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Optical Networks, 3rd Edition by Galen Sasaki, Kumar Sivarajan, Rajiv Ramaswami

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Distributed-Feedback Lasers

In the Fabry-Perot laser described earlier, the feedback of the light occurs from the reflecting facets at the ends of the cavity. Thus the feedback can be said to be localized at the facets. Light feedback can also be provided in a distributed manner by a series of closely spaced reflectors. The most common means of achieving this is to provide a periodic variation in the width of the cavity, as shown in Figure 3.44(a) and (b).

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Figure 3.44 The structure of (a) a DFB laser and (b) a DBR laser. In a DFB laser, the gain and wavelength selection are obtained in the same region, whereas in a DBR laser, the wavelength ...

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