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Petrochemical Catalyst Materials, Processes, and Emerging Technologies

Book Description

Technological advancements are leading the way for innovation within the petrochemical industry. New materials discovery and application, process modification and automation, and market and demand changes are just a few of the many changes occurring as a result of technology innovation and integration. Petrochemical Catalyst Materials, Processes, and Emerging Technologies addresses the latest research on emerging technological applications, catalyst materials for fuel upgrading, in addition to safety concerns and considerations within the petrochemical industry. Emphasizing critical research and emerging developments in the field, this publication is an essential resource for engineers, researchers, and graduate level engineering students in the fields of chemical and petroleum engineering.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Preface
  6. Chapter 1: ADMET
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. ADMET
    4. 3. FUNCTIONALIZED POLYOLEFINS BY ADMET
    5. 4. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  7. Chapter 2: Advances in Catalytic Technologies for Selective Oxidation of Lower Alkanes
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SELECTIVE CATAYTIC OXIDATION OF LOWER ALKANES
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  8. Chapter 3: Palladium in Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. PALLADIUM IN OXIDATION CATALYSIS
    4. VINYL ACETATE AND BENZYL ACETATE MANUFACTURE
    5. BENZYL ACETATE SYNTHESIS BY HETEROGENEOUSLY CATALYZED GAS-PHASE ACETOXYLATION OVER Pd-CONTAINING CATALYSTS
    6. MECHANISTIC DISCUSSIONS
    7. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    8. REFERENCES
  9. Chapter 4: Production of Ethylene and its Commercial Importance in the Global Market
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. OLEFIN PRODUCTION
    3. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT (Weissermel & Arpe, 2003)
    4. METHODS FOR OLEFIN SYNTHESIS (Solomons, 1996)
    5. ETHYLENE
    6. PRODUCTION OF ETHYLENE
    7. STEAM CRACKING
    8. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING
    9. OXIDATIVE DEHYDROGENATION OF ETHANE (ODHE)
    10. OTHER ETHYLENE PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    11. METHANOL TO OLEFINS ROUTE
    12. FISCHER-TROPSCH ROUTE
    13. TYPE OF CATALYSTS USED
    14. STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIPS/MECHANISTIC INVESTIGATIONS
    15. OWN RESULTS
    16. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ETHYLENE
    17. FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
    18. SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK
    19. REFRENCES
  10. Chapter 5: Membrane Engineering and its Role in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND AND MAIN FOCUS
    4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    5. REFERENCES
    6. APPENDIX: LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ACRONYMS
  11. Chapter 6: Sustainable Process Integration in the Petrochemical Industries
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE DESIGN THROUGH PROCESS INTEGRATION
    3. 2. OVERVIEW OF THE PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY
    4. 3. OLEFINS
    5. 4. AROMATICS
    6. 5. METHANE MONETIZATION
    7. 6. PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY DRIVERS
    8. 7. EXAMPLES OF PROCESS INTEGRATION
    9. 8. INTEGRATION OPPORTUNITIES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    10. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 7: Safety and Efficiency Enhancement in LNG Terminals
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SAFETY ENHANCEMENT IN LNG TERMINALS
    5. EFFICIENCY ENHANCEMENT IN LNG TERMINALS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
  13. Chapter 8: Advances in Catalytic Conversion of Syngas to Ethanol and Higher Alcohols
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. DEVELOPMENT OF CATALYSTS
    4. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES
    5. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 9: Preparation of Deep Hydrodesulfurzation Catalysts for Diesel Fuel using Organic Matrix Decomposition Method
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. BACKGROUND
    3. 2. EXPERIMENTAL
    4. 3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
    5. 4. CONCLUSION
    6. 5. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 10: Desulphurization of Fuel Oils Using Ionic Liquids
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DESULPHURIZATION OF FUEL OILS
    4. EDS USING ILs
    5. CHALLENGES AND LIMITATION OF ILS IN DESULPHURIZATION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTE
  16. Chapter 11: Catalysis with Room Temperature Ionic Liquids Mediated Metal Nanoparticles
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CATALYSIS WITH IL-INCORPORATED MNPS
    4. SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK
    5. REFERENCES
    6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  17. Chapter 12: Kinetic Models for Complex Parallel–Consecutive Reactions Assessment of Reaction Network and Product Selectivity
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. REACTIONS INVESTIGATED
    4. 3. KINETIC MODELS
    5. 4. DATA APPLICATIONS
    6. 5. DISCUSSION
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  18. Chapter 13: Valorisation of Glycerol to Fine Chemicals and Fuels
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF GLYCEROL
    4. 3. HYDROGENOLYSIS OF GLYCEROL
    5. 4. AQUEOUS-PHASE REFORMING OF GLYCEROL USING SUPPORTED BIMETALLIC NANOPARTICLES
    6. 5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
    7. REFERENCES
  19. Chapter 14: Dual Role of Perovskite Hollow Fiber Membrane in the Methane Oxidation Reactions
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LITERATURE REVIEW
    4. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
    5. GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY CALIBRATIONS
    6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  20. Chapter 15: Preparation, Characterization and Desulfurization of the Supported Nickel Phosphide Catalysts
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. 1. EXPERIMENTAL
    5. 2. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  21. Compilation of References
  22. About the Contributors