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Optical Networks

Book Description

The third edition of Optical Networks continues to be the authoritative source for information on optical networking technologies and techniques. Componentry and transmission are discussed in detail with emphasis on practical networking issues that affect organizations as they evaluate, deploy, or develop optical networks. New updates in this rapidly changing technology are introduced. These updates include sections on pluggable optical transceivers, ROADM (reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer), and electronic dispersion compensation. Current standards updates such as G.709 OTN, as well as, those for GPON, EPON, and BPON are featured. Expanded discussions on multimode fiber with additional sections on photonic crystal and plastic fibers, as well as expanded coverage of Ethernet and Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS).

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Image
  2. Contents
  3. Title
  4. Inside front cover
  5. Series Editor
  6. Copyright
  7. Dedication
  8. Foreword
  9. Preface to the First Edition
  10. Preface to the Second Edition
  11. Preface to the Current Edition
  12. Chapter 1. Introduction to Optical Networks
    1. 1.1 Telecommunications Network Architecture
    2. 1.2 Services, Circuit Switching, and Packet Switching
    3. 1.3 Optical Networks
    4. 1.4 The Optical Layer
    5. 1.5 Transparency and All-Optical Networks
    6. 1.6 Optical Packet Switching
    7. 1.7 Transmission Basics
    8. 1.8 Network Evolution
    9. Summary
    10. Further Reading
  13. I. Technology
    1. Chapter 2. Propagation of Signals in Optical Fiber
      1. 2.1 Loss and Bandwidth Windows
      2. 2.2 Intermodal Dispersion
      3. 2.3 Optical Fiber as a Waveguide
      4. 2.4 Chromatic Dispersion
      5. 2.5 Nonlinear Effects
      6. 2.6 Solitons
      7. 2.7 Other Fiber Technologies
      8. Summary
      9. Further Reading
      10. Problems
    2. Chapter 3. Components
      1. 3.1 Couplers
      2. 3.2 Isolators and Circulators
      3. 3.3 Multiplexers and Filters
      4. 3.4 Optical Amplifiers
      5. 3.5 Transmitters
      6. 3.6 Detectors
      7. 3.7 Switches
      8. 3.8 Wavelength Converters
      9. Summary
      10. Further Reading
      11. Problems
    3. Chapter 4. Modulation and Demodulation
      1. 4.1 Modulation
      2. 4.2 Subcarrier Modulation and Multiplexing
      3. 4.3 Spectral Efficiency
      4. 4.4 Demodulation
      5. 4.5 Error Detection and Correction
      6. Summary
      7. Further Reading
      8. Problems
    4. Chapter 5. Transmission System Engineering
      1. 5.1 System Model
      2. 5.2 Power Penalty
      3. 5.3 Transmitter
      4. 5.4 Receiver
      5. 5.5 Optical Amplifiers
      6. 5.6 Crosstalk
      7. 5.7 Dispersion
      8. 5.8 Fiber Nonlinearities
      9. 5.9 Wavelength Stabilization
      10. 5.10 Design of Soliton Systems
      11. 5.11 Design of Dispersion-Managed Soliton Systems
      12. 5.12 Overall Design Considerations
      13. Summary
      14. Further Reading
      15. Problems
  14. II. Networks
    1. Chapter 6. Client Layers of the Optical Layer
      1. 6.1 SONET/SDH
      2. 6.2 Optical Transport Network
      3. 6.3 Generic Framing Procedure
      4. 6.4 Ethernet
      5. 6.4.1 Frame Structure
      6. 6.5 IP
      7. 6.6 Multiprotocol Label Switching
      8. 6.7 Resilient Packet Ring
      9. 6.8 Storage-Area Networks
      10. Summary
      11. Further Reading
      12. Problems
    2. Chapter 7. WDM Network Elements
      1. 7.1 Optical Line Terminals
      2. 7.2 Optical Line Amplifiers
      3. 7.3 Optical Add/Drop Multiplexers
      4. 7.4 Optical Crossconnects
      5. Summary
      6. Further Reading
      7. Problems
    3. Chapter 8. Control and Management
      1. 8.1 Network Management Functions
      2. 8.2 Optical Layer Services and Interfacing
      3. 8.3 Layers within the Optical Layer
      4. 8.4 Multivendor Interoperability
      5. 8.5 Performance and Fault Management
      6. 8.6 Configuration Management
      7. 8.7 Optical Safety
      8. 8.7.1 Open Fiber Control Protocol
      9. Summary
      10. Further Reading
      11. Problems
    4. Chapter 9. Network Survivability
      1. 9.1 Basic Concepts
      2. 9.2 Protection in SONET/SDH
      3. 9.3 Protection in the Client Layer
      4. 9.4 Why Optical Layer Protection
      5. 9.5 Optical Layer Protection Schemes
      6. 9.6 Interworking between Layers
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
      9. Problems
    5. Chapter 10. WDM Network Design
      1. 10.1 Cost Trade-Offs: A Detailed Ring Network Example
      2. 10.2 LTD and RWA Problems
      3. 10.3 Dimensioning Wavelength-Routing Networks
      4. 10.4 Statistical Dimensioning Models
      5. 10.5 Maximum Load Dimensioning Models
      6. Summary
      7. Further Reading
      8. Problems
    6. Chapter 11. Access Networks
      1. 11.1 Network Architecture Overview
      2. 11.2 Enhanced HFC
      3. 11.3 Fiber to the Curb (FTTC)
      4. Summary
      5. Further Reading
      6. Problems
    7. Chapter 12. Photonic Packet Switching
      1. 12.1 Optical Time Division Multiplexing
      2. 12.2 Synchronization
      3. 12.3 Header Processing
      4. 12.4 Buffering
      5. 12.5 Burst Switching
      6. 12.6 Testbeds
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
      9. Problems
    8. Chapter 13. Deployment Considerations
      1. 13.1 The Evolving Telecommunications Network
      2. 13.2 Designing the Transmission Layer
      3. Summary
      4. Further Reading
      5. Problems
  15. APPENDIX A. Acronyms
  16. APPENDIX B. Symbols and Parameters
  17. APPENDIX C. Standards
    1. C.1 International Telecommunications Union (ITU-T)
    2. C.2 Telcordia
    3. C.3 American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  18. APPENDIX D. Wave Equations
  19. APPENDIX E. Pulse Propagation in Optical Fiber
    1. E.1 Propagation of Chirped Gaussian Pulses
    2. E.2 Nonlinear Effects on Pulse Propagation
    3. E.3 Soliton Pulse Propagation
    4. Further Reading
  20. APPENDIX F. Nonlinear Polarization
  21. APPENDIX G. Multilayer Thin-Film Filters
    1. G.1 Wave Propagation at Dielectric Interfaces
    2. G.2 Filter Design
  22. APPENDIX H. Random Variables and Processes
    1. H.1 Random Variables
    2. H.2 Random Processes
    3. Further Reading
  23. APPENDIX I. Receiver Noise Statistics
    1. I.1 Shot Noise
    2. I.2 Amplifier Noise
  24. APPENDIX J. Asynchronous Transfer Mode
    1. J.1 Functions of ATM
    2. J.2 Adaptation Layers
    3. J.3 Quality of Service
    4. J.4 Flow Control
    5. J.5 Signaling and Routing
  25. Bibliography
  26. Index