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Optical Biomimetics by M Large

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1

Natural photonic structures: an overview

A.R. Parker,     The Natural History Museum, UK

Abstract:

This chapter reviews types of photonic structures found in nature and ways they can be exploited to produce photonic devices. It discusses both types of device, such as anti-reflective and iridescent surfaces, as well as techniques for their manufacture such as cell culture techniques to create butterfly scales, the use of diatoms and coccolithophores to build photonic devices as well as iridoviruses to create biophotonic crystals.

Key words

photonic structures

anti-reflective and iridescent surfaces

diatoms and coccolithophores

iridoviruses

1.1 Introduction

Biomimetics is the extraction of good design or problem solving from nature. Its ...

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