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Paris, Capital of Modernity by David Harvey

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CHAPTER EIGHT

ABSTRACT AND CONCRETE LABOR

Besides the factory operatives, the manufacturing workman and the handicraftsworkers, whom it concentrates in large masses at one spot, and directly commands, capital also sets in motion by means of invisible threads, another army: that of the workers in domestic industries.

—MARX

The collective force and power of workers had proven indispensable to the overthrow of the July Monarchy and their degraded condition subsequently spawned innumerable proposals and movements for social and industrial reform during the 1840s. The question of work therefore lay at the heart of Parisian workers’ concerns in 1848. The exact role in this of skilled workers from the craft tradition—a superior class comprising some ...

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