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Op Amps: Design, Application, and Troubleshooting

Book Description

OP Amps deliberately straddles that imaginary line between the technician and engineering worlds. Topics are carefully addressed on three levels: operational overview, numerical analysis, and design procedures. Troubleshooting techniques are presented that rely on the application of fundamental electronics principles. Systematic methods are shown that can be used to diagnose defects in many kinds of circuits that employ operational amplifiers.

One of the book's greatest strengths is the easy-to-read conversational
writing style. The author speaks directly to the student in a manner that encourages learning. This book explains the technical details of operational amplifier circuits in clear and understandable language without sacrificing technical depth.

Easy-to-read conversational style communicates procedures an technical details in simple language.
Three levels of technical material: operational overview, manericall analysis, and design procedures.
Mathematics limited to algebraic manipulation.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. PREFACE
  7. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  8. Chapter 1: Basic Concepts of the Integrated Operational Amplifier
    1. 1.1 OVERVIEW OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
    2. 1.2 REVIEW OF IMPORTANT BASIC CONCEPTS
    3. 1.3 BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF IDEAL OP AMPS
    4. 1.4 INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL OP AMPS
    5. 1.5 CIRCUIT CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
    6. 1.6 ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE
    7. SUMMARY
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  9. Chapter 2: Amplifiers
    1. 2.1 AMPLIFIER FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 2.2 INVERTING AMPLIFIER
    3. 2.3 NONINVERTING AMPLIFIER
    4. 2.4 VOLTAGE FOLLOWER
    5. 2.5 INVERTING SUMMING AMPLIFIER
    6. 2.6 NONINVERTING SUMMING AMPLIFIER
    7. 2.7 AC-COUPLED AMPLIFIER
    8. 2.8 CURRENT AMPLIFIER
    9. 2.9 HIGH-CURRENT AMPLIFIER
    10. 2.10 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS
    11. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  10. Chapter 3: Voltage Comparators
    1. 3.1 VOLTAGE COMPARATOR FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 3.2 ZERO-CROSSING DETECTOR
    3. 3.3 ZERO-CROSSING DETECTOR WITH HYSTERESIS
    4. 3.4 VOLTAGE COMPARATOR WITH HYSTERESIS
    5. 3.5 WINDOW VOLTAGE COMPARATOR
    6. 3.6 VOLTAGE COMPARATOR WITH OUTPUT LIMITING
    7. 3.7 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR VOLTAGE COMPARATORS
    8. 3.8 NONIDEAL CONSIDERATIONS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  11. Chapter 4: Oscillators
    1. 4.1 OSCILLATOR FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 4.2 WIEN-BRIDGE OSCILLATOR
    3. 4.3 VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR
    4. 4.4 VARIABLE-DUTY CYCLE
    5. 4.5 TRIANGLE-WAVE OSCILLATOR
    6. 4.6 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR OSCILLATOR CIRCUITS
    7. 4.7 NONIDEAL CONSIDERATIONS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  12. Chapter 5: Active Filters
    1. 5.1 FILTER FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 5.2 LOW-PASS FILTER
    3. 5.3 HIGH-PASS FILTER
    4. 5.4 BANDPASS FILTER
    5. 5.5 BAND REJECT FILTER
    6. 5.6 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR ACTIVE FILTERS
    7. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  13. Chapter 6: Power Supply Circuits
    1. 6.1 VOLTAGE REGULATION FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 6.2 SERIES VOLTAGE REGULATORS
    3. 6.3 SHUNT VOLTAGE REGULATION
    4. 6.4 SWITCHING VOLTAGE REGULATORS
    5. 6.5 OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION
    6. 6.6 OVER-VOLTAGE PROTECTION
    7. 6.7 POWER-FAIL SENSING
    8. 6.8 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUITS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  14. Chapter 7: Signal Processing Circuits
    1. 7.1 THE IDEAL DIODE
    2. 7.2 IDEAL RECTIFIER CIRCUITS
    3. 7.3 IDEAL BIASED CLIPPER
    4. 7.4 IDEAL CLAMPER
    5. 7.5 PEAK DETECTORS
    6. 7.6 INTEGRATOR
    7. 7.7 DIFFERENTIATOR
    8. 7.8 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUITS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  15. Chapter 8: Digital-to-Analog and Analog-to-Digital Conversion
    1. 8.1 D/A AND A/D CONVERSION FUNDAMENTALS
    2. 8.2 WEIGHTED D/A CONVERTER
    3. 8.3 R2R LADDER D/A CONVERTER
    4. 8.4 PARALLEL A/D CONVERTER
    5. 8.5 TRACKING A/D CONVERTER
    6. 8.6 DUAL-SLOPE A/D CONVERSION
    7. 8.7 SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATION A/D CONVERTER
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  16. Chapter 9: Arithmetic Function Circuits
    1. 9.1 ADDER
    2. 9.2 SUBTRACTOR
    3. 9.3 AVERAGING AMPLIFIER
    4. 9.4 ABSOLUTE VALUE CIRCUIT
    5. 9.5 SIGN CHANGING CIRCUIT
    6. 9.6 TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS FOR ARITHMETIC CIRCUITS
    7. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  17. Chapter 10: Nonideal Op Amp Characteristics
    1. 10.1 NONIDEAL DC CHARACTERISTICS
    2. 10.2 NONIDEAL AC CHARACTERISTICS
    3. 10.3 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    4. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  18. Chapter 11: Specialized Devices
    1. 11.1 PROGRAMMABLE OP AMPS
    2. 11.2 INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIERS
    3. 11.3 LOGARITHMIC AMPLIFIERS
    4. 11.4 ANTILOGARITHMIC AMPLIFIERS
    5. 11.5 MULTIPLIERS/DIVIDERS
    6. 11.6 SINGLE-SUPPLY AMPLIFIERS
    7. 11.7 MULTIPLE OP AMP PACKAGES
    8. 11.8 HYBRID OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
  19. Appendices
    1. APPENDIX 1
    2. APPENDIX 2
    3. APPENDIX 3
    4. APPENDIX 4
    5. APPENDIX 5
    6. APPENDIX 6
    7. APPENDIX 7
    8. APPENDIX 8
    9. APPENDIX 9
    10. APPENDIX 10: Thermal Calculations for Transistors
    11. APPENDIX 11: Interpretation of Oscilloscope Displays
  20. Index