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PCI Express System Architecture by MindShare, Inc, Ravi Budruk, Don Anderson, Tom Shanley

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Applying Routing Mechanisms

Once configuration of the system routing strategy is complete and transactions are enabled, PCI Express devices decode inbound TLP headers and use corresponding fields in configuration space Base Address Registers, Base/Limit registers, and Bus Number registers to apply address, ID, and implicit routing to the packet. Note that there are actually two levels of decision: the device first determines if the packet targets an internal location; if not, and the device is a switch, it will evaluate the packet to see if it should be forwarded out of an egress port. A third possibility is that the packet has been received in error or is malformed; in this case, it will be handled as a receive error. There are a number of cases ...

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