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Photoshop® CS5 Bible

Book Description

The PHOP Bible is the only book you need to succeed in any PHOP endeavor.  It shows readers how to retouch, color correct, manipulate, and combine images using PHOP. Readers will learn to create cutting-edge special effects for their digital or film-based images, and use them on the Web or in print. The easy and approachable writing style demystifies even the most complex PHOP tasks. You’ll master every aspect of PHOP– from image-editing basics to techniques for working with camera raw images. Other topics covered include the File Browser, histogram palette, Lens Blur, Match Color, the color replacement tool, customizable keyboard shortcuts, as well as covering all the new features and enhancements made in the latest version of PHOP.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. About the Authors
  3. Credits
  4. Acknowledgments
  5. Introduction
    1. Who this book is for
    2. How this book is organized
    3. Each part is subdivided into the following chapters.
      1. Part I: Getting Started with Adobe Photoshop CS5
      2. Part II: Working with Camera Raw Images
      3. Part III: Selections, Layers, and Channels
      4. Part IV: Enhancing, Correcting, and Retouching
      5. Part V: Painting, Paths, Shapes, and Text
      6. Part VI: Artistic Effects
      7. Part VII: Working with 3D Images
      8. Part VIII: Working with Video and Animation
      9. Part IX: Advanced Output Techniques
      10. Appendixes
    4. How to use this book
    5. Utilizing the book's Web site
  6. I. Getting Started with Adobe Photoshop CS5
    1. 1. Introducing Adobe Photoshop CS5
      1. 1.1. The Versatile World of Photoshop
        1. 1.1.1. When to use Photoshop
        2. 1.1.2. When not to use Photoshop
      2. 1.2. What's New in Photoshop CS5
      3. 1.3. Summary
    2. 2. Understanding the Photoshop Workspace
      1. 2.1. Workspace Overview
        1. 2.1.1. The document workspace
        2. 2.1.2. The application bar
        3. 2.1.3. Workspace presets
        4. 2.1.4. The Toolbox and tool options bar
      2. 2.2. Cruising the Main Menus
        1. 2.2.1. The File menu
        2. 2.2.2. The Edit menu
        3. 2.2.3. The Image menu
        4. 2.2.4. The Layer menu
        5. 2.2.5. The Select menu
        6. 2.2.6. The Filter menu
        7. 2.2.7. The Analysis menu
          1. 2.2.7.1. Ruler tool
          2. 2.2.7.2. Count tool
          3. 2.2.7.3. Record Measurements
          4. 2.2.7.4. Set Measurement Scale
          5. 2.2.7.5. Set Data Points
          6. 2.2.7.6. Place Scale Marker
        8. 2.2.8. The 3D menu
        9. 2.2.9. The View menu
          1. 2.2.9.1. Extras and Show
          2. 2.2.9.2. Ruler
          3. 2.2.9.3. Snap and Snap To
          4. 2.2.9.4. New Guide, Lock Guides, and Clear Guide
          5. 2.2.9.5. Lock Slice and Clear Slices
        10. 2.2.10. The Window menu
        11. 2.2.11. The Help menu
          1. 2.2.11.1. Photoshop Help
          2. 2.2.11.2. Deactivate
      3. 2.3. Understanding Panels
      4. 2.4. Understanding the Tools in the Toolbox
      5. 2.5. Using Presets
        1. 2.5.1. Selecting tool presets
        2. 2.5.2. Managing presets
        3. 2.5.3. Creating presets
      6. 2.6. Setting Preferences
        1. 2.6.1. General preferences
        2. 2.6.2. Interface preferences
        3. 2.6.3. File Handling preferences
        4. 2.6.4. Performance preferences
        5. 2.6.5. Cursors preferences
        6. 2.6.6. Transparency & Gamut preferences
        7. 2.6.7. Unit & Rulers preferences
        8. 2.6.8. Guides, Grid & Slices preferences
        9. 2.6.9. Plug-ins preferences
        10. 2.6.10. Type preferences
        11. 2.6.11. 3D preferences
      7. 2.7. Customizing Shortcuts and Menus
        1. 2.7.1. Customizing menus
        2. 2.7.2. Customizing shortcuts
      8. 2.8. Summary
    3. 3. Image Basics
      1. 3.1. Exploring File Types
        1. 3.1.1. Compressed versus uncompressed
        2. 3.1.2. Raster versus vector
        3. 3.1.3. HDR images
        4. 3.1.4. Image files
          1. 3.1.4.1. Photoshop (*.PSD, *.PDD)
          2. 3.1.4.2. TIFF (*.TIF;*.TIFF)
          3. 3.1.4.3. JPEG (*.JPG;*.JPEG;*.JPE)
          4. 3.1.4.4. JPEG 2000 (*.JP2;*.JPX)
          5. 3.1.4.5. CompuServ GIF (*.GIF)
          6. 3.1.4.6. PNG (*.PNG)
          7. 3.1.4.7. Bmp (*.BMP; *.RLE; *.DIB)
          8. 3.1.4.8. RAW (*.RAW; *.CR; *.CR2; *.DNG; and several others)
          9. 3.1.4.9. Portable bitmap (*.PBM;*.PGM;*.PPM;*.PNM;*.PFM;*.PAM)
          10. 3.1.4.10. Wireless bitmap (*.WBM;*.WBMPI)
          11. 3.1.4.11. Encapsulated PostScript (*.EPS; *.AI3-*.AI8; *.PS; *.EPSP; *.EPSF)
          12. 3.1.4.12. Photoshop PDF (*.PDF;*.PDP)
          13. 3.1.4.13. PCX (*.PCX)
          14. 3.1.4.14. PICT (*.PCT;*.PICT)
          15. 3.1.4.15. Pixar (*.PXR)
          16. 3.1.4.16. FXG (*.FXG)
          17. 3.1.4.17. Google Earth 4 (*.KMZ)
          18. 3.1.4.18. PSB (*.PSB)
          19. 3.1.4.19. OpenEXR (*.EXR)
          20. 3.1.4.20. Cineon
          21. 3.1.4.21. IFF (*.IFF;*.TDI)
          22. 3.1.4.22. Scitex CT (*.SCT)
          23. 3.1.4.23. Targa (*.TGA; *.VDA; *.ICB; *.VST)
          24. 3.1.4.24. Radiance (*.HDR; *.RGBE; *.XYZE)
        5. 3.1.5. Video files
        6. 3.1.6. 3D files
        7. 3.1.7. DICOM files
      2. 3.2. Creating and Opening Images
        1. 3.2.1. Creating a new image
        2. 3.2.2. Opening an existing image
        3. 3.2.3. Opening an existing image as a specific file type
        4. 3.2.4. Saving an image
      3. 3.3. Resizing Files and Adjusting Resolution
        1. 3.3.1. Understanding resolution
        2. 3.3.2. Changing the image size and resolution
          1. 3.3.2.1. Understanding the resolution and size relationship
          2. 3.3.2.2. Understanding Photoshop's resizing algorithms
          3. 3.3.2.3. Adjusting the image size and resolution
        3. 3.3.3. Changing the canvas size
      4. 3.4. Cropping and Straightening Images
        1. 3.4.1. Guidelines for cropping a photo
          1. 3.4.1.1. Get rid of background clutter
          2. 3.4.1.2. Preserving aspect ratio
          3. 3.4.1.3. Rule of thirds
          4. 3.4.1.4. Give your subject somewhere to go
          5. 3.4.1.5. Closing in on your subject
          6. 3.4.1.6. Don't crop out the story
        2. 3.4.2. Cropping an image
          1. 3.4.2.1. Using the Crop tool
          2. 3.4.2.2. Cropping using the Selection tools
        3. 3.4.3. Straightening an image
          1. 3.4.3.1. Rotating and flipping images
          2. 3.4.3.2. Rotating while cropping
          3. 3.4.3.3. Using the Crop and Straighten tool
          4. 3.4.3.4. Using the Ruler tool
        4. 3.4.4. Trimming a border
      5. 3.5. Summary
    4. 4. Understanding Colors, Histograms, Levels, and Curves
      1. 4.1. Color Basics
        1. 4.1.1. What is color?
        2. 4.1.2. Color, intensity, and the human eye
      2. 4.2. Understanding Channels and Levels
      3. 4.3. Adjusting with Histograms
        1. 4.3.1. Understanding histograms
          1. 4.3.1.1. Determining overexposure and underexposure in an image
          2. 4.3.1.2. Determining color balance in an image
        2. 4.3.2. Using the Histogram panel
          1. 4.3.2.1. Setting Histogram panel options
          2. 4.3.2.2. Selecting channels
          3. 4.3.2.3. Selecting a source
          4. 4.3.2.4. Understanding statistics
        3. 4.3.3. Adjusting images with the histogram tools
          1. 4.3.3.1. Using the handles to adjust the histogram
          2. 4.3.3.2. Using the eyedroppers to adjust the histogram
        4. 4.3.4. Adjusting levels with the Curves tool
          1. 4.3.4.1. Understanding curves
          2. 4.3.4.2. Using the Curves tool
            1. 4.3.4.2.1. Selecting the channel
            2. 4.3.4.2.2. Adding points
            3. 4.3.4.2.3. Adjusting the input levels
            4. 4.3.4.2.4. Adjusting specific levels from the image
            5. 4.3.4.2.5. Creating a freehand line
            6. 4.3.4.2.6. Using the eyedroppers
      4. 4.4. Working in Different Color Modes
        1. 4.4.1. Understanding the different color modes
          1. 4.4.1.1. Bitmap
          2. 4.4.1.2. Grayscale
          3. 4.4.1.3. Duotone
          4. 4.4.1.4. Indexed color
          5. 4.4.1.5. RGB color
          6. 4.4.1.6. CYMK color
          7. 4.4.1.7. Lab color
          8. 4.4.1.8. Multichannel
        2. 4.4.2. Bits per channel
      5. 4.5. Choosing Colors
        1. 4.5.1. Using the Color Picker tool
        2. 4.5.2. Using the Color panel
        3. 4.5.3. Using the Swatches panel
        4. 4.5.4. Using the Eyedropper tool
        5. 4.5.5. Using the Color Sampler tool
        6. 4.5.6. Using the HUD Color Picker
      6. 4.6. Summary
    5. 5. History and Actions
      1. 5.1. Photoshop: The Non-Destructive Application
      2. 5.2. Using the History Panel
        1. 5.2.1. Understanding the History panel
          1. 5.2.1.1. Configuring the History panel
          2. 5.2.1.2. Navigating through history states
          3. 5.2.1.3. Using snapshots
          4. 5.2.1.4. Creating documents
          5. 5.2.1.5. Deleting history
        2. 5.2.2. Painting from history
          1. 5.2.2.1. Using the Eraser tool in the History panel
          2. 5.2.2.2. Using the History Brush
          3. 5.2.2.3. Using the Art History Brush
          4. 5.2.2.4. Using selections when painting history
      3. 5.3. Creating and Using Automated Actions
        1. 5.3.1. Understanding the Actions panel
          1. 5.3.1.1. Action list
          2. 5.3.1.2. Actions panel menu
          3. 5.3.1.3. Toggle boxes
          4. 5.3.1.4. Quick Buttons
          5. 5.3.1.5. Changing the view of the Actions panel
        2. 5.3.2. Loading existing action sets
        3. 5.3.3. Creating custom actions
        4. 5.3.4. Editing actions
          1. 5.3.4.1. Adding a stop
          2. 5.3.4.2. Adding operations
          3. 5.3.4.3. Moving operations
          4. 5.3.4.4. Duplicating actions and operations
          5. 5.3.4.5. Modifying operations
            1. 5.3.4.5.1. Inserting a menu item
            2. 5.3.4.5.2. Inserting a path
          6. 5.3.4.6. Deleting an operation
          7. 5.3.4.7. Modifying the action name and function key
          8. 5.3.4.8. Saving actions
          9. 5.3.4.9. Temporarily adjusting action settings by using the toggle boxes
        5. 5.3.5. Playing actions
        6. 5.3.6. Managing the action list
      4. 5.4. Summary
    6. 6. Using Bridge to Organize and Process Photos
      1. 6.1. Working in the Bridge Workspaces
        1. 6.1.1. Understanding the Bridge utility
          1. 6.1.1.1. Main menu
          2. 6.1.1.2. Toolbar
          3. 6.1.1.3. Window panes
          4. 6.1.1.4. Content view controls
        2. 6.1.2. Using the Bridge workspaces
      2. 6.2. Organizing Files in Bridge
        1. 6.2.1. Importing images from cameras and card readers
          1. 6.2.1.1. Get Photos From
          2. 6.2.1.2. Location
          3. 6.2.1.3. Create Subfolder(s)
          4. 6.2.1.4. Rename Files
          5. 6.2.1.5. Open Adobe Bridge
          6. 6.2.1.6. Convert to DNG
          7. 6.2.1.7. Delete Original Files
          8. 6.2.1.8. Save Copies To
          9. 6.2.1.9. Apply Metadata
        2. 6.2.2. Working with image metadata
        3. 6.2.3. Assigning ratings and labels to files
        4. 6.2.4. Assigning keywords to files
          1. 6.2.4.1. Adding an existing keyword to a file
          2. 6.2.4.2. Adding a new keyword
          3. 6.2.4.3. Adding a new sub-keyword
          4. 6.2.4.4. Finding a keyword in the list
          5. 6.2.4.5. Deleting and renaming keywords
        5. 6.2.5. Renaming files
        6. 6.2.6. Finding files
          1. 6.2.6.1. Using the Filter panel
          2. 6.2.6.2. Using the Find tool
          3. 6.2.6.3. Using the review mode
        7. 6.2.7. Using collections
          1. 6.2.7.1. Creating collections
          2. 6.2.7.2. Creating smart collections
        8. 6.2.8. Creating stacks
        9. 6.2.9. Deleting versus rejecting files
      3. 6.3. Processing Images Using Bridge and Photoshop
        1. 6.3.1. Opening images in Photoshop
          1. 6.3.1.1. Opening image in Photoshop
          2. 6.3.1.2. Placing images in Photoshop
          3. 6.3.1.3. Loading files as Photoshop layers
          4. 6.3.1.4. Opening in Camera Raw
        2. 6.3.2. Batch processing
        3. 6.3.3. Using the Image Processor
        4. 6.3.4. Merging photos
          1. 6.3.4.1. Using Photoshop Photomerge
          2. 6.3.4.2. Using Photoshop Merge to HDR
          3. 6.3.4.3. Auto-merging images into HDR and panoramic images
        5. 6.3.5. Creating PDFs and Web galleries
          1. 6.3.5.1. Creating a PDF
          2. 6.3.5.2. Creating a Web gallery
      4. 6.4. Using the Mini-Bridge Tool in Photoshop
        1. 6.4.1. Setting up Mini-Bridge
        2. 6.4.2. Browsing in Mini-Bridge
      5. 6.5. Summary
  7. II. Working with Camera Raw Images
    1. 7. Camera Raw Basics
      1. 7.1. Benefits of Camera Raw—More Is Better
        1. 7.1.1. Original CMOS information—more bits
        2. 7.1.2. Non-destructive editing—more metadata
      2. 7.2. Drawbacks of Camera Raw—Size Matters
        1. 7.2.1. Camera raw is not universal
        2. 7.2.2. Memory card and disk space
        3. 7.2.3. Time
      3. 7.3. Camera Raw File Types
        1. 7.3.1. XMP
        2. 7.3.2. DNG
          1. 7.3.2.1. Standardization
          2. 7.3.2.2. No XMP files
          3. 7.3.2.3. Those pesky proprietary vendors
      4. 7.4. Opening Images in Camera Raw
      5. 7.5. The Camera Raw Workspace and Workflow Options
        1. 7.5.1. Workflow options
          1. 7.5.1.1. Space
          2. 7.5.1.2. Choose a bit depth
          3. 7.5.1.3. Size
          4. 7.5.1.4. Resolution
          5. 7.5.1.5. Sharpen For/Amount
          6. 7.5.1.6. Open in Photoshop as Smart Objects
      6. 7.6. Setting Preferences
        1. 7.6.1. General
          1. 7.6.1.1. Save Image settings in
          2. 7.6.1.2. Apply Sharpening to
        2. 7.6.2. Default image settings
          1. 7.6.2.1. Apply auto tone adjustments
          2. 7.6.2.2. Apply Auto grayscale mix when converting to grayscale
          3. 7.6.2.3. Make defaults specific to camera serial number
          4. 7.6.2.4. Make defaults specific to camera ISO setting
        3. 7.6.3. Camera Raw cache
        4. 7.6.4. DNG file handling
          1. 7.6.4.1. Ignore sidecar ".xmp" files
          2. 7.6.4.2. Update embedded JPEG previews
        5. 7.6.5. JPEG and TIFF handling
      7. 7.7. The Camera Raw Panel Menu
      8. 7.8. Creating Snapshots
      9. 7.9. Saving Presets
      10. 7.10. Exporting Camera Raw Files
      11. 7.11. Summary
    2. 8. Processing Photos in the Camera Raw Workspace
      1. 8.1. The Camera Raw Tools
      2. 8.2. Synchronizing Adjustments in Multiple Raw Images
      3. 8.3. Adjusting the White Balance
        1. 8.3.1. Using the White Balance tool
        2. 8.3.2. Changing the lighting settings
        3. 8.3.3. Using the Temperature and Tint sliders
      4. 8.4. Adjusting Lighting
      5. 8.5. Adjusting Color and Clarity
        1. 8.5.1. Clarity, vibrance, and saturation
        2. 8.5.2. Tone Curve
          1. 8.5.2.1. The Parametric panel
          2. 8.5.2.2. The Point tab
        3. 8.5.3. HSL adjustments
          1. 8.5.3.1. Hue adjustments
          2. 8.5.3.2. Saturation adjustments
          3. 8.5.3.3. Luminance adjustments
        4. 8.5.4. Creating a grayscale photo
        5. 8.5.5. Split Toning
      6. 8.6. Correcting and Retouching
        1. 8.6.1. Spot removal and cloning
        2. 8.6.2. Red-eye removal
        3. 8.6.3. Using the Adjustment Brush
          1. 8.6.3.1. Setting the Mask options
          2. 8.6.3.2. Using the pins
          3. 8.6.3.3. Setting the Brush options
          4. 8.6.3.4. Setting the Adjustment options
        4. 8.6.4. Creating a Graduated Filter
      7. 8.7. Creating Artistic Effects
        1. 8.7.1. Adding grain
        2. 8.7.2. Adding a vignette
      8. 8.8. Correcting Camera Quirks
        1. 8.8.1. Lens corrections
        2. 8.8.2. Camera calibration
      9. 8.9. Adjusting Sharpness and Reducing Noise
        1. 8.9.1. Noise reduction
        2. 8.9.2. Sharpening
      10. 8.10. Summary
  8. III. Selections, Layers, and Channels
    1. 9. Creating Selections
      1. 9.1. The Select Menu
      2. 9.2. Using the Selection Tools
        1. 9.2.1. Quick Selection tool
          1. 9.2.1.1. Quick Selection tool options
          2. 9.2.1.2. Using the Quick Selection tool
        2. 9.2.2. Magic Wand tool
          1. 9.2.2.1. Magic Wand tool options
          2. 9.2.2.2. Using the Magic Wand
        3. 9.2.3. Color Range
        4. 9.2.4. Selecting by shape
          1. 9.2.4.1. The Marquee options
          2. 9.2.4.2. The Rectangle Marquee tool
          3. 9.2.4.3. The Elliptical Marquee tool
        5. 9.2.5. Using the Lasso tools
          1. 9.2.5.1. Lasso tool options
          2. 9.2.5.2. Lasso tool
          3. 9.2.5.3. The Polygonal Lasso tool
          4. 9.2.5.4. The Magnetic Lasso tool
            1. 9.2.5.4.1. The Magnetic Lasso tool options
            2. 9.2.5.4.2. Using the Magnetic Lasso tool
      3. 9.3. Refining Your Selection
        1. 9.3.1. Adjusting a selection
          1. 9.3.1.1. Using the selection tools
          2. 9.3.1.2. By transforming a selection
          3. 9.3.1.3. Using paths
          4. 9.3.1.4. Using the Quick Mask mode
        2. 9.3.2. Refining the edges
          1. 9.3.2.1. View Mode
          2. 9.3.2.2. Edge Detection
          3. 9.3.2.3. Adjust Edge
          4. 9.3.2.4. Output
      4. 9.4. Summary
    2. 10. All about Layers
      1. 10.1. Working with Layers
        1. 10.1.1. Understanding multiple layers
        2. 10.1.2. Adding new layers
          1. 10.1.2.1. Adding another document as a new layer
          2. 10.1.2.2. Adding text or shapes as a new layer
          3. 10.1.2.3. Creating selections to make a new layer
      2. 10.2. The Layer Menu and the Layers Panel Menu
        1. 10.2.1. The Layer menu
        2. 10.2.2. The Layers panel menu
      3. 10.3. The Layers Panel
        1. 10.3.1. Opacity and Fill settings
        2. 10.3.2. Lock settings
        3. 10.3.3. Blending modes
          1. 10.3.3.1. Normal and dissolve blending modes
          2. 10.3.3.2. Darkening blending modes
          3. 10.3.3.3. Lightening blending modes
          4. 10.3.3.4. Adding contrast blending modes
          5. 10.3.3.5. Using difference blending modes
          6. 10.3.3.6. Color blending modes
          7. 10.3.3.7. Using blending modes
        4. 10.3.4. Linking layers
        5. 10.3.5. Layer styles, Layer masks, and Fill and Adjustment layers
        6. 10.3.6. Grouping layers
        7. 10.3.7. Creating a blank layer
        8. 10.3.8. Throwing layers (or their components) away
      4. 10.4. Applying Worry-Free Fill and Adjustment Layers
        1. 10.4.1. Choosing a Fill or Adjustment layer
        2. 10.4.2. Fill layers
        3. 10.4.3. Adjustment layers
        4. 10.4.4. Editing a Fill or Adjustment layer
          1. 10.4.4.1. Moving a Fill or Adjustment layer
          2. 10.4.4.2. Editing the properties of a Fill or Adjustment layer
      5. 10.5. Layer Style Special Effects
        1. 10.5.1. Choosing a Layer Style
        2. 10.5.2. Adjusting Layer Style options
        3. 10.5.3. Creating a separate layer from a Layer Style
      6. 10.6. Creating Smart Objects
        1. 10.6.1. Converting a layer to a Smart Object
        2. 10.6.2. Adding Smart Filters
        3. 10.6.3. Making changes to the Smart Filters
      7. 10.7. Layer Masks
        1. 10.7.1. Creating masks
          1. 10.7.1.1. Using the Add Mask icon
            1. 10.7.1.1.1. Pixel masks
            2. 10.7.1.1.2. Vector masks
          2. 10.7.1.2. Using the Refine Edge dialog box
          3. 10.7.1.3. Type masks
          4. 10.7.1.4. Clipping masks
        2. 10.7.2. Editing masks
          1. 10.7.2.1. Edit a mask by painting on the image
          2. 10.7.2.2. Edit masks using the Channels panel
          3. 10.7.2.3. Editing masks using the Masks panel
        3. 10.7.3. Unlinking and moving masks
      8. 10.8. The Layer Comps Panel
      9. 10.9. Merging Layers
      10. 10.10. Summary
    3. 11. Channels
      1. 11.1. Understanding Color Channels
      2. 11.2. Using the Channel Mixer
        1. 11.2.1. Color mixing
        2. 11.2.2. Swapping colors
        3. 11.2.3. Converting color to grayscale
      3. 11.3. Using the Channels Panel
        1. 11.3.1. Selecting channels
        2. 11.3.2. Deleting channels
        3. 11.3.3. Duplicating channels
        4. 11.3.4. Splitting/Merging channels
        5. 11.3.5. Sharing channels between images
      4. 11.4. Making Channel Selections
      5. 11.5. The Alpha Channel
        1. 11.5.1. Creating alpha channels
        2. 11.5.2. Loading selections from alpha channels
        3. 11.5.3. Modifying alpha channels
        4. 11.5.4. Alpha channels versus layer masks
        5. 11.5.5. Changing the channel options for alpha channels
      6. 11.6. Spot Color Channels
        1. 11.6.1. Creating a spot color channel
        2. 11.6.2. Merging spot color channels
        3. 11.6.3. Removing ink overlap using spot color channels
      7. 11.7. Summary
  9. IV. Enhancing, Correcting, and Retouching
    1. 12. Adjustment workflow
      1. 12.1. Understanding Workflow
      2. 12.2. Making Auto Adjustments
      3. 12.3. Using the Adjustments Panel
        1. 12.3.1. Adjustment icons
        2. 12.3.2. Adjustment panel icons
        3. 12.3.3. Adjustment presets
      4. 12.4. Summary
    2. 13. Lighting and Color Adjustments
      1. 13.1. Applying Quick Adjustments to Light and Color
        1. 13.1.1. Brightness and contrast versus exposure
          1. 13.1.1.1. Using the Brightness/ Contrast tool to adjust lighting
          2. 13.1.1.2. Using the Exposure tool to adjust lighting
        2. 13.1.2. Changing the color balance
        3. 13.1.3. Making selective color adjustments
        4. 13.1.4. Applying photo filter to images
        5. 13.1.5. Replacing specific colors
        6. 13.1.6. Using the Variations tool
        7. 13.1.7. Changing the shadows and highlights in images
          1. 13.1.7.1. Fixing shadows
          2. 13.1.7.2. Fixing highlights
          3. 13.1.7.3. Adjusting after shadows or highlights are corrected
        8. 13.1.8. Creating customized black and white photos
      2. 13.2. Hue and Saturation
        1. 13.2.1. Using the Hue/Saturation tool
        2. 13.2.2. Adjusting the hue and saturation to make colors pop
      3. 13.3. Levels
        1. 13.3.1. Using the Levels Adjustment tool
        2. 13.3.2. Configuring the Auto Levels Adjustment
        3. 13.3.3. Adjusting levels to increase detail in images
      4. 13.4. Curves
        1. 13.4.1. Using the Curves Adjustment tool
        2. 13.4.2. Configuring the Curves Display tool
        3. 13.4.3. Configuring the Auto Curves Adjustment
        4. 13.4.4. Adjusting the curve to correct color and contrast in images
      5. 13.5. Using the Match Color Tool to Change Colors
      6. 13.6. Converting HDR Images to 8 Bits Per Channel
      7. 13.7. Summary
    3. 14. Sharpness, Blur, and Noise Adjustments
      1. 14.1. Using Sharpen Filters to Sharpen Images
        1. 14.1.1. Applying basic sharpening filters
        2. 14.1.2. Unsharp Mask
        3. 14.1.3. Smart Sharpen
      2. 14.2. Using Blur Filters to Soften Images
        1. 14.2.1. Automatic Blur filters
        2. 14.2.2. Shape Blur filters
          1. 14.2.2.1. Gaussian Blur
          2. 14.2.2.2. Box Blur
          3. 14.2.2.3. Shape Blur
        3. 14.2.3. Direction Blur filters
          1. 14.2.3.1. Adding a Motion Blur to an image
          2. 14.2.3.2. Radial Blur
        4. 14.2.4. Surface Blur
        5. 14.2.5. Smart Blur
        6. 14.2.6. Lens Blur
          1. 14.2.6.1. Preview
          2. 14.2.6.2. Depth Map
          3. 14.2.6.3. Iris
          4. 14.2.6.4. Specular Highlights
          5. 14.2.6.5. Noise
      3. 14.3. Reducing Noise in an Image
        1. 14.3.1. Despeckle
        2. 14.3.2. Median
        3. 14.3.3. Dust & Scratches
        4. 14.3.4. Reducing noise
        5. 14.3.5. Add noise
      4. 14.4. Summary
    4. 15. Using Cloning and Healing to Restore Digital Images
      1. 15.1. The Healing Brush Tools
        1. 15.1.1. The Spot Healing Brush
          1. 15.1.1.1. Proximity Match
          2. 15.1.1.2. Create Texture
          3. 15.1.1.3. Content-Aware
        2. 15.1.2. The Healing Brush
        3. 15.1.3. The Patch tool
        4. 15.1.4. Content-Aware fill
        5. 15.1.5. Fixing red-eye
      2. 15.2. The Clone Stamp Tool and Clone Source Panel
        1. 15.2.1. Setting the Clone Stamp options
        2. 15.2.2. Cloning basics
        3. 15.2.3. Utilizing the Clone Source panel
      3. 15.3. Using the Clone and Healing Brushes Together for Optimal Effect
        1. 15.3.1. Fixing damaged photos
        2. 15.3.2. Face swapping with multiple images
      4. 15.4. Summary
  10. V. Painting, Paths, Shapes, and Text
    1. 16. Painting and Brushes
      1. 16.1. Painting in Photoshop
      2. 16.2. Understanding the Painting Tools
        1. 16.2.1. Painting tools and blending modes
          1. 16.2.1.1. Basic blending modes
          2. 16.2.1.2. Darkening blending modes
          3. 16.2.1.3. Lightening blending modes
          4. 16.2.1.4. Adding contrast blending modes
          5. 16.2.1.5. Difference, Exclusion, Subtract and Divide blending modes
          6. 16.2.1.6. Color blending modes
        2. 16.2.2. Painting with painting tools
        3. 16.2.3. Painting with editing tools
          1. 16.2.3.1. Healing tools
          2. 16.2.3.2. Clone Stamp and Pattern Stamp tool
          3. 16.2.3.3. History tools
          4. 16.2.3.4. Eraser tools
          5. 16.2.3.5. Sharpen/Blur/Smudge tools
          6. 16.2.3.6. Dodge/Burn/Sponge tools
        4. 16.2.4. Painting with mixing tools
      3. 16.3. Using the Brush Panel
        1. 16.3.1. Selecting the brush tip shape
          1. 16.3.1.1. Selecting flat brush shapes
          2. 16.3.1.2. Selecting bristle brush shapes
        2. 16.3.2. Setting the brush behavior
          1. 16.3.2.1. Shape Dynamics
          2. 16.3.2.2. Scattering
          3. 16.3.2.3. Texture
          4. 16.3.2.4. Dual Brush
          5. 16.3.2.5. Color Dynamics
          6. 16.3.2.6. Transfer
        3. 16.3.3. Brush Presets panel
      4. 16.4. Painting with Non-Brush Painting Tools
        1. 16.4.1. Paint Bucket tool
        2. 16.4.2. Gradient tool
        3. 16.4.3. Gradient Editor
      5. 16.5. Example Painting Techniques
        1. 16.5.1. Painting from a blank canvas
        2. 16.5.2. Tracing edges from an existing image
        3. 16.5.3. Wet paint on an existing image
      6. 16.6. Summary
    2. 17. Working with Paths and Vector Shapes
      1. 17.1. Understanding Paths
        1. 17.1.1. Path components
        2. 17.1.2. Types of paths
      2. 17.2. Using Vector Path Tools to Create Paths
        1. 17.2.1. Using the Pen tools
          1. 17.2.1.1. Pen tools
          2. 17.2.1.2. Using the Pen tool options
        2. 17.2.2. Using the Path Selection tools
          1. 17.2.2.1. Path Selection tools
          2. 17.2.2.2. Using the Path Selection tool options
        3. 17.2.3. Paths panel
      3. 17.3. Using Paths
        1. 17.3.1. Creating a path
        2. 17.3.2. Creating vector shapes from paths
        3. 17.3.3. Creating a clipping mask
        4. 17.3.4. Creating vector masks
        5. 17.3.5. Vector Shape Layers
        6. 17.3.6. Using vector shape tools
        7. 17.3.7. Adding vector shape layers
        8. 17.3.8. Adding custom vector shapes
        9. 17.3.9. Editing vector shape
      4. 17.4. Summary
    3. 18. Working with Text
      1. 18.1. A Little Bit about Text
      2. 18.2. Using the Text Tools to Add Text to Images
        1. 18.2.1. Setting type preferences
        2. 18.2.2. Using the text tools to add text
          1. 18.2.2.1. Adding text as point type
          2. 18.2.2.2. Adding text as a paragraph type
        3. 18.2.3. Editing vector text layers
          1. 18.2.3.1. Edit Type
          2. 18.2.3.2. Check Spelling
          3. 18.2.3.3. Find and Replace Text
          4. 18.2.3.4. Rasterize Type
          5. 18.2.3.5. Create Work Path
          6. 18.2.3.6. Convert to Shape
          7. 18.2.3.7. Horizontal/Vertical
          8. 18.2.3.8. Anti-Alias adjustment
          9. 18.2.3.9. Faux options
          10. 18.2.3.10. Convert to Point Text/Paragraph Text
          11. 18.2.3.11. Warp Text
          12. 18.2.3.12. Layer Style
        4. 18.2.4. Using the Character panel
        5. 18.2.5. Using the Paragraph panel
        6. 18.2.6. Using the Character and Paragraph Styles panels
          1. 18.2.6.1. Character Styles
          2. 18.2.6.2. Paragraph Styles
      3. 18.3. Applying Text to Images
        1. 18.3.1. Adding text on a path
          1. 18.3.1.1. Applying text to a path
          2. 18.3.1.2. Editing text on a path
        2. 18.3.2. Constraining text using a vector shape
        3. 18.3.3. Adding text in a Smart Object
        4. 18.3.4. Applying text as a mask
      4. 18.4. Summary
  11. VI. Artistic Effects
    1. 19. Distorting Images Using Transformation Effects, Liquify, and Vanishing Point
      1. 19.1. Using Transformations
        1. 19.1.1. The importance of the reference point
        2. 19.1.2. Scale
        3. 19.1.3. Rotate
        4. 19.1.4. Skew
        5. 19.1.5. Distort
        6. 19.1.6. Perspective
        7. 19.1.7. Warp
        8. 19.1.8. Free transform
        9. 19.1.9. Content-Aware Scale
        10. 19.1.10. Using the all-new Puppet Warp
      2. 19.2. The Liquify Filter
        1. 19.2.1. The Liquify tools
        2. 19.2.2. Tool options
        3. 19.2.3. Mesh options
        4. 19.2.4. Reconstruct options
        5. 19.2.5. Mask options
        6. 19.2.6. View options
      3. 19.3. Vanishing Point
      4. 19.4. Summary
    2. 20. Applying Filters
      1. 20.1. A Comprehensive Look at Artistic Effects Filters
        1. 20.1.1. Artistic
        2. 20.1.2. Brush Strokes
        3. 20.1.3. Distort
        4. 20.1.4. Pixelate
        5. 20.1.5. Render
        6. 20.1.6. Sketch
        7. 20.1.7. Stylize
        8. 20.1.8. Texture
        9. 20.1.9. Other
      2. 20.2. Using the Filter Gallery
        1. 20.2.1. The preview pane
        2. 20.2.2. The filter thumbnail pane
        3. 20.2.3. The options pane
      3. 20.3. Using Smart Objects to Make Non-Destructive Filter Adjustments
      4. 20.4. Creating a Custom Filter
      5. 20.5. Summary
    3. 21. Combining Images
      1. 21.1. Creating Seamless Composites
        1. 21.1.1. Combining files
        2. 21.1.2. Adjusting and transforming new layers
        3. 21.1.3. Blending composite files
          1. 21.1.3.1. Refining edges
          2. 21.1.3.2. Creating a drop shadow
          3. 21.1.3.3. Changing Fill or Opacity settings
          4. 21.1.3.4. Changing the Blending mode
          5. 21.1.3.5. Creating a Fill or Adjustment layer
          6. 21.1.3.6. Using masks to "tuck in" a composite file
      2. 21.2. Using Multiple Images to Create a Photo Collage
      3. 21.3. Using Photomerge to Create a Panorama
      4. 21.4. Summary
  12. VII. Working with 3D Images
    1. 22. Creating and Manipulating 3D Objects
      1. 22.1. Understanding 3D File Formats
      2. 22.2. Opening and Placing 3D Files in Photoshop
      3. 22.3. Creating 3D Files in Photoshop
        1. 22.3.1. Selecting a source for a 3D object
        2. 22.3.2. Creating a 3D postcard
        3. 22.3.3. Creating a 3D shape from a preset
        4. 22.3.4. Using Repoussé to create a 3D object
        5. 22.3.5. Creating a 3D mesh from grayscale
        6. 22.3.6. Creating a 3D volume
      4. 22.4. Creating 3D Objects in the Layers Panel
      5. 22.5. Manipulating 3D Objects
        1. 22.5.1. Understanding static coordinates
        2. 22.5.2. Using the 3D object tools
          1. 22.5.2.1. The Home button
          2. 22.5.2.2. Turning 3D objects around a central point
            1. 22.5.2.2.1. Rotating a 3D object
            2. 22.5.2.2.2. Rolling a 3D object
          3. 22.5.2.3. Moving a 3D object through 3D space
            1. 22.5.2.3.1. Dragging a 3D object
            2. 22.5.2.3.2. Sliding a 3D object
            3. 22.5.2.3.3. Scaling a 3D object
          4. 22.5.2.4. Changing positions and saving a view
      6. 22.6. Using the 3D Axis Widget
      7. 22.7. Positioning the Camera on a 3D Object
      8. 22.8. Summary
    2. 23. Using the 3D Panel to Edit 3D Scenes and Settings
      1. 23.1. 3D Panel Overview
      2. 23.2. 3D {Scene} Panel
        1. 23.2.1. Changing the 3D preferences
        2. 23.2.2. Render settings
          1. 23.2.2.1. Render presets
          2. 23.2.2.2. Edit render settings
          3. 23.2.2.3. Quality
          4. 23.2.2.4. Paint On
          5. 23.2.2.5. Global Ambient Color
        3. 23.2.3. Creating cross sections
        4. 23.2.4. Toggle the 3D extras
      3. 23.3. 3D {Mesh} Panel
      4. 23.4. 3D {Materials} Panel
        1. 23.4.1. Editing textures
        2. 23.4.2. Editing materials
        3. 23.4.3. Material Drop tool
      5. 23.5. 3D {Lights} Panel
        1. 23.5.1. Adding new lights
        2. 23.5.2. Positioning lights
        3. 23.5.3. Light settings
      6. 23.6. Summary
    3. 24. Using Photoshop Tools to Change the Appearance of a 3D Layer
      1. 24.1. 3D Paint Mode
        1. 24.1.1. Hiding areas on a 3D object
        2. 24.1.2. Painting on 3D objects
      2. 24.2. Adjustments, Layer Styles, and Filters
        1. 24.2.1. Applying an adjustment to a 3D layer
        2. 24.2.2. Applying a layer style to a 3D layer
        3. 24.2.3. Applying a filter to a 3D layer
        4. 24.2.4. 3D layers as Smart Objects
      3. 24.3. Creating Composites
        1. 24.3.1. Flying a carpet over a lake
          1. 24.3.1.1. Creating a 3D rug
          2. 24.3.1.2. Placing the flying carpet into an image
          3. 24.3.1.3. Adding details to complete the flying carpet composite
        2. 24.3.2. Giving the moon away
          1. 24.3.2.1. Create a gift box
          2. 24.3.2.2. Creating the moon
          3. 24.3.2.3. Creating a present of the moon
      4. 24.4. Summary
  13. VIII. Working with Video and Animation
    1. 25. Video Editing Basics
      1. 25.1. Working with Video Files
        1. 25.1.1. Setting aspect ratios
          1. 25.1.1.1. Correcting the pixel aspect ratio
          2. 25.1.1.2. Changing video aspect ratios
          3. 25.1.1.3. Correcting the aspect ratio of an image
        2. 25.1.2. Video filters
          1. 25.1.2.1. De-Interlace
          2. 25.1.2.2. NTSC Colors
      2. 25.2. Features of the Animation (Timeline) Panel
        1. 25.2.1. Time adjustment
        2. 25.2.2. Work area
        3. 25.2.3. Icons
        4. 25.2.4. Defining the options found in the Animation (Timeline) panel menu
        5. 25.2.5. Accessing the Video Layers menu
        6. 25.2.6. Setting layer favorites
      3. 25.3. Opening and Placing Video Files
        1. 25.3.1. Opening a video file
        2. 25.3.2. Adding additional video files
        3. 25.3.3. Importing image sequences
          1. 25.3.3.1. Importing an image sequence into one layer
          2. 25.3.3.2. Importing an image sequence into multiple layers
      4. 25.4. Trimming Video Layers
        1. 25.4.1. Dragging the layer duration bar
        2. 25.4.2. Trimming layers using the menu option
        3. 25.4.3. Trimming the document duration to the work area
        4. 25.4.4. Looking at trimmed layers in the Animation (Timeline) panel
      5. 25.5. Moving Video Layers
        1. 25.5.1. Changing the layer hierarchy
        2. 25.5.2. Dragging layers inside the layer duration bar
        3. 25.5.3. Changing the position of the layer in and layer end points
      6. 25.6. Splitting Video Layers
      7. 25.7. Lifting and Extracting Unwanted Sections of Video
        1. 25.7.1. Lifting a section of a video layer
        2. 25.7.2. Extracting a section of a video layer
      8. 25.8. Performing Slip Edits
      9. 25.9. Adding Still Shots or Other Elements to a Video Project
        1. 25.9.1. Adding a blank layer
        2. 25.9.2. Adding a text layer
        3. 25.9.3. Adding or placing an image file
        4. 25.9.4. Adding or placing a 3D model
      10. 25.10. Summary
    2. 26. Animating in the Animation (Timeline) Panel
      1. 26.1. Creating and Editing Keyframes
        1. 26.1.1. Creating keyframes
        2. 26.1.2. Editing keyframes
        3. 26.1.3. Setting interpolation
          1. 26.1.3.1. Linear interpolation
          2. 26.1.3.2. Hold interpolation
        4. 26.1.4. Creating comments
      2. 26.2. Animating the Position of a Layer
        1. 26.2.1. Keyframe placement
        2. 26.2.2. Animating positions in multiple layers
      3. 26.3. Animating the Opacity Setting
      4. 26.4. Animating Layer Styles
      5. 26.5. Animating the Global Lighting
      6. 26.6. Animating Text
      7. 26.7. Animating Masks
      8. 26.8. Rotoscoping Basics
        1. 26.8.1. Creating a new video layer
        2. 26.8.2. Creating modified frames
        3. 26.8.3. Utilizing onion skins
          1. 26.8.3.1. Onion Skin settings
        4. 26.8.4. Restoring frames
      9. 26.9. Animating DICOM Files
      10. 26.10. Summary
    3. 27. Correcting Video Files and Adding Artistic Effects
      1. 27.1. Adding Fill or Adjustment Layers to Correct Tone and Color of Video Layers
        1. 27.1.1. Clipping an Adjustment layer to the layer below it
        2. 27.1.2. Adjusting the duration of a Fill or Adjustment layer
        3. 27.1.3. Merging layers
        4. 27.1.4. Adding a Fill or Adjustment layer to a Smart Object
      2. 27.2. Applying Smart Filters to Video Files
      3. 27.3. Cloning and Healing Over an Entire Video Layer
      4. 27.4. Frame-by-Frame Correction and Artistic Effects
        1. 27.4.1. Adding an adjustment to a single frame
        2. 27.4.2. Adding a filter to a single frame
        3. 27.4.3. Cloning and healing video files
        4. 27.4.4. Locking the source frame
      5. 27.5. Summary
    4. 28. Animating Using the Animation (Frames) Panel
      1. 28.1. Working in the Animation (Frames) Panel
        1. 28.1.1. Panel features
          1. 28.1.1.1. Frame delay time
          2. 28.1.1.2. Disposal method
          3. 28.1.1.3. Looping options
          4. 28.1.1.4. Tweens animation frames icon
            1. 28.1.1.4.1. Tween with
            2. 28.1.1.4.2. Frames to add
            3. 28.1.1.4.3. Layers
            4. 28.1.1.4.4. Parameters
          5. 28.1.1.5. Duplicating selected frames
          6. 28.1.1.6. Convert to Animation (Timeline)
          7. 28.1.1.7. The Animation (Frames) panel menu
        2. 28.1.2. Animation (Frames) panel menu
        3. 28.1.3. Layers panel features
      2. 28.2. Creating Tweened Frame Animations
        1. 28.2.1. Opening an image to animate
        2. 28.2.2. Creating keyframes
        3. 28.2.3. Tweening keyframes
      3. 28.3. Creating a Frame-by-Frame Animation
        1. 28.3.1. Creating an animation from a layered image
        2. 28.3.2. Building an animation in the Animation (Frames) panel
      4. 28.4. Rendering Video
      5. 28.5. Summary
  14. IX. Advanced Output Techniques
    1. 29. Printing and Color Management
      1. 29.1. Importance of Color Accuracy and Consistency
        1. 29.1.1. Understanding ICC color profiles
        2. 29.1.2. Embedding color profiles in image files
        3. 29.1.3. Device-independent color profiles
      2. 29.2. Color Calibrating Monitors and Printers
      3. 29.3. Using Color Management in Photoshop
        1. 29.3.1. Configuring color settings in Photoshop
          1. 29.3.1.1. Settings
          2. 29.3.1.2. Working Spaces
          3. 29.3.1.3. Color Management Policies
          4. 29.3.1.4. Conversion Options
          5. 29.3.1.5. Advanced Controls
        2. 29.3.2. Assigning color profiles to images
        3. 29.3.3. Converting images to other color profiles
        4. 29.3.4. Proofing images using color management
      4. 29.4. Printing Images from Photoshop
        1. 29.4.1. Configuring general printing options
        2. 29.4.2. Using color management to print accurate colors
        3. 29.4.3. Adding crop marks and additional output to printed images
      5. 29.5. Summary
    2. 30. Creating Images for the Web and Mobile Devices
      1. 30.1. Preparing Images for the Web
        1. 30.1.1. Understanding Web image formats
        2. 30.1.2. Selecting the right color profile
        3. 30.1.3. Slicing images for Web use
          1. 30.1.3.1. Understanding slices
          2. 30.1.3.2. Creating slices
          3. 30.1.3.3. Configuring slices
        4. 30.1.4. Adding transparency to images
        5. 30.1.5. Animating images
      2. 30.2. Outputting Images Using the Save for Web & Devices Utility
        1. 30.2.1. Preview layout and toolbar
        2. 30.2.2. File output settings
        3. 30.2.3. Color Table
        4. 30.2.4. Image Size settings
        5. 30.2.5. Animation controls
        6. 30.2.6. Previewing output in a browser
        7. 30.2.7. Using Adobe Device Central to preview images on devices
      3. 30.3. Using Zoomify to Add Zoomable Images to Web Sites
      4. 30.4. Summary
    3. 31. Digital Workflow and Automation
      1. 31.1. Automating Workflow in Photoshop
        1. 31.1.1. Batch processing multiple images
        2. 31.1.2. Creating droplets to process images
      2. 31.2. Using Scripting to Speed Up Workflow
        1. 31.2.1. Using Photoshop's scripts
        2. 31.2.2. Using stack modes on multiple images to analyze images and reduce noise
        3. 31.2.3. Scripting workflow events
      3. 31.3. Summary
    4. A. Keyboard Shortcuts
    5. B. Extending Photoshop's Capabilities Through Plug-Ins
      1. B.1. Bigger Tiles
        1. B.1.1. Bigger Tiles
        2. B.1.2. Alias
        3. B.1.3. JPEG2000
        4. B.1.4. RLA
        5. B.1.5. SGIRGB
        6. B.1.6. SoftImage
        7. B.1.7. PatternMaker
        8. B.1.8. PhotomergeUI
        9. B.1.9. Digimarc
        10. B.1.10. Web Photo Gallery
    6. C. Resources
      1. C.1. Help
      2. C.2. General Information
      3. C.3. Downloadable Resources
      4. C.4. Professional Resources
      5. C.5. Training and Conferences
      6. C.6. Certification