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Pervasive Computing for Business: Trends and Applications

Book Description

Pervasive Computing for Business: Trends and Applications examines implications of pervasive computing in order for current and future e-business managers to make responsible decisions regarding where, when, and how to use this technology. With expert international contributions, this collection benefits researchers, academicians, and practitioners interested in this growing field.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Editorial Advisory Board
  3. List of Reviewers
  4. Foreword
  5. Preface
  6. 1. Pervasive Computing Applications in Intelligent Decision Making, Advertising and Emotions Expression
    1. 1. Pervasive Business Intelligence: Opportunities and Challenges
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Pervasive Computing
          1. Devices
          2. Connectivity
          3. User Interfaces
      4. TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS
        1. Deciding on the Granularity of Data
        2. Reducing the Analysis Time
        3. Business Intelligence
        4. Real-Time Business Intelligence
      5. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
        1. Pervasive Business Intelligence
        2. Probable Business Impact
        3. Embedded Services
        4. Implementation Scenarios
          1. Health-Care
          2. Retail
          3. Automobile Industry
            1. Maintenance
            2. Traffic Avoidance and Refueling
      6. COST FACTORS
        1. Data Entry Cost
        2. Power Consumption
        3. Data Storage
      7. PERVASIVE BI PERTINENT ISSUES
        1. Compatibility Issues
        2. Privacy and Security Issues
          1. Technological Measures
      8. SOCIAL ISSUES
        1. Digital Divide
      9. ENVIRONMENTAL & HEALTH RELATED ISSUES
        1. Environment
        2. Health
      10. FUTURE TRENDS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 2. Attention and Pervasive Computing: A Case Study of Online Advertising
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Repetition and Recognition
          1. Ad Types and Recognition
          2. Attention and Recognition
      4. METHODS
        1. Variables and Their Measurement
        2. Data Collection
        3. Apparatus
        4. High-Exposure Experiment
          1. Participants
          2. Stimulus Material and Experimental Design
        5. Low-Exposure Experiment
          1. Participants
          2. Stimulus Material and Experimental Design
        6. Data Analysis
      5. RESULTS
        1. The Recognition Memory Scores
        2. The Response Times in Recognition Memory Test
        3. The Effect of Attention on Recognition of the Ads
        4. Qualitative Free Recall Results
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 3. The Feature Extraction Algorithm for the Production of Emotions in Text-to-Speech (TTS) System for an Indian Regional Language
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
        1. The Method
        2. Bengali TTS
        3. The Algorithm
          1. Bengali Orthography
          2. Complexities in Bengali Language
          3. Steps for Bengali Text to Speech
          4. The Interface
        4. Recording of Speech
        5. Implementation
      5. PROSODIC ANALYSIS
      6. RESULTS
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. 2. Pervasive Computing Enabled Manufacturing and Re-Engineering
    1. 4. Lean Manufacturing Scenario and Role of Pervasive Computing in Indian SMEs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND OBJECTIVES
      4. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS
        1. Findings on Implementation Scenario
        2. Findings on Implementation Constraints
      5. ROLE OF PERVASIVE COMPUTING IN LEAN MANUFACTURING SYSTEM AND SCENARIO IN INDIAN SMES
      6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A
    2. 5. RMS: A New Linkage with Pervasive Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. REASEARCH ISSUES RELATED TO RECONFIGRUABLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM (RMS)
        1. Structural Design of Reconfigurable and Machines
        2. Manufacturing Process and Simulation Machines
        3. Micro Electro-Mechanical Devices for Sensors
        4. Integrated Machine Development Based on Scientific Engineering
        5. Effective Network Control System Solutions
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. 3. Pervasive Computing in Quality Control
    1. 6. A Quality Assurance System in a Pervasive Computing Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PERVASIVE COMPUTING IN THE 21ST CENTURY
        1. Applications of Pervasive Computing in the Enterprise Context
        2. An Adaptive and Integrated Quality Assurance System
      3. FUTURE TRENDS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 7. The Role of Computer-Mediated Communication Modes in Enhancing Audit Quality: An Empirical Study
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESES
        1. Hypotheses
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. SURVEY RESULTS
        1. The Effect of Communication Modes on Audit Effectiveness
        2. The Effect of E-Communication Modes on Audit Tasks
        3. The Effect of Communication Modes on Participant's Satisfaction
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 8. Evaluating the Dimensions of Web-Based Software System Service Quality: An Empirical Study
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCEPTUALISING WEB-BASED SERVICE QUALITY
      5. METHODOLOGY
        1. Scale Item Development
        2. Data Collection
        3. Data Analysis and Results
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. FUTURE TRENDS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. 4. Pervasive Computing and Human Resource Management
    1. 9. The Human Factor in Quality: Examining the ISO 9000 and Business Excellence Frameworks in Selected Greek Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE NEW ISO 9000:2000 AND BUSINESS EXCELLENCE (QUALITY AWARDS).
      4. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND "HUMAN RESOURCES:" A LITERATURE REVIEW
        1. ISO 9000 Series Implementation and Human Resources
        2. The Excellence Movement and the "Human Resources" Element
      5. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES ISSUES IN GREECE: A LITERATURE REVIEW
        1. Quality Improvement Efforts and the Greek Industry
        2. Quality and HR Utilization in Greece
      6. SURVEY OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY
      7. FINDINGS
        1. Excellence Company A
        2. ISO 9000:2000 Company B
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 10. Speed of Technology Adaptation in Connection to Organizational Change and Ownership Concentration: Study in Croatia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
        1. Managing Organizational Changes in Computing Environment
        2. Ownership Concentration and Corporate Control
        3. Ownership Concentration as Determinant of the Pattern of Organizational Change
        4. Research Sample
      3. DISCUSSION
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 11. Strategic Human Resource Management & Organizational Performance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
        1. Role of HR
        2. Strategic HRM and Changing Landscapes of Business Environment
        3. Theoretical Foundations of Strategic HRM
        4. Determinants of Fit
      4. STRATEGIC HRM AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. 5. Pervasive Computing and Financial Systems
    1. 12. Automatic Trading System Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
        1. Futures Market Environment
          1. Futures Contracts
          2. Futures Markets
          3. Technical and Fundamental Analysis
          4. Commissions and Slippage Barrier
        2. Automatic Trading System Principles
          1. ATS Autonomy Level
          2. Backtesting Data
          3. Money Management Problem
          4. Environment Selection
          5. Type of Trading
          6. Electronic or Floor Based Trading
          7. Stock Market Selection
          8. Volatility
          9. Liquidity
        3. ATS Lifecycle
          1. Designing ATS: Description of Process
          2. Use of ATS
          3. The ATS Information Sources and Further Discussion of the Topic
      3. FUTURE TRENDS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. 13. Pervasive Computing, Firm Characteristics, and Environmental Factors Conducive to the Adoption of Activity-Based Costing: Evidence from Bahrain
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
        1. Literature Review
        2. The Size of the Firm
        3. The Amount of Overhead Costs
        4. Product Variety and Production Complexity
        5. Degree of Competition
        6. The Degree of Computer Usage
        7. Research Hypotheses
      3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
        1. a. Sample, Questionnaire and Procedure
        2. b. The Variables of the Study
      4. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
        1. a. Characteristics of Respondents
        2. b. Degree of ABC Awareness
        3. c. The Extent of ABC Adoption
        4. d. Hypotheses Test
          1. Hypothesis 1
        5. Hypothesis 2
        6. Hypothesis 3
        7. Hypothesis 4
        8. Hypothesis 5
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. LIMITATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. 14. The Effects of Innovative Instruments to Market Participants and the Financial System: The Particular Role of Information Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTORY OBSERVATIONS
      3. MARKET STATISTICS
        1. Definition of Main Instruments
        2. The Contribution of Computing to Credit Risk Management
          1. Credit Risk Estimation
          2. Credit Derivatives Pricing
        3. Applications of Credit Derivatives
        4. Considerations of Credit Derivatives
          1. Critical Concerns for Market Participants
          2. Regulatory Issues
          3. The Risks of Credit Derivatives to the Financial System
      4. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND FURTHER CHALLENGES
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    4. 15. Bivariate Causality between FDI Inflows and Economic Growth in India Since 1990
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Concept of Growth
      4. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
      5. IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
      6. RESEARCH GAP
      7. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
        1. Theories of FDI
      8. METHODOLOGY
      9. AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FDI INFLOWS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
        1. Correlation
        2. Granger Causality Test
        3. Granger - Causality Test
        4. Co-Integration
      10. FURTHER TRENDS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. 16. Regional and Sectoral Disparities in Inflow of FDI in India: An Empirical Analysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
        1. Importance of the Study
      4. REVIEW OF LITERATURE:
      5. SCOPE OF THE STUDY
      6. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
      7. METHODOLOGY
      8. GLOBAL TRENDS IN FDI INFLOWS
      9. TRENDS OF FDI IN INDIA
      10. COUNTRY WISE TRENDS IN THE FLOWS OF FDI IN INDIA
      11. STATE WISE OF FDI INFLOWS IN INDIA
      12. SECTOR WISE FDI INFLOWS IN INDIA (INCREASE IN THE PERVASIVE COMPUTING AREA)
      13. RESULTS AND FINDINGS
      14. FURTHER TRENDS
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
      17. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors