In this first recipe, we will present some very basic low-pass filters. In the introductory section of this chapter, we learned that the objective of such filters is to reduce the amplitude of the image variations. One simple way to achieve this goal is to replace each pixel by the average value of the pixels around it. By doing this, the rapid intensity variations will be smoothed out and thus replaced by a more gradual transition.
The objective of the
cv::blur function is to smooth an image by replacing each pixel with the average pixel value computed over a rectangular neighborhood. This low-pass filter is applied as follows:
cv::blur(image,result, cv::Size(5,5)); // size of the filter