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Photonic Signals and Systems: An Introduction

Book Description

Build the skills needed to engineer next-generation systems using lightPhotonic Signals and Systems: An Introduction presents essential and current knowledge of light applied in the design of innovative photonic systems that engage both optical and electrical signals.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. About the Author
  3. Photonic Signals and Systems
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. Foreword
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. 1 Introduction
    1. Why You Should Read This Book
    2. The Book Subject: Photonic Signals and Systems
    3. Applications
    4. The Concluded Learning Experience
  10. 2 Nature of Light
    1. Light Propagation
    2. Nature of Light from Its Early Beginnings
    3. Negative Refractive Index
    4. Photon: The Light Particle and Its Application—Photonics
    5. Mechanical Motion of Matter with Light
    6. Optoelectronics: Photons and Electrons
    7. The Laser
    8. The Fundamental Forces of Matter and Photonics
    9. Problems
    10. Additional Reading
  11. 3 Electromagnetic Waves, Light, and Polarization
    1. Electromagnetic Waves and Polarization
    2. Mathematical Formalization of Traveling Waves
    3. EM Radiation, Media, and Polarization
    4. Maxwell’s Equations for Traveling Waves and Polarization
    5. Real- and Complex-Wave Representations
    6. Complex Index of Refraction and Evanescent (Surface) Waves
    7. Total Internal Reflection and the Evanescent Wave
    8. Group Velocity and Dispersion
    9. Polarization Representations
    10. Problems
    11. Additional Reading
  12. 4 Interference, Coherence, and Diffraction
    1. Interference
    2. Interference in the RF Regime of the EM Spectrum
    3. Interference in the Optical Regime of the EM Spectrum
    4. Interference of Two Optical Beams
    5. Visualizing Coherence of a Wave
    6. Plane-Wave Interference via the Plane-Wave Function
    7. Heterodyne Interferometry—RF Generation via Photo-Detection
    8. Diffraction
    9. Problems
  13. 5 Optical Building Blocks: Components
    1. Acousto-Optic Devices
    2. Liquid Crystal Devices
    3. Mechanical Devices
    4. Fiber-Optic Devices
    5. Planar-Optics and Integrated-Optic (Waveguide) Devices
    6. Problems
  14. 6 Photonic Systems Using Optical Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems Devices
    1. Design Problem 6.1: Digital Micromirror Device-Based All-Digital-Mode Laser-Beam-Profiler
    2. Design Problem 6.2: Input-Power Fluctuations Insensitive DMD-Based Profiler
    3. Design Problem 6.3: DMD-Based Profiler Non-Gaussian Laser-Beam Profiling
    4. Design Problem 6.4: DMD-Based Profiler Incoherent-Light 2D Imaging
    5. Design Problem 6.5: DMD-Based Profiler Incoherent-Light 3D Imaging
    6. Design Problem 6.6: M2 Measurement Method to Characterize Non-Gaussian Beams
    7. Design Problem 6.7: High-Dynamic-Range Broadband Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator
    8. Design Problem 6.8: High-Dynamic-Range Broadband Fiber-Optic VOA with Graceful Beam Control
    9. Design Problem 6.9: Fault-Tolerant 100-Percent-Reliable Broadband Fiber-Optic VOA
    10. Design Problem 6.10: Fault-Tolerant High-Dynamic-Range Fiber-Optic VOA
    11. Design Problem 6.11: Fault-Tolerant Fiber-Optic Multiwavelength Equalizer
    12. Design Problem 6.12: Continuous-Spectrum DMD-Based Equalizer
    13. Design Problem 6.13: Digital Micromirror Device-Based Multi-Wavelength Add-Drop Routing Module
    14. Design Problem 6.14: Array of One-by-Two Fiber-Optic Switches and VOAs
    15. Design Problem 6.15: Long Time Delay and High-Resolution Photonic-Delay Line
    16. Design Problem 6.16: Switchless Long Time Delay and High-Resolution Photonic-Delay Line
    17. Design Problem 6.17: All-Optical Coder/Decoder Using Wavelengths and DMD
    18. Design Problem 6.18: Large-Scale Low-Loss Fiber-Optic Switch (Cross-Connect)
    19. Problems
    20. Additional Reading
  15. 7 Photonic Systems Using Acousto-Optic Devices
    1. Design Problem 7.1: High-Stability AO Interferometer for Test and Measurement
    2. Design Problem 7.2: High-Stability 1D Spatial-Scanning AO Interferometer
    3. Design Problem 7.3: Frequency-Coded RF Phased-Array Antenna Beam Steering
    4. Design Problem 7.4: Full Calibration RF Phased-Array Antenna Beam Steering
    5. Design Problem 7.5: Instantaneous Operation Wideband RF-Spectrum Analyzer
    6. Design Problem 7.6: Efficient Free-Space to Single-Mode Fiber (SMF) Light Coupling
    7. Design Problem 7.7: Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA) Using Single AOD
    8. Design Problem 7.8: High-Dynamic-Range Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA) Using an AOD
    9. Design Problem 7.9: High-Dynamic-Range Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA) Using AODs
    10. Design Problem 7.10: Bulk AOTF-Based Multi-Wavelength Variable Optical Attenuator (MVOA)
    11. Design Problem 7.11: Analog RF Transversal Filter Design Using AOTF
    12. Problems
    13. Additional Reading
  16. 8 Photonic Systems Using Liquid Crystal and Liquid Devices
    1. Design Problem 8.1: Liquid Crystal Analog Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA)
    2. Design Problem 8.2: Liquid-Crystal-Based Polarization Dependent-Loss (PDL) Compensator
    3. Design Problem 8.3: Liquid Crystal Deflector Fiber-Optic VOA
    4. Design Problem 8.4: Wavelength-Tunable Fiber-Optic VOA Using Liquid Crystal Controls
    5. Design Problem 8.5: Multi-Wavelength Wavelength Fiber-Optic VOA Using Liquid Crystal Controls
    6. Design Problem 8.6: Liquid Crystal Freespace 1 × 2 Switch Using Cube PBS
    7. Design Problem 8.7: Higher-Performance LC Freespace 1 × 2 Switch Using Cube PBS
    8. Design Problem 8.8: Low-Noise LC 1-Bit Freespace TDU Using PBSs
    9. Design Problem 8.9: SMF Optical TDU Using LC Polarization Control
    10. Design Problem 8.10: 2 × 2 Fiber-Optic Switch Using LC Devices and Cube PBSs
    11. Design Problem 8.11: Fast Reset-Speed Variable Focal-Length Lens Using LCs
    12. Design Problem 8.12: Zero Propagation-Loss Variable-Link Distance Optical Wireless Communications
    13. Design Problem 8.13: Fast 3D Optical Sensing and Imaging
    14. Design Problem 8.14: Fast 1D Optical Sensing and Imaging Using Multiple Wavelengths
    15. Design Problem 8.15: Fast 1D Interferometric Optical Sensing and Imaging Using Multiple Wavelengths
    16. Design Problem 8.16: Intracavity Sensing and Imaging Using Multiple Wavelengths
    17. Design Problem 8.17: Smart High-Resolution Laser-Scanning Display
    18. Design Problem 8.18: Optical Distance Sensor Without Time Processing
    19. Problems
    20. Additional Reading
  17. 9 Optical Experiments
    1. Experiment 9.1: Laser Beams
    2. Experiment 9.2: Incoherent-Light Imaging
    3. Experiment 9.3: Coherent-Light Focusing
    4. Experiment 9.4: Coherent-Light Imaging
    5. Experiment 9.5: Coherent-Light Fourier Transforms
    6. Experiment 9.6: Optical-Phase Retardation
    7. Experiment 9.7: Free-Space Optical Switching Using Polarization
    8. Experiment 9.8: Acousto-Optical Modulation of Laser Beams
    9. Experiment 9.9: Acousto-Optical Interferometry of Laser Beams
    10. Experiment 9.10: Optical Fibers and Fiber Lenses and Mirrors
  18. Problem Solutions
  19. Index