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Open Source Technology

Book Description

The pervasiveness of and universal access to modern Information and Communication Technologies has enabled a popular new paradigm in the dissemination of information, art, and ideas. Now, instead of relying on a finite number of content providers to control the flow of information, users can generate and disseminate their own content for a wider audience. Open Source Technology: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications investigates examples and methodologies in user-generated and freely-accessible content available through electronic and online media. With applications in education, government, entertainment, and more, the technologies explored in these volumes will provide a comprehensive reference for web designers, software developers, and practitioners in a wide variety of fields and disciplines.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editor-in-Chief
    2. Associate Editors
    3. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: Software Licenses, Open Source Components, and Open Architectures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. UNDERSTANDING OPEN ARCHITECTURES
      5. UNDERSTANDING OPEN SOFTWARE LICENSES
      6. AUTOMATING ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE LICENSE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATION
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. NOTES
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX: AN INTERPRETATION OF THE BSD 3-CLAUSE LICENSE
    2. Chapter 2: The Gatekeepers of Cyberspace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CIVIL RIGHTS FRAMEWORK FOR THE INTERNET IN BRAZIL (“MARCO CIVIL DA INTERNET”)
      4. COPYRIGHT AND INTERNET REGULATION: A NEBULOUS RELATIONSHIP
      5. THE PREROGATIVE OF ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: “Memeration”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BLOGGING AS A SOCIAL PRACTICE: SCHOLARLY ENGAGEMENT IN A DIGITAL DOMAIN
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. EXPLORING LITERACY THROUGH DIVERSE MEDIA AND MODES
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 4: Where Do Mongolian Scholars Go?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE TALE OF THREE TRANSITIONS
      4. INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOR OF SCHOLARS IN MONGOLIA
      5. NEEDED CHANGES TO THE SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION PROCESS
      6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 5: Open Source Approach to Contemporary Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. OPEN MODEL OF KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION
      4. 3. OPEN RESEARCH
      5. 4. THE CASE OF GEO-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Towards a Conceptual Framework for Open Systems Developments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A DEFINITION OF OPEN SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
      4. OPEN SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT DOMAINS
      5. A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR OPEN SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
      6. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 7: Digital Repositories as Harbingers of Open Access in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROBLEM STATEMENT
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY
      6. DISCUSSION: IR SERVICES
      7. DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS
      8. SUGGESTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 8: Open E-Resources in Libraries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. OPEN ACCESS RESOURCES
      4. 2. OPEN DIGITAL HERITAGE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 9: Emerging Trends in OAI-PMH Application
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPEN ARCHIVES INITIATIVE
      4. OPEN ARCHIVES INITIATIVE PROTOCOL FOR METADATA HARVESTING (OAI-PMH)
      5. DATA INTERPRETATION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 10: Law and Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROPERTY RIGHTS AND GOVERNANCE
      4. MANAGING DIGITAL COMMONS: THE CREATIVE COMMONS PROJECT
      5. PATRIMONIAL GOVERNANCE FOR DIGITAL GOODS: REINVENTING THE NOTION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    11. Chapter 11: The Promise of Open Source Systems/Software in Developing Requisite E-Government Solutions for the Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-GOVERNMENT EVOLUTION
      4. THE BENEFITS OF E-GOVERNMENT OPEN SOURCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. Section 2: Utilization and Application
    1. Chapter 12: Open Source Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: THE CONCEPT OF E-PARTICIPATION
      4. E-PARTICIPATION: OBJECTIVES, CONTEXT, DETERMINANTS, AND ETHICAL ISSUES
      5. E-PARTICIPATION: LEVEL OF PARTICIPATION, POLICY STAGE, STAKEHOLDERS
      6. E-PARTICIPATION TOOLS
      7. E-PARTICIPATION: IMPACTS, BENEFITS, AND RISKS
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 13: Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation, and Knowledge Economy in Arab Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS AND IPRs FOR DEVELOPMENT
      4. IPRs AND DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS PER ARAB COUNTRY
      5. IPRs, KNOWLEDGE, AND OTHER MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES
      6. ECONOMIC AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 14: Institutional Repositories Initiatives in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINITION OF OPEN ACCESS
      4. INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES
      5. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF AN INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY
      6. NEED OF IR FOR UNIVERSITIES AND HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES
      7. BENEFITS OF INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES
      8. SOFTWARES FOR IR
      9. LITERATURE REVIEW
      10. METHODOLOGY AND SELECTION OF SAMPLE
      11. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
      12. JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
      13. INDIAN INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES
      14. SOME COUNTRIES IN ASIA WITH IRS
      15. ACCESSIBLE IRS IN INDIA (INSTITUTIONAL)
      16. NON-ACCESSIBLE IRS IN INDIA
      17. SUBJECTS COVERED BY IRS
      18. COVERAGE OF SCIENCE GENERAL
      19. COVERAGE OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE
      20. COVERAGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
      21. COVERAGE OF TECHNOLOGY GENERAL
      22. COVERAGE OF ART AND HUMANITIES
      23. COVERAGE OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF DOCUMENTS
      24. COVERAGE OF ARTICLES
      25. COVERAGE OF THESES
      26. COVERAGE OF BOOKS
      27. COVERAGE OF CONFERENCE PAPERS
      28. SOFTWARE USED BY IRS
      29. CONCLUSION
      30. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 15: A Case of Redeemer's University Adoption of Institutional Repository Using the Principles of Electronic Information Management Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CHALLENGES FACING THE RUNIR PROJECT
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 16: ERMS Druthers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 17: Free or Externally Funded Professional Development for Frugal Librarians
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FREE AND EXTERNALLY FUNDED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 18: The University Cloud Library Model and the Role of the Cloud Librarian
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SERVER VIRTUALIZATION
      4. CLOUD COMPUTING
      5. INFORMATION COMMON
      6. THE UNIVERSITY CLOUD LIBRARY MODEL
      7. CLOUD LIBRARY ACCESS MODEL
      8. PROPOSED SUBSCRIPTION METHOD BY THE AUTHOR
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 19: Open Universities Australia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE OUA MODEL
      4. THE HISTORY OF OUA: FROM THE OPEN LEARNING INITIATIVE (OLI) TO OPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA (OUA)
      5. ONLINE TECHNOLOGY AND THE EVOLUTION OF OUA
      6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND NEW INNOVATIONS
      7. MOVING ON WITH CURRENT TECHNOLOGY TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 20: Creating Open Source Lecture Materials
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. TRENDS IN OPEN COURSEWARE FOR INFORMATION SCIENCES
      3. 2. TRADEOFFS
      4. 3. TECHNIQUES FOR LECTURE MATERIAL PREPARATION
      5. 4. CASE STUDIES
      6. 5. EFFECTIVE PRACTICES FOR ENCOURAGING ADOPTION AND DISSEMINATION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    10. Chapter 21: Teaching a YouTube™ Course Online
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. ONLINE VIDEO TRENDS
      4. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COURSE
      5. CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR BEST PRACTICE
      7. FINAL THOUGHTS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 22: Incorporating Free/Open-Source Data and Tools in Software Engineering Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RELATED WORK AND OUR TEACHING APPROACH
      4. 3. CLASS DESCRIPTION
      5. 4. GENERAL ANYALSIS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION AND IMPROVEMENT PLAN
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 23: Open Source vs. Proprietary Collaborative Virtual Learning Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 3D COLLABORATIVE VIRTUAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
      4. FIRST CASE STUDY: OPENSIM
      5. SECOND CASE STUDY: SECOND LIFE
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      8. REFERENCES
    13. Chapter 24: Creating Open-Source Interactive Articles for the Wider Publics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. THE DESIGN OF INTERACTIVE ARTICLES
      5. EIGHT STEPS IN THE PROCESS
      6. CASE 1: THE PARTICIPATORY DESIGN OF A (TODAY AND) FUTURE DIGITAL ENTOMOLOGY LAB
      7. CASE 2: CREATING A GLOBAL HEALTH COURSE AND GAME
      8. A PRELIMINARY ETHOS OF INTERACTIVE ARTICLES
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 25: E-Health Sites Development Using Open Source Software and OMT Methodology as Support for Family Doctors' Activities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-HEALTH IN ROMANIA
      4. E-HEALTH NETWORK INFRASTUCTURE
      5. AN E-HEALTH SITE GENERAL ARCHITECTURE USING OMT AND OSS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 26: A Preventive Action Management Platform in Healthcare Information Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE IN HEALTHCARE
      4. PREVENTIVE ACTIONS
      5. TIME INTERVAL ESTIMATION MODEL
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
  8. Section 3: Organizational and Social Implications
    1. Chapter 27: Free Assistive Technology Software for Persons with Motor Disabilities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. USERS’ NEEDS
      4. FREE SOFTWARE
      5. SOFTWARE REPOSITORIES
      6. REPOSITORY FEATURES
      7. AT SOFTWARE CATEGORIES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX: EXTENSIVE AT SOFTWARE LIST
    2. Chapter 28: User Resistance to Software Migration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH MODEL AND HYPOTHESES
      5. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      6. DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
      11. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 29: Open Growth
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
      4. OPEN GROWTH
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. CASE STUDY: OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE AND EMPLOYMENT IN THE U.S.A.
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. APPENDIX
    4. Chapter 30: Social Acceptability of Open Source Software by Example of the Ubuntu Operating System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OVERVIEW OF OTHER ACCEPTANCE MODELS
      5. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
      6. GOO.GL SERVICE
      7. THE SURVEY ABOUT ACCEPTANCE OF UBUNTU OPERATING SYSTEM BY USERS
      8. RELIABILITY ANALYSIS WITH THE GNU PSPP
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 31: Decentralized Expertise
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EXPERTISE AND AUTHORITY WITHIN SUPPORT FORUMS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 32: Users' Acceptance and Use of Moodle
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. CONTEXT OF THE STUDY
      5. METHOD
      6. FINDINGS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 33: Iff and Other Conditionals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT MOOC VARIATIONS
      4. THE PROMISES OF MOOCS
      5. ELECTRONIC CHATTER AND MAINSTREAM AWARENESS OF MOOCS
      6. THE MODIFIED E-DELPHI TECHNIQUE
      7. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      8. THE CURRENT LITERATURE ABOUT MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES (MOOCS)
      9. MOOC INNOVATIONS?
      10. AN EXPLORATION OF EXPERT PERCEPTIONS OF MOOC POTENTIALS
      11. SURVEY FINDINGS
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      15. REFERENCES
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      17. APPENDIX A
      18. APPENDIX B
      19. APPENDIX C
    8. Chapter 34: Theses and Dissertations from Print to ETD
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. SUMMARY
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX A: GUIDELINES FOR DMA DISSERTATIONS THAT INCLUDE A PERFORMANCE
      11. APPENDIX B: UNT LIBRARIES ETD METADATA
    9. Chapter 35: A Lost Dimension in the Open Scholarly World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPEN ACCESS FAMILIARITY
      4. TYPE OF MATERIAL DEPOSITED IN INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 36: Economic Impact of Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF GLOBAL CONNECTIVITY
      4. ACCESS THROUGH CLOUD COMPUTING
      5. ICT AND ONLINE EDUCATION
      6. ICT AND MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES
      7. ICT AND INFORMATION OVERLOAD
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 37: The Migration of the Book across Territorial Borders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE RESEARCH COMPONENT AND METHODOLOGY
      4. A GLOBAL MILIEU: DIGITAL COPYRIGHT CHALLENGES
      5. THE DEMISE OF TERRITORIAL COPYRIGHT
      6. CONCLUSION: FUTURE SOLUTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 38: A Model of Cultural Competence in Open Source Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPEN SOURCE CULTURAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
    13. Chapter 39: Action Potentials
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A HACKING AND HACKTIVISM IDEOLOGICAL SUPERSTRUCTURE?
      4. CONSTRAINING HACKER ETHICS
      5. SELF-PROFESSED DEFINITION
      6. GROUP ACTIONS: “THE PROPAGANDA OF THE DEED”
      7. THE INSIGHTS OF OTHERS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. References
      12. References
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. APPENDIX 1: EXTRAPOLATING THE IDEOLOGIES OF THE ANONYMOUS HACKER COLLECTIVE’S SPIN-OFFS: AntiSec AND LulzSec
      15. APPENDIX 2: CODE POLITICS: THE PIRATE PARTY AND EUROPEAN POLITICAL STRUCTURES
    14. Chapter 40: Knowing Protection of Intellectual Contents in Digital Era
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND PLAGIARISM
      4. TYPES OF PLAGIARISM
      5. WAYS TO AVOID PLAGIARISM
      6. WEB RESOURCE FOR ETHICS AND PLAGIARISM ISSUES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 4: Development and Design Methodologies
    1. Chapter 41: Internet Policy Issues and Digital Libraries' Management of Intellectual Property
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VARIOUS INTERNET POLICY ISSUES
      4. BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR MANAGING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT
      5. SUMMARY
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 42: Open Content
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHY OPEN CONTENT?
      4. HISTORICAL TIMELINE AND EVOLUTION OF OPEN SOURCE
      5. DEVELOPING OPEN CONTENT: EMERGING TRENDS
      6. CASE STUDIES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 43: Managing Knowledge in Open Source Software Test Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MANAGING TEST PROCESS KNOWLEDGE IN OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 44: Digitize or Perish
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN INFORMATION RESOURCE AND DIGITAL LITERACY LANDSCAPE
      4. STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING INDIGENOUS ACADEMIC RESOURCE AVAILABILITY, ACCESS AND USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 45: Building Open-Source Resources for Online Learning in a Higher Education Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. APPENDIX: SOFTCHALK CLOUD REPOSITORY Q&A
    6. Chapter 46: Competition-Based Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. RESEARCH GOAL AND QUESTIONS
      5. THE NEW CBL MODEL
      6. FUTURE WORK
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 47: Navigating Multimedia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS
      5. MULTIMEDIA RESOURCES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 48: Learning Software Industry Practices with Open Source and Free Software Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COURSE
      4. SOFTWARE TOOLS USED
      5. ITERATIVE AND INCREMENTAL DEVELOPMENT
      6. REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENTATION
      7. VERSION CONTROL AND SOURCE CODE MANAGEMENT
      8. CODING STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
      9. DESIGN VISUALIZATION
      10. SOFTWARE TESTING
      11. SOFTWARE METRICS
      12. RELEASE DELIVERABLES AND DOCUMENTATION
      13. ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICES
      14. SUPPLEMENTAL WRITING SKILLS
      15. USING OPEN SOURCE PROJECTS IN SE COURSES
      16. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      17. CONCLUSION
      18. REFERENCES
      19. ADDITIONAL READING
      20. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 49: An Innovative “Cybernetic” Organization Improvement Plan through Participatory Action Research in Persistent “Open Source” Virtual Worlds
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS
      4. PERSISTENT “OPEN SOURCE” VIRTUAL WORLDS
      5. POLYMORPHIC DIMENSIONS AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE OPEN SIMULATOR
      6. DEMONSTRATING THE PROBLEM
      7. HIERARCHY OF QUESTIONS
      8. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
      9. SETTING THE “SYSTEMIC” STAGE OF A PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH
      10. CONCEPTUAL ORIGINS OF THE VIABLE SYSTEM MODEL
      11. A “CYBERNETIC” IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR MANAGING THE EDUCATIONAL COGNITIVE APPRENTICSHIP ACTIVITIES
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. FUTURE WORK
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 50: Free Public Wi-Fi and E-Planning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE VALUE OF FREE WI-FI
      4. WI-FI AND E-PLANNING
      5. STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION AND ETHNOGRAPHY
      6. PUBLIC WI-FI DRIVERS
      7. FORMS OF WI-FI USE
      8. POSITIVE PLACE ATTRIBUTES
      9. THE USE OF E-PLANNING IN AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC WI-FI PROJECTS
      10. JUSTIFYING COSTS THROUGH ONLINE PUBLIC CONSULTATION
      11. CHOOSING THE RIGHT PLACE
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ENDNOTES
    11. Chapter 51: Open Source Software Development Process Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DATA
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      6. EVALUATIONS OF THE PRSR MODEL
      7. CONTRIBUTIONS, LIMITATIONS, AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 52: Reliability Modeling and Assessment for Open Source Cloud Software
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RELIABILITY MODELING APPROACH
      5. RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 53: A Systematic Approach to Evaluating Open Source Software
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PREVIOUS AND RELATED WORK
      4. MODEL DEVELOPMENT
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. DATA ANALYSIS
      7. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
      8. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
  10. Section 5: Critical Issues
    1. Chapter 54: Critical Analysis on Open Source LMSs Using FCA
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LMS AND POTENTIAL EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
      4. COMPARATIVE STUDY: FEATURES OF THE LMS
      5. FORMAL CONCEPT ANALYSIS
      6. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 55: Success of Open Source in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH
      4. RESEARCH METHOD
      5. DEVELOPING MODEL WITH QUALITATIVE DATA
      6. VALIDATING MODEL WITH QUANTITATIVE DATA
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 56: Effects of Free Goods on Market Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ENDNOTES
      6. APPENDIX
    4. Chapter 57: Analyzing the Competitive Dynamics in Open-Source Publishing Using Game Theory
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      4. SOME MOTIVATIONS OF OPEN-SOURCE CONTENT DEVELOPERS
      5. DEVELOPING AN OPEN-SOURCE USER COMMUNITY
      6. GAME THEORY
      7. A PROPOSED GAME THEORETIC MODEL OF OPEN-SOURCE ACADEMIC PUBLISHING
      8. CRITICAL STAKEHOLDER VIEWS AND SIGNALING COMMUNICATIONS
      9. PAYOFFS OF THE MODEL
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 58: Comparative Analysis of Major Issues Involved in IPR and Competition Policy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. COMPETITION AND PATENT
      3. COMPETITION AND PHARMACEUTICALS INDUSTRY
      4. CASE STUDY
      5. COMPETITION AND COPYRIGHT
      6. COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT
      7. TECHNICAL PROTECTION MEASURES
      8. COMPETITION AND TRADEMARK
      9. COMPETITION AND TRADEMARK
      10. SUMMARIZATION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 59: Harnessing and Evaluating Open Sim for the Implementation of an Inquiry-Based Collaborative Learning (Ib[C]L) Script in Computer Science
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. LIMITATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 60: Open Source for Higher Conventional and Open Education in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. TRANSITION TO AND GROWTH OF HIGHER AND OPEN EDUCATION
      4. 3. HIGHER AND OPEN EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
      5. 4. OPEN SOURCE INITIATIVES IN INDIAN UNIVERSITIES
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. APPENDIX
    8. Chapter 61: Reflections on the Role of Self-Paced, Online Resources in Higher Education or How YouTube is Teaching Me How to Knit
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PREAMBLE
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLASSROOM FLIPPING
      5. CASE STUDY
      6. REFLECTION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 62: MOOCs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: A JOURNEY TOWARDS MOOCS
      4. THE SOCIAL NATURE OF MOOCS
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    10. Chapter 63: The Ellis Model of Information Seeking Behavior and the Peripheral Scientific Community
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOR
      4. USER STUDIES
      5. METHOD
      6. FINDINGS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 64: Wikipedia's Success and the Rise of the Amateur-Expert
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ROOTS IN THE OPEN SOURCE MOVEMENT
      5. CROWDSOURCING
      6. BRIEF HISTORY OF WIKIPEDIA
      7. PHILOSOPHY OF WIKIPEDIA
      8. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, AND PROBLEMS
      9. BRITANNICA VS. WIKIPEDIA
      10. WIKIPEDIA BUREAUCRACY
      11. SANGER’S DEFECTION AND BOMIS
      12. JARON LANIER AND DIGITAL MAOISM
      13. CULT OF THE AMATEUR
      14. WIKIPEDIA AND ACADEMIA
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
      17. ADDITIONAL READING
      18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 65: On the Geographic Allocation of Open Source Software Activities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DATA SOURCE AND METHODOLOGY
      4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 66: Replacing Proprietary Software with Open Source Software
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM
      4. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
      5. IMPLICATIONS OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE DEPLOYMENT
      6. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
  11. Section 6: Tools and Technologies
    1. Chapter 67: Open Source Software Integrations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INTEGRATING OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
      11. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 68: The Agile Hour in a Virtual World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LEARNING IN A VIRTUAL WORLD
      4. IDENTIFYING THE ISSUES
      5. VIRTUAL WORLDS IN THE COMPUTING DOMAIN
      6. AGILE METHODS IN VIRTUAL WORLDS
      7. THE AGILE WORKSHOP
      8. TAKING A DESIGN-BASED APPROACH
      9. TOOL EVALUATION
      10. THEORIES AND FRAMEWORKS
      11. DESIGN AND ASSEMBLY
      12. DESIGNING THE VIRTUAL SPACE
      13. EXPERIMENTATION
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. FUTURE RESEARCH
      16. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 69: Translating Traditional Writing Process Tools to Digital Ones
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. WHERE DO WE BEGIN?
      4. DIGITAL TOOLS TO DEVELOP 21 CENTURY LEARNERS
      5. DIGITAL TOOLS USED TO CREATE, CRITIQUE, ANALYZE, AND EVALUATE
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 70: Virtualized Open Source Networking Lab
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. NETWORKING LABORATORY DESIGN AND PLANNING
      5. CASE STUDY: NETWORKING LAB FOR NETWORK MANAGEMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 71: Open Source and Free E-Learning Tools Useful in LIS Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. E-LEARNING: DEFINITION AND ITS TYPES
      3. WHAT IS OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE?
      4. OPEN SOURCE APPLICATIONS AND ITS IMPACT ON TEACHING & LEARNING
      5. OPEN SOURCE E-LEARNING TOOLS
      6. FREE E-LEARNING TOOLS
      7. E-LEARNING INITIATIVES IN INDIA
      8. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
      9. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 72: Open Education Resources
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE EXAMPLES
      4. EXTENDING OERS TO ENHANCE OPEN EDUCATION
      5. FIT FOR MULTIPLE PURPOSES?
      6. THE CAPE TOWN DECLARATION
      7. MAKING THE CASE FOR CONTEXT
      8. BARRIERS IN THE OPEN EDUCATION ONLINE ENVIRONMENT
      9. ACTIVATING ENGAGEMENT WITH PEER MENTORING
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 73: VuFind
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INDEXES VS. DATABASES
      4. SOLR FUNDAMENTALS
      5. INTRODUCING VUFIND
      6. SOLR IN THE LIBRARY: HOW VUFIND AUGMENTS SOLR
      7. VUFIND’S IMPACT ON USERS
      8. BEYOND VUFIND
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 74: The Virtual Computing Lab (VCL)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. VCL FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS KEY TO EDUCATION AND RESEARCH
      4. 3. OUTREACH TO COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND K-12
      5. 4. CURRENT ADVANCES OF VCL SYSTEM AND ACHIEVED AWARDS
      6. 5. CLOUD COMPUTING, SERVICE SCIENCE, AND VCL SYSTEM AT JORDAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 75: Open Source Software to Enhance the STEM Learning Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. VIRTUALIZATION
      5. CLOUD COMPUTING
      6. LINUX
      7. OPEN SOURCE PROGRAMMING
      8. OPEN SOURCE HARDWARE PLATFORMS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 76: Measuring Language Learners' Speaking Proficiency in a Second Language Using Economical Digital Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MOVING AWAY FROM TRADITIONAL ASSESSMENT METHODS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. NOTE
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 77: Digital Recording Platforms and Integrated Performance Assessments in Second/Foreign Language Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FREE AND OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE RECORDING TOOLS
      5. CURRICULAR AND PROCEDURAL CONSIDERATIONS
      6. RESEARCH USING AUDACITY AS A DIGITAL TOOL FOR ORAL ASSESSMENT
      7. BEST PRACTICES FOR USING AUDACITY IN INTEGRATED PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENTS
      8. CONCLUSION AND DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 78: Emergent Data Mining Tools for Social Network Analysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WEB-CONTENT EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGIES
      4. CONSIDERATIONS FOR DATA MINING OF ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORKS
      5. REVIEW OF EXISTING DATA-MINING TOOLS TO MINE ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORKS
      6. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS: A CASE STUDY
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 79: Web and Cloud Management for Building Energy Reduction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MIDDLEWARE AND WEB SERVICES FOR DATA INTEGRATION
      5. TOWARD A DISTRICT INFORMATION MODELING FOR ENERGY REDUCTION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 7: Managerial Impact
    1. Chapter 80: Advances in Technology Project Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. APPROACH
      3. IMPRESSION
      4. PROJECT MANAGEMENT
      5. COPYRIGHTS AND OPEN-SOURCING: ECONOMIC AND LEGAL IMPLICATIONS
      6. CYBER SECURITY AND SOFTWARE ASSURANCE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 81: Social Networks and Internet Communities in the Field of Geographic Information and Their Role in Open Data Government Initiatives
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STRATEGIES DEALING WITH OPEN GEOSPATIAL DATA
      5. TOP-DOWN APPROACH
      6. INSPIRE
      7. TWO-WAY APPROACH
      8. BOTTOM-UP APPROACH: USER-GENERATED CONTENT
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 82: Open Government Success Factors in Government Websites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. METHODOLOGY
      5. 4. ASSESSING TRANSPARENCY
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 83: Business Intelligence Tools for Social E-Enterprises
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOCIAL ENTERPRISES AND BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. OPEN SOURCE BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS
      6. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS CAPABILITIES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 84: Choosing and Implementing an Open Source ERMS
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 85: Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP) and Other Free Software for Accounting and Financial Management of Non-Profit Entities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FACTORS DIFFERENTIATING NON-PROFIT ENTITIES FROM OTHER ORGANIZATIONS, FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THEIR ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
      4. INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP)
      5. ERP FREE AND OPEN SOURCE SYSTEMS
      6. OTHER FREE SOFTWARE PROGRAMS FOR MANAGING ENL
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 86: Emerging Business Intelligence Technologies for SMEs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE
      4. 3. OPEN SOURCE IN SMEs
      5. 4. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE OVERVIEW
      6. 5. OPEN SOURCE BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS
      7. 6. EVALUATION OF OPEN SOURCE BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS
      8. 7. FUTURE TRENDS IN BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 87: Effort, Time, and Staffing in Continually Evolving Open-Source Projects
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. BACKGROUND
      5. 4. DATA SOURCE AND DATA DESCRIPTION
      6. 5. ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 88: Aligning Practice and Philosophy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: CONTEXTS AND CHOICES
      3. BACKGROUND: SCHOOL EDUCATION AND THEORIES OF EDUCATION
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 89: Managerial Perspective of E-Resources in Academic Libraries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-RESOURCES
      4. DEVELOPMENT OF E-RESOURCES
      5. E-RESOURCES: CHARACTERISTICS
      6. ADVANTAGEOUS FEATURES AND LIMITATIONS
      7. MANAGEMENT OF E-RESOURCES
      8. ORGANIZATION OF E-RESOURCES
      9. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, TOOLS, AND SERVICES
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
  13. Section 8: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 90: Empowering LIS Professionals and Academic Library Users in a Networked and Digital Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVES OF THE CHAPTER
      4. PARADIGM SHIFT OF LIBRARY FROM TRADITIONAL TO ICT-ENABLED LIBRARY
      5. MODERNISATION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
      6. NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE COMMISSION (NKC) AND ITS RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNISATION OF LIBRARIES
      7. CHANGING ROLE OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS IN DIGITAL ERA
      8. ROLE OF LIBRARY NETWORKS AND OTHER PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS FOR EMPOWERING LIBRARY PROFESSIONALS AND ACADEMIC LIBRARY USERS
      9. INITIATIVES TAKEN BY UNIVERSITY LIBRARY FOR EMPOWERMENT OF LIBRARY PROFESSIONALS AND USERS: A CASE STUDY OF ASSAM UNIVERSITY, SILCHAR
      10. SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 91: Electronic Resources and Next-Generation Public Library Catalogs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE NEXT-GENERATION CATALOG
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 92: Copyright Relevancy at Stake in Libraries of the Digital Era
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE COPYRIGHT DILEMMA
      4. COPYRIGHT: THE BALL IS IN WHOSE COURT?
      5. LIBRARIES AND CHANGING NATURE OF COPYRIGHT
      6. COPYRIGHT RELEVANCY IN DIGITAL ERA
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 93: User-Generated Cinema
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE RISE OF CONSUMER CO-CREATION
      5. CASE STUDY: DYSTOPIA
      6. CONCEPT OF USER-GENERATED CINEMA
      7. TARGET GROUPS AND COMMUNITY STRATEGY
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 94: Web-Based Service for Collaborative Authoring Learning Using Grid Portal
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. WEB ASSISTED COLLABORATIVE AUTHORING LEARNING
      4. 3. GRID PORTAL TECHNOLOGY
      5. 4. WEB SERVICE PARADIGM
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 95: Emerging Issues in Open Access Initiatives in Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN OA DEVELOPMENT
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 96: Open Source Object Directory Services for Inter-Enterprise Tracking and Tracing Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. 3. OBJECT NAMING SERVICE (ONS) OVERVIEW
      5. 4. DIRECTORY SERVER ARCHITECTURE AND IMPLEMENTATION
      6. 5. TRACKING APPLICATION AND INTERFACES
      7. 6. OPEN SOURCE IMPLEMENTATION
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 97: Learning4Content
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WIKI: BUILDING BLOCK FOR COLLABORATION
      4. WIKIEDUCATOR: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
      5. LEARNING4CONTENT: TRAINING FOR WIKI SKILLS
      6. FEEDBACK AND ENDORSEMENTS FROM PARTICIPANTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 98: Open Source Approach for Mitigating Misinformation Risk in Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practices
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 99: Bridging the Academia-Industry Gap in Software Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. MOTIVATION
      3. INTRODUCTION TO THE CO-FOSS MODEL
      4. STEPS TO DEVELOPING AND DELIVERING A CO-FOSS COURSE
      5. CASE STUDIES: THE EXPERIENCE AT THREE SCHOOLS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX: CO-FOSS RESOURCES
    11. Chapter 100: Code Clone Detection and Analysis in Open Source Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CODE CLONE DETECTION
      5. EMPIRICAL EVALUATION ON OPEN SOURCE APPLICATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 101: Model-Driven Reverse Engineering of Open Source Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. PROPOSED BUSINESS PROCESS RECOVERY MODEL
      5. CASE STUDY
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 102: Rethinking Expertise in the Web 2.0 Era
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHOD
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. IMPLICATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES