To determine the partition coefficient of benzoic acid between water and benzene at room temperature and the molecular state of benzoic acid in benzene as compared to its solution in water.
If the solute associates in the solvents, the distribution law expressed is
where n is the number of solute molecules which associate in solvent 2.
Benzoic acid exists as normal molecules in water and as dimer in benzene. Therefore, should be constant. This can be verified experimentally.
Five reagent ...