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Open Source Web Development with LAMP: Using Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl, and PHP by Brent Ware, James Lee

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1.1. How It Works

To give you a clear picture of how the parts discussed in this book interrelate, Figure 1.1 shows a pictorial overview of the Web. The Web is usually accessed through a browser, the most well known of which are Netscape/Mozilla and Internet Explorer. There are many alternative browsers, including Galeon, Konquerer, OmniWeb, and Opera, and also text-based options such as Lynx, links, and w3g.

Figure 1.1. How the Web works

When you click a link or type a URL into the location box (for instance, www.example.com), the browser makes a socket connection (also known as a network connection) to the server www.example.com. The name ...

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