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Optical Fiber Telecommunications Volume VIB, 6th Edition

Book Description

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VI (A&B) is the sixth in a series that has chronicled the progress in the R&D of lightwave communications since the early 1970s. Written by active authorities from academia and industry, this edition brings a fresh look to many essential topics, including devices, subsystems, systems and networks. A central theme is the enabling of high-bandwidth communications in a cost-effective manner for the development of customer applications. These volumes are an ideal reference for R&D engineers and managers, optical systems implementers, university researchers and students, network operators, and investors.

Volume A is devoted to components and subsystems, including photonic integrated circuits, multicore and few-mode fibers, photonic crystals, silicon photonics, signal processing, and optical interconnections.

Volume B is devoted to systems and networks, including advanced modulation formats, coherent detection, Tb/s channels, space-division multiplexing, reconfigurable networks, broadband access, undersea cable, satellite communications, and microwave photonics.



  • All the latest technologies and techniques for developing future components and systems
  • Edited by two winners of the highly prestigious OSA/IEEE John Tyndal award and a President of IEEE's Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (7,000 members)
  • Written by leading experts in the field, it is the most authoritative and comprehensive reference on optical engineering on the market

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Dedication
  5. Copyright
  6. Dedication 2
  7. Preface—Overview of OFT VI A & B
    1. Six Editions
    2. OFT VI Volume A: Components and Subsystems
    3. OFT VI Volume B: Systems and Networks
  8. Chapter 1. Fiber Nonlinearity and Capacity: Single-Mode and Multimode Fibers
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Network Traffic and Optical Systems Capacity
    3. 1.3 Information Theory
    4. 1.4 Single-Mode Fibers: Single Polarization
    5. 1.5 Single-Mode Fibers: Polarization-Division Multiplexing
    6. 1.6 Multicore and Multimode Fibers
    7. 1.7 Conclusion
    8. References
  9. Chapter 2. Commercial 100-Gbit/s Coherent Transmission Systems
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Optical Channel Designs
    3. 2.3 100G Channel—From Wish to Reality
    4. 2.4 Introduction of 100G Channels to Service Provider Networks
    5. 2.5 Impact of Commercial 100G System to Transport Network
    6. 2.6 Outlook Beyond Commercial 100G Systems
    7. 2.7 Summary
    8. References
  10. Chapter 3. Advances in Tb/s Superchannels
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Superchannel Principle
    3. 3.3 Modulation
    4. 3.4 Multiplexing
    5. 3.5 Detection
    6. 3.6 Superchannel Transmission
    7. 3.7 Networking Implications
    8. 3.8 Conclusion
    9. References
  11. Chapter 4. Optical Satellite Communications
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Lasercom Link Budgets
    3. 4.3 Laser Beam Propagation Through the Atmosphere
    4. 4.4 Optical Transceivers for Space Applications
    5. 4.5 Space Terminal
    6. 4.6 Ground Terminal
    7. 4.7 List of Acronyms
    8. References
  12. Chapter 5. Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and Its Application in Optical Communication Systems
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Digital Signal Processing and Its Functional Blocks
    3. 5.3 Application of DBP-Based DSP to Optical Fiber Transmission in the nonlinear regime
    4. 5.4 Summary and Future Questions
    5. References
  13. Chapter 6. Advanced Coding for Optical Communications
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Linear Block Codes
    3. 6.3 Codes on Graphs
    4. 6.4 Coded Modulation
    5. 6.5 Adaptive Nonbinary LDPC-Coded Modulation
    6. 6.6 LDPC-Coded Turbo Equalization
    7. 6.7 Information Capacity of Fiber-Optics Communication Systems
    8. 6.8 Concluding Remarks
    9. References
  14. Chapter 7. Extremely Higher-Order Modulation Formats
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Spectral Efficiency of QAM Signal and Shannon Limit
    3. 7.3 Fundamental configuration and key components of QAM coherent optical transmission
    4. 7.4 Higher-Order QAM Transmission Experiments
    5. 7.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  15. Chapter 8. Multicarrier Optical Transmission
    1. 8.1 Historical perspective of optical multicarrier transmission
    2. 8.2 OFDM Basics
    3. 8.3 Optical Multicarrier Systems Based on Electronic FFT
    4. 8.4 Optical Multicarrier Systems Based on Optical Multiplexing
    5. 8.5 Nonlinearity in Optical Multicarrier Transmission
    6. 8.6 Applications of Optical Multicarrier Transmissions
    7. 8.7 Future Research Directions for Multicarrier Transmission
    8. References
  16. Chapter 9. Optical OFDM and Nyquist Multiplexing
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Orthogonal Shaping of Temporal or Spectral Functions for Efficient Multiplexing
    3. 9.3 Optical Fourier Transform Based Multiplexing
    4. 9.4 Encoding and Decoding of OFDM Signals
    5. 9.5 Conclusion
    6. 9.6 Mathematical Definitions and Relations
    7. References
  17. Chapter 10. Spatial Multiplexing Using Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Signal Processing
    1. 10.1 Optical Network Capacity Scaling Through Spatial Multiplexing
    2. 10.2 Coherent MIMO-SDM with Selective Mode Excitation
    3. 10.3 MIMO DSP
    4. 10.4 Mode Multiplexing Components
    5. 10.5 Optical Amplifiers for Coupled-Mode Transmission
    6. 10.6 Systems Experiments
    7. 10.7 Conclusion
    8. References
  18. Chapter 11. Mode Coupling and its Impact on Spatially Multiplexed Systems
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Modes and Mode Coupling in Optical Fibers
    3. 11.3 Modal Dispersion
    4. 11.4 Mode-Dependent Loss and Gain
    5. 11.5 Direct-Detection Mode-Division Multiplexing
    6. 11.6 Coherent Mode-Division Multiplexing
    7. 11.7 Conclusion
    8. References
  19. Chapter 12. Multimode Communications Using Orbital Angular Momentum
    1. 12.1 Perspective on Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) Multiplexing in Communication Systems
    2. 12.2 Fundamentals of OAM
    3. 12.3 Techniques for OAM Generation, Multiplexing/Demultiplexing, and Detection
    4. 12.4 Free-Space Communication Links Using OAM Multiplexing
    5. 12.5 Fiber-Based Transmission Links
    6. 12.6 Optical Signal Processing Using OAM
    7. 12.7 Future Challenges of OAM Communications
    8. References
  20. Chapter 13. Transmission Systems Using Multicore Fibers
    1. 13.1 Expectations of Multicore Fibers
    2. 13.2 MCF Design
    3. 13.3 Methods of Coupling to MCFs
    4. 13.4 Transmission Experiments with Uncoupled Cores
    5. 13.5 Laguerre-Gaussian Mode Division Multiplexing Transmission in MCFs
    6. References
  21. Chapter 14. Elastic Optical Networking
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 Enabling Technologies
    3. 14.3 The EON Vision and Some New Concepts
    4. 14.4 A Comparison of EON and Fixed DWDM
    5. 14.5 Standards Progress
    6. 14.6 Summary
    7. References
  22. Chapter 15. ROADM-Node Architectures for Reconfigurable Photonic Networks
    1. Summary
    2. 15.1 Introduction
    3. 15.2 The ROADM Node
    4. 15.3 Network Applications: Studies and Demonstrations
    5. 15.4 Two Compatible Visions of the Future
    6. 15.5 Conclusions
    7. References
  23. Chapter 16. Convergence of IP and Optical Networking
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 Motivation
    3. 16.3 Background
    4. 16.4 Standards
    5. 16.5 Next-Generation Control and Management
    6. References
  24. Chapter 17. Energy-Efficient Telecommunications
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 Energy Use in Commercial Optical Communication Systems
    3. 17.3 Energy in Optical Communication Systems
    4. 17.4 Transmission and Switching Energy Models
    5. 17.5 Network Energy Models
    6. 17.6 Conclusion
    7. References
  25. Chapter 18. Advancements in Metro Regional and Core Transport Network Architectures for the Next-Generation Internet
    1. 18.1 Introduction
    2. 18.2 Network Architecture Evolution
    3. 18.3 Transport Technology Innovations
    4. 18.4 The Network Value of Photonics Technology Innovation
    5. 18.5 The Network Value of Optical Transport Innovation
    6. 18.6 Outlook
    7. 18.7 Summary
    8. References
  26. Chapter 19. Novel Architectures for Streaming/Routing in Optical Networks
    1. 19.1 Introduction and Historical Perspectives on Connection and Connectionless Oriented Optical Transports
    2. 19.2 Essence of the Major Types of Optical Transports: Optical Packet Switching (OPS), Optical Burst Switching (OBS), and Optical Flow Switching (OFS)
    3. 19.3 Network Architecture Description and Layering
    4. 19.4 Definition of Network “Capacity” and Evaluation of Achievable Network Capacity Regions of Different Types of Optical Transports
    5. 19.5 Physical Topology of Fiber Plant and Optical Switching Functions at Nodes and the Effects of Transmission Impairments and Session Dynamics on Network Architecture
    6. 19.6 Network Management and Control Functions and Scalable Architectures
    7. 19.7 Media Access Control (MAC) Protocol and Implications on Routing Protocol Efficiency and Scalability
    8. 19.8 Transport Layer Protocol for New Optical Transports
    9. 19.9 Cost, Power Consumption Throughput, and Delay Performance
    10. 19.10 Summary
    11. References
  27. Chapter 20. Recent Advances in High-Frequency (>10GHz) Microwave Photonic Links
    1. 20.1 Introduction
    2. 20.2 Photonic Links for Receive-Only Applications
    3. 20.3 Photonic Links for Transmit and Receive Applications
    4. References
  28. Chapter 21. Advances in 1-100GHz Microwave Photonics: All-Band Optical Wireless Access Networks Using Radio Over Fiber Technologies
    1. 21.1 Introduction
    2. 21.2 Optical RF Wave Generation
    3. 21.3 Converged ROF Transmission System
    4. 21.4 Conclusions
    5. References
  29. Chapter 22. PONs: State of the Art and Standardized
    1. 22.1 Introduction to PON
    2. 22.2 TDM PONs: Basic Design and Issues
    3. 22.3 Video Overlay
    4. 22.4 WDM PONs: Common Elements
    5. 22.5 FDM-PONs: Motivation
    6. 22.6 Hybrid TWDM-PON
    7. 22.7 Summary and Outlook
    8. References
  30. Chapter 23. Wavelength-Division-Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (WDM PONs)
    1. 23.1 Introduction
    2. 23.2 Light Sources for WDM PON
    3. 23.3 WDM PON Architectures
    4. 23.4 Long-Reach WDM PONs
    5. 23.5 Next-Generation High-Speed WDM PON
    6. 23.6 Fault Monitoring, Localization and Protection Techniques
    7. 23.7 Summary
    8. Appendix: Acronyms
    9. References
  31. Chapter 24. FTTX Worldwide Deployment
    1. 24.1 Introduction
    2. 24.2 Background of Fiber Architectures
    3. 24.3 Technology Variants
    4. 24.4 Status and FTTX Deployments Around the World
    5. 24.5 What’s Next?
    6. 24.6 Summary
    7. References
  32. Chapter 25. Modern Undersea Transmission Technology
    1. 25.1 Introduction
    2. 25.2 Coherent Transmission Technology in Undersea Systems
    3. 25.3 Increasing Spectral Efficiency by Bandwidth Constraint
    4. 25.4 Nyquist Carrier Spacing
    5. 25.5 Increasing Spectral Efficiency by Increasing the Constellation Size
    6. 25.6 Future Trends
    7. 25.7 Summary
    8. List of Acronyms
    9. References
  33. Index