Images
        1. 9.1. Fixing Blemishes
          1. 9.1.1. The Spot Healing Brush: Fixing Small Areas
          2. 9.1.2. The Healing Brush: Fixing Larger Areas
          3. 9.1.3. The Clone Stamp
        2. 9.2. Applying Patterns
          1. 9.2.1. The Healing Brush
          2. 9.2.2. The Pattern Stamp
        3. 9.3. Making Your Colors More Vibrant
          1. 9.3.1. Using the Hue/Saturation Dialog Box
          2. 9.3.2. Adjusting Saturation with the Sponge Tool
        4. 9.4. Changing the Color of an Object
          1. 9.4.1. Using an Adjustment Layer
          2. 9.4.2. Replacing Specific Colors
          3. 9.4.3. Using a Brush to Replace Colors
        5. 9.5. Making Color Photos Black and White
        6. 9.6. Creating Spot Color
          1. 9.6.1. Erasing Colors from a Duplicate Layer
          2. 9.6.2. Using Selections and the Remove Color Command
          3. 9.6.3. Using a Layer Mask and the Saturation Slider
            1. 9.6.3.1. Editing a layer mask
        7. 9.7. Colorizing a Black-and-White Photo
          1. 9.7.1. Tinting an Entire Photo
            1. 9.7.1.1. Using a Layer style
            2. 9.7.1.2. Using Colorize
        8. 9.8. Special Effects
      4. 10. Creating Panoramas and Transforming Images
        1. 10.1. Creating Panoramas
          1. 10.1.1. Selecting Files and Merging Them
          2. 10.1.2. Adjusting Your Photos
          3. 10.1.3. Fine-Tuning Your Panorama
          4. 10.1.4. Finishing Up: Creating Your Panorama
        2. 10.2. Transforming Images
          1. 10.2.1. Skew, Distort, Perspective
          2. 10.2.2. Free Transform
          3. 10.2.3. Barreling and Pinching
    9. Four. Artistic Elements
      1. 11. Drawing with Brushes, Shapes, and Other Tools
        1. 11.1. Picking and Using a Basic Brush
          1. 11.1.1. Modifying Your Brush
          2. 11.1.2. Saving Modified Brush Settings
        2. 11.2. The Specialty Brushes
          1. 11.2.1. Making a Custom Brush
        3. 11.3. The Impressionist Brush
        4. 11.4. The Pencil Tool
        5. 11.5. The Paint Bucket
        6. 11.6. Dodging and Burning
          1. 11.6.1. Dodging
          2. 11.6.2. Burning
        7. 11.7. Blending and Smudging
          1. 11.7.1. Blend Modes
          2. 11.7.2. The Smudge Tool
        8. 11.8. The Eraser Tool
          1. 11.8.1. Using the Eraser
          2. 11.8.2. The Magic Eraser
          3. 11.8.3. The Background Eraser
        9. 11.9. Drawing with Shapes
          1. 11.9.1. Rectangle and Rounded Rectangle
          2. 11.9.2. Ellipse
          3. 11.9.3. Polygon
          4. 11.9.4. Line Tool
          5. 11.9.5. The Custom Shape Tool
          6. 11.9.6. The Shape Selection Tool
        10. 11.10. The Cookie Cutter
      2. 12. Filters, Effects, Layer Styles, and Gradients
        1. 12.1. Using Filters
          1. 12.1.1. Applying Filters
            1. 12.1.1.1. Filter menu
            2. 12.1.1.2. Styles and Effects palette
            3. 12.1.1.3. Filter Gallery
          2. 12.1.2. Filter Categories
          3. 12.1.3. Useful Filter Solutions
            1. 12.1.3.1. Removing noise: getting rid of graininess
            2. 12.1.3.2. Adding noise: smoothing out repair jobs
            3. 12.1.3.3. Gaussian Blur: drawing attention to a foreground object
            4. 12.1.3.4. Radial Blur: producing a sense of motion
        2. 12.2. Adding Effects
          1. 12.2.1. Layer Styles
        3. 12.3. Applying Gradients
          1. 12.3.1. The Gradient Tool
            1. 12.3.1.1. Using the Gradient tool
          2. 12.3.2. Gradient Fill Layer
          3. 12.3.3. Editing a Gradient
            1. 12.3.3.1. Using the Gradient Editor
            2. 12.3.3.2. Transparency in gradients
            3. 12.3.3.3. Creating noise gradients
          4. 12.3.4. Saving Gradients
        4. 12.4. Gradient Maps
      3. 13. Type in Elements
        1. 13.1. Adding Type to an Image
          1. 13.1.1. Type Options
          2. 13.1.2. Creating Text
          3. 13.1.3. Editing Type
            1. 13.1.3.1. Smoothing type: antialiasing
        2. 13.2. Warping Type
          1. 13.2.1. The Warp Text Dialog Box
        3. 13.3. Adding Special Effects
          1. 13.3.1. Text Effects
          2. 13.3.2. Type Gradients
          3. 13.3.3. Applying the Liquify Filter to Type
        4. 13.4. Type Masks: Setting an Image in Type
          1. 13.4.1. Using the Type Mask Tools
          2. 13.4.2. Creating Outlined Type
    10. Five. Sharing Your Images
      1. 14. Printing Your Photos
        1. 14.1. Getting Ready to Print
        2. 14.2. Using a Photo Processing Service
          1. 14.2.1. Ordering Prints from Within Elements
        3. 14.3. Printing from the Editor
          1. 14.3.1. Page Setup
          2. 14.3.2. Print Preview
            1. 14.3.2.1. More printing options—color management
        4. 14.4. Printing from the Organizer
        5. 14.5. Printing Multiple Images
          1. 14.5.1. Contact Sheets
          2. 14.5.2. Picture Package
          3. 14.5.3. Labels
        6. 14.6. Creating Projects
          1. 14.6.1. What You Can Create
      2. 15. Elements and the Web
        1. 15.1. Image Formats and the Web
        2. 15.2. Saving Images for the Web or Email
          1. 15.2.1. Using Save For Web
            1. 15.2.1.1. Save for Web file format options
          2. 15.2.2. Previewing Images and Adjusting Color
        3. 15.3. Creating Animated GIFs
        4. 15.4. Emailing Your Photos
          1. 15.4.1. Emailing Images
            1. 15.4.1.1. HTML mail options
            2. 15.4.1.2. PDF slideshows
        5. 15.5. Sending Photos to Other Gear
      3. 16. HTML Photo Galleries and Slideshows
        1. 16.1. HTML Photo Galleries
          1. 16.1.1. Creating an HTML Photo Gallery
        2. 16.2. Slideshows
          1. 16.2.1. Simple PDF Slideshow
            1. 16.2.1.1. Making a PDF from a Custom Slide Show
          2. 16.2.2. Custom Slide Show
            1. 16.2.2.1. Slide Show Preferences
            2. 16.2.2.2. Creating your slideshow using the Slide Show Editor
            3. 16.2.2.3. Special effects
            4. 16.2.2.4. Saving and creating your slideshow
    11. Six. Additional Elements
      1. 17. Beyond the Basics
        1. 17.1. Graphics Tablets
        2. 17.2. Free Stuff from the Internet
        3. 17.3. When You Really Need Photoshop
        4. 17.4. Beyond This Book
    12. Seven. Appendixes
      1. A. The Organizer, Menu by Menu
        1. A.1. File Menu
          1. A.1.1. Get Photos
          2. A.1.2. New
          3. A.1.3. Create
          4. A.1.4. Open Recently Edited File in Editor
          5. A.1.5. Open Creation
          6. A.1.6. Catalog
          7. A.1.7. Burn
          8. A.1.8. Backup
          9. A.1.9. Restore
          10. A.1.10. Duplicate
          11. A.1.11. Reconnect
          12. A.1.12. Watch Folders
          13. A.1.13. Rename
          14. A.1.14. Write Tag Info to Files
          15. A.1.15. Move
          16. A.1.16. Export
          17. A.1.17. E-Mail
          18. A.1.18. Page Setup
          19. A.1.19. Print
          20. A.1.20. Order Prints
          21. A.1.21. Exit
        2. A.2. Edit
          1. A.2.1. Undo
          2. A.2.2. Redo
          3. A.2.3. Copy
          4. A.2.4. Select All
          5. A.2.5. Deselect
          6. A.2.6. Delete from Catalog
          7. A.2.7. Rotate 90° Left
          8. A.2.8. Rotate 90° Right
          9. A.2.9. Auto Smart Fix
          10. A.2.10. Auto Red Eye Fix
          11. A.2.11. Edit 3GPP Movie
          12. A.2.12. Go to Quick Fix
          13. A.2.13. Go to Standard Edit
          14. A.2.14. Adjust Date and Time
          15. A.2.15. Add Caption
          16. A.2.16. Update Thumbnail
          17. A.2.17. Set as Desktop Wallpaper
          18. A.2.18. Stack
          19. A.2.19. Version Set
          20. A.2.20. Color Settings
          21. A.2.21. Contact Book
          22. A.2.22. Preferences
        3. A.3. Find
          1. A.3.1. Set Date Range
          2. A.3.2. Clear Date Range
          3. A.3.3. By Caption or Note
          4. A.3.4. By Filename
          5. A.3.5. All Version Sets
          6. A.3.6. By History
          7. A.3.7. By Media Type
          8. A.3.8. By Details (Metadata)
          9. A.3.9. Items with Unknown Date and Time
          10. A.3.10. By Visual Similarity with Selected Photo(s)
          11. A.3.11. Untagged Items
          12. A.3.12. Items Not in Any Collection
          13. A.3.13. Find Faces for Tagging
        4. A.4. View
          1. A.4.1. View Photos in Full Screen
          2. A.4.2. Compare Photos Side by Side
          3. A.4.3. Refresh
          4. A.4.4. Go To
          5. A.4.5. Arrangement
          6. A.4.6. Media Types
          7. A.4.7. Details
          8. A.4.8. Timeline
          9. A.4.9. Collapse All Tags
          10. A.4.10. Expand All Tags
          11. A.4.11. Collapse All Collections
          12. A.4.12. Expand All Collections
          13. A.4.13. Expand All Stacks
        5. A.5. Window
          1. A.5.1. Photo Browser
          2. A.5.2. Date View
          3. A.5.3. Organize Bin
          4. A.5.4. Tags
          5. A.5.5. Collections
          6. A.5.6. Order Prints
          7. A.5.7. Properties
          8. A.5.8. Dock Properties in Organize Bin
          9. A.5.9. Upload Progress Window
          10. A.5.10. Welcome
        6. A.6. Help
          1. A.6.1. Photoshop Elements Help
          2. A.6.2. About Photoshop Elements
          3. A.6.3. Glossary of Terms
          4. A.6.4. Tutorials
          5. A.6.5. System Info
          6. A.6.6. Online Support
          7. A.6.7. Registration
          8. A.6.8. View EULA
          9. A.6.9. Updates
          10. A.6.10. Photoshop Elements Online
      2. B. The Editor, Menu by Menu
        1. B.1. File Menu
          1. B.1.1. New
          2. B.1.2. Create
          3. B.1.3. Open
          4. B.1.4. Open As
          5. B.1.5. Open Recently Edited File
          6. B.1.6. Duplicate
          7. B.1.7. Close
          8. B.1.8. Close All
          9. B.1.9. Save
          10. B.1.10. Save As
          11. B.1.11. Save for Web
          12. B.1.12. Attach to E-Mail
          13. B.1.13. File Info
          14. B.1.14. Place
          15. B.1.15. Organize Open Files
          16. B.1.16. Process Multiple Files
          17. B.1.17. Import
          18. B.1.18. Export
          19. B.1.19. Automation Tools
          20. B.1.20. Page Setup
          21. B.1.21. Print
          22. B.1.22. Print Multiple Photos
          23. B.1.23. Order Prints
          24. B.1.24. Exit
        2. B.2. Edit Menu
          1. B.2.1. Undo
          2. B.2.2. Redo
          3. B.2.3. Revert
          4. B.2.4. Cut
          5. B.2.5. Copy
          6. B.2.6. Copy Merged
          7. B.2.7. Paste
          8. B.2.8. Paste Into Selection
          9. B.2.9. Delete
          10. B.2.10. Fill, Fill Layer, Fill Selection
          11. B.2.11. Stroke (Outline) Selection
          12. B.2.12. Define Brush, Define Brush from Selection
          13. B.2.13. Define Pattern, Define Pattern from Selection
          14. B.2.14. Clear
          15. B.2.15. Color Settings
          16. B.2.16. File Association
          17. B.2.17. Preset Manager
          18. B.2.18. Preferences
        3. B.3. Image
          1. B.3.1. Rotate
          2. B.3.2. Transform
          3. B.3.3. Crop
          4. B.3.4. Divide Scanned Photos
          5. B.3.5. Resize
          6. B.3.6. Mode
          7. B.3.7. Convert Color Profile
          8. B.3.8. Magic Extractor
        4. B.4. Enhance
          1. B.4.1. Auto Smart Fix
          2. B.4.2. Auto Levels
          3. B.4.3. Auto Contrast
          4. B.4.4. Auto Color Correction
          5. B.4.5. Auto Red Eye Fix
          6. B.4.6. Adjust Smart Fix
          7. B.4.7. Adjust Lighting
          8. B.4.8. Adjust Color
        5. B.5. Layer
          1. B.5.1. New
          2. B.5.2. Duplicate Layer
          3. B.5.3. Delete Layer
          4. B.5.4. Rename Layer
          5. B.5.5. Layer Style
          6. B.5.6. New Fill Layer
          7. B.5.7. New Adjustment Layer
          8. B.5.8. Change Layer Content
          9. B.5.9. Layer Content Options
          10. B.5.10. Type
          11. B.5.11. Simplify Layer
          12. B.5.12. Group with Previous
          13. B.5.13. Ungroup
          14. B.5.14. Arrange
          15. B.5.15. Merge Layers
          16. B.5.16. Merge Visible
          17. B.5.17. Flatten Image
        6. B.6. Select
          1. B.6.1. All
          2. B.6.2. Deselect
          3. B.6.3. Reselect
          4. B.6.4. Inverse
          5. B.6.5. All Layers
          6. B.6.6. Deselect Layers
          7. B.6.7. Similar Layers
          8. B.6.8. Feather
          9. B.6.9. Modify
          10. B.6.10. Grow
          11. B.6.11. Similar
          12. B.6.12. Load Selection
          13. B.6.13. Save Selection
          14. B.6.14. Delete Selection
        7. B.7. Filter
          1. B.7.1. Last Filter
          2. B.7.2. Filter Gallery
          3. B.7.3. Adjustments
          4. B.7.4. Artistic
          5. B.7.5. Blur
          6. B.7.6. Brush Stroke
          7. B.7.7. Distort
          8. B.7.8. Noise
          9. B.7.9. Pixelate
          10. B.7.10. Render
          11. B.7.11. Sharpen
          12. B.7.12. Sketch
          13. B.7.13. Stylize
          14. B.7.14. Texture
          15. B.7.15. Video
          16. B.7.16. Other
          17. B.7.17. Digimarc
        8. B.8. View
          1. B.8.1. New Window for…
          2. B.8.2. Zoom In
          3. B.8.3. Zoom Out
          4. B.8.4. Fit on Screen
          5. B.8.5. Actual Pixels
          6. B.8.6. Print Size
          7. B.8.7. Selection
          8. B.8.8. Rulers
          9. B.8.9. Grid
          10. B.8.10. Annotations
          11. B.8.11. Snap to Grid
        9. B.9. Window
          1. B.9.1. Images
          2. B.9.2. Tools
          3. B.9.3. Color Swatches
          4. B.9.4. Histogram
          5. B.9.5. How To
          6. B.9.6. Info
          7. B.9.7. Layers
          8. B.9.8. Navigator
          9. B.9.9. Styles and Effects
          10. B.9.10. Undo History
          11. B.9.11. Palette Bin
          12. B.9.12. Reset Palette Locations
          13. B.9.13. Welcome
          14. B.9.14. Photo Bin
          15. B.9.15. Image Windows
        10. B.10. Help
          1. B.10.1. Photoshop Elements Help
          2. B.10.2. About Photoshop Elements
          3. B.10.3. About Plug-In
          4. B.10.4. Tutorials
          5. B.10.5. System Info
          6. B.10.6. Registration
          7. B.10.7. View EULA
          8. B.10.8. Updates
          9. B.10.9. Online Support
          10. B.10.10. Photoshop Elements Online
      3. C. Installation and Troubleshooting
        1. C.1. Installing Elements
          1. C.1.1. Installing Elements
          2. C.1.2. Registration
          3. C.1.3. Scratch Disks
        2. C.2. Troubleshooting
    13. Index
    14. About the Author
    15. Colophon
    16. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly