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PEM Fuel Cells, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Demand for fuel cell technology is growing rapidly. Fuel cells are being commercialized to provide power to buildings like hospitals and schools, to replace batteries in portable electronic devices, and as replacements for internal combustion engines in vehicles. PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cells are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than other types of fuel cell. As a result, over 80% of fuel cells being produced today are PEM cells.

This new edition of Dr. Barbir’s groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed. 



  • Comprehensive guide covers all aspects of PEM fuel cells, from theory and fundamentals to practical applications
  • Provides solutions to heat and water management problems engineers must face when designing and implementing PEM fuel cells in systems
  • Hundreds of original illustrations, real-life engineering examples, and end-of-chapter problems help clarify, contextualize, and aid understanding

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface and Acknowledgments
  7. Preface to the Second Edition
  8. Chapter One. Introduction
    1. 1.1 What is a Fuel Cell?
    2. 1.2 A Very Brief History of Fuel Cells
    3. 1.3 Types of Fuel Cells
    4. 1.4 How Does a PEM Fuel Cell Work?
    5. 1.5 Why Do We Need Fuel Cells?
    6. 1.6 Fuel Cell Applications
    7. References
  9. Chapter Two. Fuel Cell Basic Chemistry and Thermodynamics
    1. 2.1 Basic Reactions
    2. 2.2 Heat of Reaction
    3. 2.3 Higher and Lower Heating Value of Hydrogen
    4. 2.4 Theoretical Electrical Work
    5. 2.5 Theoretical Fuel Cell Potential
    6. 2.6 Effect of Temperature
    7. 2.7 Theoretical Fuel Cell Efficiency
    8. 2.8 Carnot Efficiency Myth
    9. 2.9 Effect of Pressure
    10. 2.10 Summary
    11. Problems
    12. Quiz
    13. References
  10. Chapter Three. Fuel Cell Electrochemistry
    1. 3.1 Electrode Kinetics
    2. 3.2 Voltage Losses
    3. 3.3 Cell Potential: Polarization Curve
    4. 3.4 Distribution of Potential Across a Fuel Cell
    5. 3.5 Sensitivity of Parameters in Polarization Curve
    6. 3.6 Fuel Cell Efficiency
    7. 3.7 Implications and Use of Fuel Cell Polarization Curve
    8. Problems
    9. Quiz
    10. References
  11. Chapter Four. Main Cell Components, Material Properties, and Processes
    1. 4.1 Cell Description
    2. 4.2 Membrane
    3. 4.3 Electrodes
    4. 4.4 Gas Diffusion Layer
    5. 4.5 Bipolar Plates
    6. Problems
    7. Quiz
    8. References
  12. Chapter Five. Fuel Cell Operating Conditions
    1. 5.1 Operating Pressure
    2. 5.2 Operating Temperature
    3. 5.3 Reactant Flow Rates
    4. 5.4 Reactant Humidity
    5. 5.5 Fuel Cell Mass Balance
    6. 5.6 Fuel Cell Energy Balance
    7. Problems
    8. Quiz
    9. References
  13. Chapter Six. Stack Design
    1. 6.1 Sizing a Fuel Cell Stack
    2. 6.2 Stack Configuration
    3. 6.3 Uniform Distribution of Reactants to Each Cell
    4. 6.4 Uniform Distribution of Reactants Inside Each Cell
    5. 6.5 Heat Removal from a Fuel Cell Stack
    6. 6.6 Stack Clamping
    7. Problems
    8. Quiz
    9. References
  14. Chapter Seven. Fuel Cell Modeling
    1. 7.1 Theory and Governing Equations
    2. 7.2 Modeling Domains
    3. 7.3 Modeling Examples
    4. 7.4 Conclusions
    5. Problems
    6. Quiz
    7. References
  15. Chapter Eight. Fuel Cell Diagnostics
    1. 8.1 Electrochemical Techniques
    2. 8.2 Physical and Chemical Methods
    3. 8.3 Conclusions
    4. Problems
    5. Quiz
    6. References
  16. Chapter Nine. Fuel Cell System Design
    1. 9.1 Hydrogen/Oxygen Systems
    2. 9.2 Hydrogen/Air Systems
    3. 9.3 Fuel Cell Systems with Fuel Processors
    4. 9.4 Electrical Subsystem
    5. 9.5 System Efficiency
    6. Problems
    7. Quiz
    8. References
  17. Chapter Ten. Fuel Cell Applications
    1. 10.1 Transportation Applications
    2. 10.2 Stationary Power
    3. 10.3 Backup Power
    4. 10.4 Fuel Cells for Small Portable Power
    5. 10.5 Regenerative Fuel Cells and Their Applications
    6. Problems
    7. Quiz
    8. References
  18. Chapter Eleven. Durability of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Scope and Organization of This Chapter
    3. 11.3 Types of Performance Losses
    4. 11.4 PEFC Components Associated with Different Types of Losses
    5. 11.5 Operating Conditions
    6. 11.6 Accelerated Test Protocols
    7. 11.7 Conclusions and Future Outlook
    8. Acknowledgments
    9. References
  19. Chapter Twelve. Future of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 A Brief History of Hydrogen as a Fuel
    3. 12.3 Hydrogen Energy Technologies
    4. 12.4 Is the Present Global Energy System Sustainable?
    5. 12.5 Predicting the Future
    6. 12.6 Sustainable Energy System of the Future
    7. 12.7 Transition to Hydrogen or a “Hydricity Economy”
    8. 12.8 The Coming Energy Revolution?
    9. 12.9 Conclusions
    10. References
  20. Index