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OpenCV Computer Vision Application Programming Cookbook Second Edition by Robert Laganière

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Accessing pixel values

In order to access each individual element of a matrix, you just need to specify its row and column numbers. The corresponding element, which can be a single numerical value or a vector of values in the case of a multi-channel image, will be returned.

Getting ready

To illustrate the direct access to pixel values, we will create a simple function that adds salt-and-pepper noise to an image. As the name suggests, salt-and-pepper noise is a particular type of noise in which some randomly selected pixels are replaced by a white or a black pixel. This type of noise can occur in faulty communications when the value of some pixels is lost during the transmission. In our case, we will simply randomly select a few pixels and assign ...

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