Open Sources 2.0 is a collection of insightful and thought-provoking essays from today's technology leaders that continues painting the evolutionary picture that developed in the 1999 book Open Sources: Voices from the Revolution .
These essays explore open source's impact on the software industry and reveal how open source concepts are infiltrating other areas of commerce and society. The essays appeal to a broad audience: the software developer will find thoughtful reflections on practices and methodology from leading open source developers like Jeremy Allison and Ben Laurie, while the business executive will find analyses of business strategies from the likes of Sleepycat co-founder and CEO Michael Olson and Open Source Business Conference founder Matt Asay.
From China, Europe, India, and Brazil we get essays that describe the developing world's efforts to join the technology forefront and use open source to take control of its high tech destiny. For anyone with a strong interest in technology trends, these essays are a must-read.
The enduring significance of open source goes well beyond high technology, however. At the heart of the new paradigm is network-enabled distributed collaboration: the growing impact of this model on all forms of online collaboration is fundamentally challenging our modern notion of community.
What does the future hold? Veteran open source commentators Tim O'Reilly and Doc Searls offer their perspectives, as do leading open source scholars Steven Weber and Sonali Shah. Andrew Hessel traces the migration of open source ideas from computer technology to biotechnology, and Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger and Slashdot co-founder Jeff Bates provide frontline views of functioning, flourishing online collaborative communities.
The power of collaboration, enabled by the internet and open source software, is changing the world in ways we can only begin to imagine.Open Sources 2.0 further develops the evolutionary picture that emerged in the original Open Sources and expounds on the transformative open source philosophy.
"This is a wonderful collection of thoughts and examples by great minds from the free software movement, and is a must have for anyone who follows free software development and project histories."
--Robin Monks, Free Software Magazine
The list of contributors include
Jesus M. Gonzalez-Barahona
Matthew N. Asay
Sonali K. Shah
Stephen R. Walli
Table of Contents
Open Sources 2.0
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- Foreword: Source Is Everything
- List of Contributors
I. Open Source: Competition and Evolution
- 1. The Mozilla Project: Past and Future
2. Open Source and Proprietary Software Development
- 2.1. Proprietary Versus Open Source?
- 2.2. Comfort
- 2.3. Distributed Development
- 2.4. Collaborative Development
- 2.5. Software Distribution
- 2.6. How Proprietary Software Development Has Changed Open Source
- 2.7. Some Final Words
- 3. A Tale of Two Standards
- 4. Open Source and Security
5. Dual Licensing
- 5.1. Business and Politics
- 5.2. Open Source: Distribution Versus Development
- 5.3. A Primer on Intellectual Property
- 5.4. Dual Licensing
- 5.5. Practical Considerations
- 5.6. Trends and the Future
- 5.7. Global Development
- 5.8. Open Models
- 5.9. The Future of Software
6. Open Source and the Commoditization of Software
- 6.1. Commoditization and the IT Industry
- 6.2. Decommoditization: The Failure of Open Systems
- 6.3. Linux: A Response from the Trenches
- 6.4. "So, How Do You Make Money from Free Software?"
- 6.5. The First Business Models for Linux
- 6.6. Linux Commercialization at a Crossroads
- 6.7. Proprietary Linux?
- 6.8. What's at Stake?
7. Open Source and the Commodity Urge: Disruptive Models for a Disruptive Development Process
- 7.1. Introduction
- 7.2. A Brief History of Software
- 7.3. A New Brand of Intellectual Property Protection
- 7.4. Open Distribution, Not Source
- 7.5. Open Source Business Models
- 7.6. Conclusion
- 8. Under the Hood: Open Source and Open Standards Business Models in Context
- 9. Open Source and the Small Entrepreneur
- 10. Why Open Source Needs Copyright Politics
11. Libre Software in Europe
- 11.1. Brief Summary of an Already Long History
- 11.2. The Development Community
- 11.3. The Organization of the Community
- 11.4. Libre Software in the Private Sector
- 11.5. Public Administrations and Libre Software
- 11.6. Legal Issues
- 11.7. Libre Software in Education
- 11.8. Research on Libre Software
- 11.9. The Future Is Hard to Read....
- 12. OSS in India
13. When China Dances with OSS
- 13.1. What OSS Was and Is in China
- 13.2. SWOT Analysis of OSS in China
- 13.3. Where OSS Is Going for China and Beyond
14. How Much Freedom Do You Want?
- 14.1. Livre Versus Gratis
- 14.2. Background for Freedom: The Market
- 14.3. Developing the Software Livre Movement
- 14.4. Not About Price, but About Choice
- 14.5. Choice Requires More Than Free Software
- 14.6. How Java Technology Can Help
- 14.7. Java Provides the Other Side of the Choice
- 14.8. Walking the Path
- 14.9. What to Do?
- 14.10. We Are Getting There
- 14.11. References
II. Beyond Open Source: Collaboration and Community
- 15. Making a New World
- 16. The Open Source Paradigm Shift
- 17. Extending Open Source Principles Beyond Software Development
- 18. Open Source Biology
- 19. Everything Is Known
20. The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir
- 20.1. Some Recent Press Reports
- 20.2. Nupedia
- 20.3. The Origins of Wikipedia
- 20.4. Wikipedia's First Few Months
- 20.5. A Series of Controversies
- 20.6. My Resignation and Final Few Months with the Project
- 20.7. Final Attempts to Save Nupedia
- 20.8. Conclusions
21. Open Beyond Software
21.1. Sports Equipment Innovation by Users and Their Communities
- 21.1.1. The User Innovation Process in Three Sports
- 21.1.2. How Important Is Community-Based Innovation in These Sports?
- 21.2. Community-Based Innovation and Development: An Even Broader Phenomenon
- 21.3. Reframing: Where Does Innovation Come From?
- 21.4. Conclusion
- 21.5. References
- 21.1. Sports Equipment Innovation by Users and Their Communities
22. Patterns of Governance in Open Source
- 22.1. The Empirical Problem Set: What Are We Aiming At?
- 22.2. The Theoretical Problem: How Is Knowledge Distributed?
- 22.3. Design Principles for a Referee Function
- 22.4. What Should We Do Differently?
- 23. Communicating Many to Many
A. The Open Source Definition
A.1. The Open Source Definition, Version 1.9
- A.1.1. Introduction
- A.1.2. 1. Free Redistribution
- A.1.3. 2. Source Code
- A.1.4. 3. Derived Works
- A.1.5. 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
- A.1.6. 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
- A.1.7. 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor
- A.1.8. 7. Distribution of License
- A.1.9. 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
- A.1.10. 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
- A.1. The Open Source Definition, Version 1.9
B. Referenced Open Source Licenses
- B.1. The BSD License
- B.2. The GNU General Public License (GPL)
- B.3. The Sleepycat License
- B.4. The Creative Commons License
- C. Columns from Slashdot
- A. The Open Source Definition
- About the Authors
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