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Photoshop® CS4 All-in-One For Dummies®

Book Description

Your one-stop Photoshop reference, filled with the latest tips and techniques

There’s a reason why Photoshop is the industry standard for image-editing software. But it’s also that big, Photoshop has so many facets and features that a handy one-stop guide is exactly what you need. And you’ll love the “Putting It Together” exercises that give you hands-on experience – in rich, full color!

  • Learn the parts — the desktop, menus, panels, and key tools, and how to use Adobe Bridge

  • Make your selection — learn about each of the selection tools plus the powerful Pen tool and Paths panel

  • Brush up — on the Brush and Pencil tools and how to create vector shapes, create and edit type, and put type on a path

  • Restore and retouch — correct and enhance color, improve contrast, and use the Clone Stamp and Healing tools to fix flaws and damage

  • Print it — learn how to get the right resolution, image mode, and file format, and prepare your work for printing

Open the book and find:

  • How to crop images and increase their canvas size

  • Tips for creating gradients and patterns

  • Advice on resizing images

  • How to composite images with layers and blending modes

  • Filter techniques to correct or alter images

  • How the Vanishing Point feature makes editing easier

  • Steps for making adjustments with levels and curves

  • How to create contact sheets

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. About the Author
  3. Author's Acknowledgments
  4. Publisher's Acknowledgments
  5. Introduction
    1. About This Book
    2. What's in This Book
      1. Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals
      2. Book II: Image Essentials
      3. Book III: Selections
      4. Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing
      5. Book V: Working with Layers
      6. Book VI: Channels and Masks
      7. Book VII: Filters and Distortions
      8. Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration
      9. Book IX: Photoshop and Print
      10. About the Web Site
    3. Conventions Used in This Book
    4. Icons Used in This Book
  6. I. Photoshop Fundamentals
    1. 1. Examining the Photoshop Environment
      1. 1.1. Launching Photoshop and Customizing the Desktop
        1. 1.1.1. Setting display settings with the Window menu
        2. 1.1.2. Setting up the status bar
      2. 1.2. Playing with Panels
      3. 1.3. Working with Your First Photoshop File
        1. 1.3.1. Opening, printing, and saving files
        2. 1.3.2. Making selections
        3. 1.3.3. Making simple image edits
        4. 1.3.4. Adjusting size, color, and contrast
        5. 1.3.5. Creating layers
        6. 1.3.6. Applying filters
        7. 1.3.7. Unifying with the new Application bar
        8. 1.3.8. Simplifying your edits with the Options bar
        9. 1.3.9. Viewing and navigating the image
        10. 1.3.10. Introducing Adobe ConnectNow
    2. 2. Getting to Know the Tools Panel
      1. 2.1. Turning On the Tools Panel
        1. 2.1.1. Selecting tools
        2. 2.1.2. Getting to know your tools
      2. 2.2. Introducing the Photoshop Tools
        1. 2.2.1. Using selection tools
        2. 2.2.2. Creating and modifying paths
        3. 2.2.3. Using painting tools
        4. 2.2.4. Using tools for cloning and healing
        5. 2.2.5. Creating effects with typographical tools
        6. 2.2.6. Using focus and toning tools
        7. 2.2.7. Creating shapes
        8. 2.2.8. Viewing, navigating, sampling, and annotating tools
        9. 2.2.9. Using tools for the Web
      3. 2.3. Saving Time with Tool Presets
        1. 2.3.1. Creating custom tool presets
        2. 2.3.2. Managing your presets
    3. 3. Starting, Finishing, and Getting It on Paper
      1. 3.1. Browsing for Files
      2. 3.2. Opening an Image
        1. 3.2.1. Opening special files
          1. 3.2.1.1. Opening specific files using the Windows OS
          2. 3.2.1.2. Opening specific files using the Mac OS
        2. 3.2.2. Opening as a Smart Object
      3. 3.3. Placing Files
      4. 3.4. Creating a New Image
      5. 3.5. Saving a File
      6. 3.6. Closing and Quitting
      7. 3.7. Getting It on Paper
        1. 3.7.1. Taking a look at printers
        2. 3.7.2. Printing an image
          1. 3.7.2.1. Page setup in Microsoft Windows
          2. 3.7.2.2. Page setup in the Mac OS
        3. 3.7.3. Setting printing options
    4. 4. Viewing and Navigating Images
      1. 4.1. Looking at the Image Window
      2. 4.2. Zooming In and Out of Image Windows
        1. 4.2.1. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts
        2. 4.2.2. Using the Zoom tool
        3. 4.2.3. Other ways to zoom
        4. 4.2.4. Handling the Hand tool
        5. 4.2.5. Rotating with the new Rotate View tool
      3. 4.3. Cruising with the Navigator Panel
      4. 4.4. Choosing a Screen Mode
      5. 4.5. Getting Precise Layout Results
        1. 4.5.1. Creating guides
        2. 4.5.2. Using guides
        3. 4.5.3. Using grids
      6. 4.6. Measuring On-Screen
        1. 4.6.1.
          1. 4.6.1.1. Measuring an object
          2. 4.6.1.2. Measuring an angle
      7. 4.7. Using the Info Panel
      8. 4.8. Working with Extras
      9. 4.9. Managing Images with Adobe Bridge
        1. 4.9.1. Brief anatomy of Bridge
        2. 4.9.2. Configuring the Bridge window
        3. 4.9.3. Using the Menu bar and buttons
          1. 4.9.3.1. File menu
          2. 4.9.3.2. Edit menu
          3. 4.9.3.3. View menu
          4. 4.9.3.4. Stacks menu
          5. 4.9.3.5. Label menu
          6. 4.9.3.6. Tools menu
          7. 4.9.3.7. Window menu
        4. 4.9.4. Using keywords
      10. 4.10. Creating PDF Presentations
      11. 4.11. Creating a Web Gallery
    5. 5. Customizing Your Workspace and Preferences
      1. 5.1. Creating Workspace Presets
      2. 5.2. Saving and Deleting Workspace Presets
      3. 5.3. Customizing Keyboard Shortcuts
      4. 5.4. Customizing Menus
      5. 5.5. Setting Your Preferences
        1. 5.5.1. Setting general preferences
        2. 5.5.2. Customizing the interface
        3. 5.5.3. Deciding how you want files handled
        4. 5.5.4. Handling performance options
        5. 5.5.5. Adjusting your cursors
        6. 5.5.6. Adjusting transparency and gamut
        7. 5.5.7. Setting measurement preferences
        8. 5.5.8. Setting up guides, grids, and slices
        9. 5.5.9. Adding plug-ins
        10. 5.5.10. Specifying type options
      6. 5.6. Using the Preset Manager
  7. II. Image Essentials
    1. 1. Specifying Size and Resolution
      1. 1.1. Putting Images under the Microscope
        1. 1.1.1. Vector images
        2. 1.1.2. Raster images
      2. 1.2. Viewing Raster Images On-Screen
      3. 1.3. Using the Image Size Command
      4. 1.4. Resampling Images
        1. 1.4.1. Adding pixels to an image
        2. 1.4.2. Taking pixels out of an image
      5. 1.5. Changing the Canvas Size
      6. 1.6. Cropping an Image
        1. 1.6.1. Using the Crop tool
        2. 1.6.2. Cropping with the Marquee tool
        3. 1.6.3. Using the Trim command
        4. 1.6.4. Using the Crop and Straighten Photo Command
    2. 2. Choosing Color Modes and File Formats
      1. 2.1. Selecting a Color Mode
        1. 2.1.1. RGB Color
        2. 2.1.2. CMYK Color
        3. 2.1.3. Grayscale
        4. 2.1.4. Monotone, Duotone, Tritone, and Quadtone
        5. 2.1.5. Indexed Color
        6. 2.1.6. Lab Color
        7. 2.1.7. Bitmap
        8. 2.1.8. Multichannel
      2. 2.2. Converting to a Different Color Mode
        1. 2.2.1. Converting from RGB to CMYK
        2. 2.2.2. Converting to grayscale
          1. 2.2.2.1. Quick-and-dirty method
          2. 2.2.2.2. Lab Color mode method
          3. 2.2.2.3. Best channel method
        3. 2.2.3. Using the Conditional Mode Change command
      3. 2.3. Choosing the Right File Format
        1. 2.3.1. TIFF
          1. 2.3.1.1. Image Compression
          2. 2.3.1.2. Pixel Order
          3. 2.3.1.3. Byte Order
          4. 2.3.1.4. Save Image Pyramid
          5. 2.3.1.5. Save Transparency
          6. 2.3.1.6. Layer Compression
        2. 2.3.2. JPEG
        3. 2.3.3. JPEG 2000
        4. 2.3.4. GIF
        5. 2.3.5. EPS
        6. 2.3.6. PDF: The universal donor
        7. 2.3.7. Photoshop
        8. 2.3.8. Photoshop Raw
        9. 2.3.9. Camera Raw
        10. 2.3.10. PICT
        11. 2.3.11. BMP
        12. 2.3.12. Large Document Format (PSB)
    3. 3. Using and Managing Color
      1. 3.1. Dealing with Foreground and Background Colors
      2. 3.2. Defining Color
        1. 3.2.1. Poking around Color Picker
        2. 3.2.2. Mixing with the Color panel
        3. 3.2.3. Grabbing color from the Swatches panel
        4. 3.2.4. Lifting and sampling color
        5. 3.2.5. Using the Color Sampler tool to measure color
      3. 3.3. Finding and Sharing Color Themes with Kuler
      4. 3.4. Color Management Essentials
        1. 3.4.1. Setting up your work environment
        2. 3.4.2. Calibrating your monitor
      5. 3.5. Establishing Your Settings
        1. 3.5.1. Handling Photoshop's predefined settings
        2. 3.5.2. Indicating your working spaces
          1. 3.5.2.1. RGB working spaces
          2. 3.5.2.2. CMYK working spaces
          3. 3.5.2.3. Grayscale working spaces
          4. 3.5.2.4. Spot working spaces
        3. 3.5.3. Working with your newly defined settings
        4. 3.5.4. Setting color-management policies
      6. 3.6. Getting Consistent Color among Adobe Applications
      7. 3.7. Proofing Colors in the Final Output (Soft Proofing)
    4. 4. Time Travel — Undoing in Photoshop
      1. 4.1. Undoing What's Done with the Undo Command
      2. 4.2. Reverting to What's Saved
      3. 4.3. Working with the Almighty History Panel
        1. 4.3.1. Understanding states and snapshots
        2. 4.3.2. Introducing History panel options and tools
      4. 4.4. Viewing an Image's Various States
        1. 4.4.1. Going back to a particular state
        2. 4.4.2. Reviewing your image at different states
        3. 4.4.3. Purging and clearing all states
        4. 4.4.4. Navigating the history list
      5. 4.5. Looking at the History Options Dialog Box
      6. 4.6. Taking Snapshots
      7. 4.7. Restoring Part of an Image
        1. 4.7.1. Using the Eraser with the Erase to History option
        2. 4.7.2. Using the History Brush tool
        3. 4.7.3. Using the Fill with History feature
        4. 4.7.4. Using the Art History Brush tool
    5. 5. Creating Actions for Productivity and Fun
      1. 5.1. Using the Actions Panel
      2. 5.2. Introducing Preset Actions
        1. 5.2.1. Loading preset actions
        2. 5.2.2. Playing a preset action
      3. 5.3. Creating a New Action
      4. 5.4. Editing and Managing Actions
        1. 5.4.1. Re-recording an action
        2. 5.4.2. Editing an action
      5. 5.5. Creating and Saving Actions Sets
      6. 5.6. Batch Processing Actions
      7. 5.7. Creating Droplets
  8. III. Selections
    1. 1. Making Selections
      1. 1.1. Defining Selections
      2. 1.2. Marqueeing When You Can
        1. 1.2.1. Using the Rectangular Marquee tool
        2. 1.2.2. Using the Elliptical Marquee tool
        3. 1.2.3. Using the Single Column and Single Row Marquee tools
        4. 1.2.4. Using the Marquee options
      3. 1.3. Lassoing (When You Can't Marquee)
        1. 1.3.1. Selecting straight sides with the Polygonal Lasso tool
        2. 1.3.2. Attracting with the Magnetic Lasso tool
        3. 1.3.3. Adjusting the Magnetic Lasso options
      4. 1.4. Performing Wand Wizardry
        1. 1.4.1. Selecting with the Magic Wand tool
        2. 1.4.2. Setting your tolerance
        3. 1.4.3. Using the Magic Wand Options bar
      5. 1.5. Saving Time with the Quick Selection Tool
    2. 2. Creating and Working with Paths
      1. 2.1. Introducing Paths
      2. 2.2. Creating a Path with the Pen Tool
        1. 2.2.1. Knowing your Pen tool options
        2. 2.2.2. Creating your first work path
        3. 2.2.3. Drawing curves
        4. 2.2.4. Connecting a straight segment to a curve segment
        5. 2.2.5. Connecting curve segments with cusp points
        6. 2.2.6. Closing a path
        7. 2.2.7. Creating subpaths
      3. 2.3. Working with the Paths Panel
        1. 2.3.1. Creating a path
        2. 2.3.2. Creating a new path
        3. 2.3.3. Saving a work path
        4. 2.3.4. Deleting, duplicating, and renaming a path
        5. 2.3.5. Stroking a path
        6. 2.3.6. Filling a path
      4. 2.4. Loading Paths as Selections
      5. 2.5. Turning a Selection into a Path
      6. 2.6. Using the Kinder Freeform Pen
        1. 2.6.1. Curve Fit
        2. 2.6.2. Magnetic
        3. 2.6.3. Width, Contrast, Frequency, and Pen Pressure
      7. 2.7. Creating Paths without the Pen
      8. 2.8. Editing Paths
      9. 2.9. Using the Options Bar
    3. 3. Modifying and Transforming Selections and Paths
      1. 3.1. Achieving Selection Perfection
        1. 3.1.1. Adding to a selection
        2. 3.1.2. Subtracting from a selection
        3. 3.1.3. Intersecting two selections
      2. 3.2. Getting the Keys to Behave
      3. 3.3. Using the Select Menu
        1. 3.3.1. Selecting all or nothing
        2. 3.3.2. Reselecting a selection
        3. 3.3.3. Swapping a selection
        4. 3.3.4. Feathering a selection
        5. 3.3.5. Using the other Modify commands
        6. 3.3.6. Applying the Grow and Similar commands
      4. 3.4. Moving and Cloning Selections
        1. 3.4.1. Cloning
        2. 3.4.2. Moving the selection outline, but not the pixels
      5. 3.5. Transforming Pixels
      6. 3.6. Transforming Selection Marquees
      7. 3.7. Using Content-Aware Scaling
      8. 3.8. Transforming Paths
  9. IV. Painting, Drawing, and Typing
    1. 1. Painting and Drawing with Photoshop
      1. 1.1. Introducing the Pencil and Brush Tools
        1. 1.1.1. Finding out what the Pencil tool does
        2. 1.1.2. Using the Pencil tool
        3. 1.1.3. Painting with the Brush tool
        4. 1.1.4. Working with the Brushes panel
        5. 1.1.5. Choosing a brush-tip shape
        6. 1.1.6. Using the preset brushes
        7. 1.1.7. Viewing preset brushes
      2. 1.2. Drawing with Vector Shapes
        1. 1.2.1. Drawing a preset shape
        2. 1.2.2. Drawing multiple shapes in a shape layer
        3. 1.2.3. Setting Geometry options
          1. 1.2.3.1. Rectangular-shape Geometry options
          2. 1.2.3.2. Elliptical-shape Geometry options
          3. 1.2.3.3. Polygonal-shape Geometry options
          4. 1.2.3.4. Line Geometry options
          5. 1.2.3.5. Custom-shape Geometry options
        4. 1.2.4. Creating your own custom shape
        5. 1.2.5. Using vector masks
        6. 1.2.6. Manipulating shapes
    2. 2. Filling and Stroking
      1. 2.1. Filling a Selection with a Solid Color
      2. 2.2. Filling Options and Tips
      3. 2.3. Pouring with the Paint Bucket Tool
      4. 2.4. Stroking a Selection
      5. 2.5. Working with Gradients
        1. 2.5.1. Applying a preset gradient to a selection
        2. 2.5.2. Customizing and editing gradients
        3. 2.5.3. Adding transparency to a gradient
      6. 2.6. Managing and Saving Gradients
      7. 2.7. Working with Patterns
        1. 2.7.1. Applying a preset pattern
        2. 2.7.2. Creating a new pattern
    3. 3. Creating and Editing Type
      1. 3.1. Selecting a Type Mode
      2. 3.2. Understanding Different Kinds of Type
      3. 3.3. Exploring the Type Tools
      4. 3.4. Entering Text in Point Type Mode
      5. 3.5. Entering Text in Paragraph Type Mode
      6. 3.6. Creating Type on or in a Path
      7. 3.7. Using the Options Bar
      8. 3.8. Working with the Character Panel
        1. 3.8.1. Leading
        2. 3.8.2. Tracking
        3. 3.8.3. Kerning
        4. 3.8.4. Vertical and Horizontal Scale
        5. 3.8.5. Baseline shift and text attributes
      9. 3.9. Working with the Paragraph Panel
        1. 3.9.1. Changing paragraph alignment
        2. 3.9.2. Changing paragraph justification
        3. 3.9.3. Changing paragraph indentation
        4. 3.9.4. Changing spacing between paragraphs
        5. 3.9.5. Breaking long words across two lines
      10. 3.10. Editing Text
        1. 3.10.1. Finding and replacing text
        2. 3.10.2. Checking your spelling
      11. 3.11. Masking, Shaping, and Warping Type
        1. 3.11.1. Playing with type layer opacity
        2. 3.11.2. Creating fade effects
        3. 3.11.3. Creating type outlines
        4. 3.11.4. Rasterizing your type layer
        5. 3.11.5. Transforming type into vector shapes and paths
        6. 3.11.6. Wreaking havoc on your type
  10. V. Working with Layers
    1. 1. Creating Layers
      1. 1.1. Getting to Know the Layers Panel
      2. 1.2. Looking at the Background and Layers
      3. 1.3. Introducing Different Types of Layers
        1. 1.3.1. Using plain vanilla layers
        2. 1.3.2. Using adjustment layers
          1. 1.3.2.1. Editing adjustment layers
          2. 1.3.2.2. Isolating your adjustments
        3. 1.3.3. Taking advantage of fill layers
        4. 1.3.4. Making use of shape layers
        5. 1.3.5. Using type layers
      4. 1.4. Making Layers
        1. 1.4.1. Creating a new layer
        2. 1.4.2. Using Layer via Copy and Layer via Cut
        3. 1.4.3. Duplicating layers
      5. 1.5. Compositing with Multiple Images
        1. 1.5.1. Copying and pasting images
        2. 1.5.2. Dragging and dropping layers
        3. 1.5.3. Using the Paste Into command
      6. 1.6. Transforming Layers
      7. 1.7. Auto-Align Layers
      8. 1.8. Auto-Blend Layers
    2. 2. Managing Layers
      1. 2.1. Rearranging Layers
      2. 2.2. Moving Layer Elements
      3. 2.3. Aligning and Distributing Layers
      4. 2.4. Linking Layers
      5. 2.5. Locking Layers
      6. 2.6. Color-Coding Layers
      7. 2.7. Creating Layer Groups
      8. 2.8. Flattening and Merging Layers
        1. 2.8.1. Merging layers
        2. 2.8.2. Flattening layers
      9. 2.9. Working with the Layer Comps Panel
    3. 3. Playing with Opacity and Blend Modes
      1. 3.1. Adjusting Layer Opacity
      2. 3.2. Adjusting the Fill Opacity
      3. 3.3. Creating Effects with Blend Modes
        1. 3.3.1. General blend modes
        2. 3.3.2. Blend modes that darken
        3. 3.3.3. Blend modes that lighten
        4. 3.3.4. Lighting blend modes
        5. 3.3.5. Blend modes that invert
        6. 3.3.6. HSL color model blend modes
      4. 3.4. Working with the Advanced Blending Options
        1. 3.4.1. Advanced options to blend with
        2. 3.4.2. Blend If options
    4. 4. Getting Jazzy with Layer Styles and Clipping Groups
      1. 4.1. Layer Styles Basics
      2. 4.2. Introducing the Many Layer Styles
      3. 4.3. Applying a Layer Effect
      4. 4.4. Managing and Editing Layer Styles
        1. 4.4.1. Managing layer styles
        2. 4.4.2. Editing drop shadow or inner shadow effects
        3. 4.4.3. Changing default inner and outer glow effects
      5. 4.5. Editing Bevel and Emboss Effects
        1. 4.5.1. Structure
        2. 4.5.2. Shading
        3. 4.5.3. Texture
        4. 4.5.4. Contour
      6. 4.6. Editing Satin Effects
      7. 4.7. Changing Overlay Effects
      8. 4.8. Changing Stroke Effects
      9. 4.9. Playing with Contours
        1. 4.9.1. Adjusting contour settings
        2. 4.9.2. Modifying contours with the Contour Editor
      10. 4.10. Applying and Modifying Preset Styles
        1. 4.10.1. Managing preset styles
        2. 4.10.2. Saving your own style
      11. 4.11. Clipping Layers into Masks
    5. 5. Working with Smart Objects
      1. 5.1. Introducing Smart Objects
      2. 5.2. Creating Smart Objects
        1. 5.2.1. Placing artwork
        2. 5.2.2. Copying and pasting
        3. 5.2.3. Converting a layer into a Smart Object and vice versa
        4. 5.2.4. Creating one Smart Object from another
      3. 5.3. Editing Smart Objects
        1. 5.3.1. Replacing contents
        2. 5.3.2. Exporting contents
  11. VI. Channels and Masks
    1. 1. Using Channels
      1. 1.1. Understanding Channels
      2. 1.2. Working with Channels
        1. 1.2.1. Viewing channels without a remote
        2. 1.2.2. Changing the default channel view
        3. 1.2.3. Duplicating and deleting channels
          1. 1.2.3.1. Duplicating channels
          2. 1.2.3.2. Replacing one channel over another
          3. 1.2.3.3. Deleting unwanted channels
        4. 1.2.4. Rearranging and renaming channels
        5. 1.2.5. Splitting channels
        6. 1.2.6. Merging channels
      3. 1.3. Using Painting and Editing Tools with Channels
      4. 1.4. Introducing Alpha Channels
        1. 1.4.1. Saving a selection as an alpha channel
        2. 1.4.2. Loading an alpha channel
      5. 1.5. Using the Channel Mixer
    2. 2. Quick-and-Dirty Masking
      1. 2.1. Working with Quick Masks
      2. 2.2. Using the Color Range Command
        1. 2.2.1. Starting with Color Range basics
        2. 2.2.2. Executing the Color Range command
      3. 2.3. Selective Erasing with the Eraser Tools
        1. 2.3.1. Erasing to the background or transparency
        2. 2.3.2. Selecting and erasing by color
        3. 2.3.3. Removing an image's background
    3. 3. Getting Exact with Advanced Masking Techniques
      1. 3.1. Introducing the Masks Panel
      2. 3.2. Working with Layer Masks
        1. 3.2.1. Creating layer masks
        2. 3.2.2. Using the Gradient and Brush tools on a layer mask
        3. 3.2.3. Managing layer masks
      3. 3.3. Creating and Editing Vector Masks
        1. 3.3.1. Adding a vector mask to a layer
        2. 3.3.2. Managing vector masks
      4. 3.4. Creating Channel Masks
  12. VII. Filters and Distortions
    1. 1. Making Corrections with Daily Filters
      1. 1.1. You Say You Want a Convolution?
        1. 1.1.1. Corrective and destructive filters
        2. 1.1.2. Filter basics
      2. 1.2. Introducing Smart Filters
      3. 1.3. Sharpening What's Soft
        1. 1.3.1. Sharpen
        2. 1.3.2. Sharpen More
        3. 1.3.3. Sharpen Edges
        4. 1.3.4. Smart Sharpen
        5. 1.3.5. Unsharp Mask
      4. 1.4. Blurring What's Sharp
      5. 1.5. Smoothing with the Facet and Median Filters
        1. 1.5.1. The Facet filter
        2. 1.5.2. The Median filter
      6. 1.6. Applying a Filter Again
      7. 1.7. Fading a Filter
      8. 1.8. Selectively Applying a Filter
    2. 2. Applying Filters for Special Occasions
      1. 2.1. Working in the Filter Gallery
      2. 2.2. Getting Artsy
      3. 2.3. Stroking Your Image with Filters
      4. 2.4. Distorting for Fun
      5. 2.5. Pumping Up the Noise
      6. 2.6. Pumping Down the Noise
      7. 2.7. Breaking Your Image into Pieces
      8. 2.8. Rendering
        1. 2.8.1. Using the Clouds filter
        2. 2.8.2. Creating fibers
        3. 2.8.3. Using other rendering filters
      9. 2.9. Getting Organic with the Sketch Filters
      10. 2.10. Adding Texture
      11. 2.11. Looking at the Other Filters
    3. 3. Distorting with the Liquify Command
      1. 3.1. Exploring the Liquify Window
        1. 3.1.1. The painting tools
        2. 3.1.2. The other tools
      2. 3.2. The Options Areas
      3. 3.3. Transforming an Image
      4. 3.4. Mastering Freezing and Thawing
      5. 3.5. Reconstructing an Image
      6. 3.6. Extending and Cloning Distortions
        1. 3.6.1. Reconstruct modes
        2. 3.6.2. More Reconstruct modes
        3. 3.6.3. Using Displace, Amplitwist, and Affine
  13. VIII. Retouching and Restoration
    1. 1. Enhancing Images with Adjustments
      1. 1.1. Introducing the Histogram Panel
      2. 1.2. Choosing Automatic Color Correctors
        1. 1.2.1. Auto Tone
        2. 1.2.2. Auto Color
        3. 1.2.3. Auto Contrast
      3. 1.3. Setting Auto Color Correction Options
      4. 1.4. Using Simple Color Correctors
        1. 1.4.1. Applying Brightness/Contrast
        2. 1.4.2. Tweaking with the Color Balance controls
      5. 1.5. Fixing Lighting with Shadow/Highlight
      6. 1.6. Adjusting Exposure
      7. 1.7. Correcting Colorcast with Variations
      8. 1.8. Washing Out Color with Desaturate
      9. 1.9. Working with Professional Color Correctors
        1. 1.9.1. Leveling for better contrast
        2. 1.9.2. Setting black and white points manually
        3. 1.9.3. Adjusting curves for hard-to-correct photos
          1. 1.9.3.1. Working with the Curves dialog box
          2. 1.9.3.2. Adjusting curves
        4. 1.9.4. Converting to Black & White
        5. 1.9.5. Getting colorful with Hue/Saturation
        6. 1.9.6. Using the Colorize option
        7. 1.9.7. Pumping up the Vibrance
      10. 1.10. Matching Color between Documents
      11. 1.11. Switching Colors with Replace Color
      12. 1.12. Increasing and Decreasing Color
        1. 1.12.1. Using the Selective Color command
        2. 1.12.2. Using gradient maps
        3. 1.12.3. Adding color with photo filters
        4. 1.12.4. Playing with the color mappers
          1. 1.12.4.1. Invert
          2. 1.12.4.2. Equalize
          3. 1.12.4.3. Threshold
          4. 1.12.4.4. Posterize
    2. 2. Repairing with Focus and Toning Tools
      1. 2.1. Lightening and Darkening with Dodge and Burn Tools
      2. 2.2. Turning Down the Color with the Sponge Tool
      3. 2.3. Smoothing with the Smudge Tool
      4. 2.4. Softening with the Blur Tool
      5. 2.5. Cranking Up the Focus with the Sharpen Tool
    3. 3. Fixing Flaws and Removing What's Not Wanted
      1. 3.1. Cloning with the Clone Stamp Tool
        1. 3.1.1. Using the Clone Stamp tool
        2. 3.1.2. Tips for excellent cloning results
      2. 3.2. Digital Bandaging with the Healing Brush Tool
      3. 3.3. Patching without Seams
      4. 3.4. Zeroing In with the Spot Healing Brush
      5. 3.5. Colorizing with the Color Replacement Tool
      6. 3.6. Getting Rid of Dreaded Red Eye
      7. 3.7. Working with Vanishing Point
  14. IX. Photoshop and Print
    1. 1. Prepping Graphics for Print
      1. 1.1. Getting the Right Resolution, Mode, and Format
        1. 1.1.1. Resolution and modes
        2. 1.1.2. Screen frequencies
        3. 1.1.3. File formats
      2. 1.2. Working with a Service Bureau
        1. 1.2.1. Getting the ball rolling
      3. 1.3. Using a prepress checklist
      4. 1.4. Saving and Printing Vector Data in a Raster File
      5. 1.5. Choosing Color Management Print Options
      6. 1.6. Getting Four-Color Separations
      7. 1.7. Creating Spot Color Separations
        1. 1.7.1. Creating a spot channel
        2. 1.7.2. Editing a spot channel
    2. 2. Using Photomerge and Merge to HDR
      1. 2.1. Using the Photomerge Command
      2. 2.2. Using the Merge to HDR Command
    3. Bonus Chapter 1. Prepping Web Graphics
      1. BC1.1. Understanding Basic Web Optimization
        1. BC1.1.1. Choosing a resolution
        2. BC1.1.2. Picking a resolution (and sticking with it)
        3. BC1.1.3. Selecting a color mode
        4. BC1.1.4. Understanding file formats
      2. BC1.2. Choosing the Right File Format
        1. BC1.2.1. GIF pros and cons
        2. BC1.2.2. JPEG pros and cons
        3. BC1.2.3. JPEG 2000 pros and cons
        4. BC1.2.4. Saving a file as JPEG 2000
        5. BC1.2.5. PNG pros and cons
      3. BC1.3. Using a Web-Safe Panel and Hexadecimal Colors
        1. BC1.3.1. Selecting individual Web-safe colors
        2. BC1.3.2. So, what are hexadecimal colors?
      4. BC1.4. Keeping Color Consistent in Web Images
      5. BC1.5. Making Type Look Good On-Screen
        1. BC1.5.1. Anti-aliasing
        2. BC1.5.2. Fractional width/system layout
        3. BC1.5.3. Faux styles
      6. BC1.6. Optimizing Images with Save for Web & Devices
        1. BC1.6.1. Exploring the Save for Web & Devices dialog box
          1. BC1.6.1.1. Tools panel and image preview
          2. BC1.6.1.2. Change settings
          3. BC1.6.1.3. Introducing Preview options
        2. BC1.6.2. Optimizing your image
          1. BC1.6.2.1. JPEG options
          2. BC1.6.2.2. GIF options
            1. BC1.6.2.2.1. File format
            2. BC1.6.2.2.2. Color Reduction algorithm
            3. BC1.6.2.2.3. Dithering algorithm
            4. BC1.6.2.2.4. Transparency and matte
            5. BC1.6.2.2.5. Transparency dithering
            6. BC1.6.2.2.6. Interlaced
            7. BC1.6.2.2.7. Lossy
            8. BC1.6.2.2.8. Colors
            9. BC1.6.2.2.9. Web Snap
          3. BC1.6.2.3. PNG options
          4. BC1.6.2.4. Image size
          5. BC1.6.2.5. Optimizing colors
    4. Bonus Chapter 1. Slicing Web Images
      1. BC2.1. Why Slice?
      2. BC2.2. Slicing Up Images
        1. BC2.2.1. Types of slices
        2. BC2.2.2. Creating slices
        3. BC2.2.3. Slicing options
      3. BC2.3. Selecting and Modifying Slices
        1. BC2.3.1. Showing/hiding slices and slice numbers
        2. BC2.3.2. Changing the color of the lines
        3. BC2.3.3. Selecting slices
        4. BC2.3.4. Resizing and moving slices
        5. BC2.3.5. Dividing a slice
        6. BC2.3.6. Stacking slices
      4. BC2.4. Setting Slice Options
      5. BC2.5. Saving Your Slices
    5. Bonus Chapter 3. Other Sources of Information
      1. BC3.1. Applying Notes
        1. BC3.1.1. Creating a note
        2. BC3.1.2. Importing and exporting PDF files with notes
      2. BC3.2. Working with Metadata
        1. BC3.2.1. Camera Data (EXIF)
        2. BC3.2.2. File Properties
        3. BC3.2.3. IPTC Core
        4. BC3.2.4. GPS
        5. BC3.2.5. Camera Raw
        6. BC3.2.6. Audio
        7. BC3.2.7. Video
        8. BC3.2.8. Edit History
      3. BC3.3. Accessing Help When You Need It