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ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA'S INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY

Book Description

In the early 1980’s, Jiang Zemin, then Minister of Electronics Ministry of China, assessed the IT industry as ‘the strategic high ground in international competition.’ He "perceived the discrepancy between China’s level and the world's advanced level was so great that we had to do our utmost to catch up." Since then through numerous articles and frequent speeches he has drawn up a detailed technological and policy roadmap for doing exactly that. This volume collects over 25 pieces written over more than 20 years. It demonstrates the former president of China’s authority and insight into the development of China’s IT industry since the introduction of reforms, and the cutting-edge issues experienced throughout the global IT industry. Jiang’s ambitious goal is the transformation of China into a leader in the global IT industry by 2020. This volume offers IT industry analysts, China watchers, policy makers and advisors, IT researchers, and investors a singular and authoritative view on how China should get there.



  • Establishes key measurements for the development of China’s IT industry
  • Sets forth the priorities for government and industry I
  • Identifies opportunities for interrelating military and civilian R&D and applications
  • Reveals key obstacles to progress and directives for overcoming them
  • Sets out an R&D agenda for industry
  • Names the core industry sectors for government and industry investment
  • Identifies opportunities and the necessity for international collaboration
  • Establishes the need to develop China’s own IPR and to respect and protect others’ IPR

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Copyright
  4. About the Author
  5. Editors' Note to the Original Chinese Edition
  6. Preface*
  7. Development of Our Country's IT Industry in the New Period*
  8. I. Position and Role of the IT Industry
  9. II. Global Development Trends in the IT Industry
  10. III. Characteristics of our Country's IT Industry's Development
  11. IV. Development Strategy for the IT Industry in the New Period
  12. V. Policies and Measures for Developing the IT Industry
  13. VI. Conclusion
  14. Report on an Inspection Tour of the US and Canadian Electronics Industries*
  15. I. Changes in US Policy on Exports to China and Discussion of Joint Ventures with American and Canadian Companies
  16. II. Conditions and Characteristics of Developments Taking Place in the Electronics Industries in the US and Canada
  17. III. Technological Development Trends in the US and Canadian Electronics Industries
  18. IV. Comments and Suggestions for Making Use of the Favorable International Situation to Import US and Canadian Electronic Technology
  19. Revitalize Our Country's Electronics Industry*
  20. I. Ensure That the Electronics Industry Plays Its Role in the Four Modernizations
  21. II. Establish a Rationally Structured Electronics Industry
  22. III. Concentrate on Key Projects
  23. IV. Promote Scientific and Technological Progress and Knowledge Development
  24. Accelerate the Development of the Electronics Industry and Meet the Challenges of the New Technological Revolution*
  25. Gradually Explore a Chinese Style Development Path for the Electronics Industry*
  26. I. The New Situation Confronting our Country's Electronics Industry
  27. II. Medium- and Long-Term Planning and Tasks for the Last 2 Years of the Sixth Five-Year Program Period
  28. III. Policies and Measures for Accelerating Development
  29. Promote Rapid and Balanced Development of Our Country's Electronics Industry*
  30. I. On Improving Economic Performance
  31. II. On the Issue of Comprehensive, Overall Planning
  32. III. On Issues of Organizing and Supervising Civilian Systems Engineering and Electronic Capital Goods
  33. IV. On the Question of Avoiding Redundant Imports
  34. V. On Several Specific Issues that Arose During Discussions at the Meeting
  35. Foreign Trade in the Electronics Industry and Its Development Policy*
  36. Accelerate the Development of Our Country's Computer Industry*
  37. I. Unswervingly Adhere to the Principle of Being Application Oriented and Use Applications to Promote Research and Production
  38. II. Strive to Improve Research, Design, and Production Technology, Increase Domestication of Computers, and Establish Our Own Computer Industry
  39. III. Adopt the Innovation Strategy of Skipping Development Stages, and Take a Path of Modernizing the Electronics Industry with Chinese Characteristics
  40. IV. View the Country as a Whole, Remove Departmental and Regional Barriers, Formulate Overall Plans and Select the Best to Receive Our Support
  41. V. Adhere to the Opening up Policy and Bring in Technology and Capital to Advance Technological Progress
  42. VI. Adhere to the Principle of Pursuing Limited Objectives and Focusing on Key Areas, Concentrate on Using and Manufacturing Microcomputers, and Develop Small, Medium-Sized, and Large Computers in Light of Actual Needs
  43. VII. Intensify Development of the Computer Services Industry
  44. VIII. Continue to Implement Reform, Simplify Administration, and Delegate Power
  45. Revitalize the Electronics Industry and Promote the Four Modernizations*
  46. Write a New Chapter in Our Country's Computer Industry*
  47. I. Steadfastly Implement the Policy of Expanding Computer Use to Stimulate Computer Development and Encouraging Competition to Promote Improvements
  48. II. Take the Development Path of Importing, Assimilating, Developing, and Innovating
  49. III. Create a Management System for the Computer Industry Suitable to Our National Conditions
  50. IV. Train Computer Personnel and Increase Computer Literacy
  51. Initiate a New Phase in the Electronics Industry's Services for the Four Modernizations*
  52. I. Further Adjust the Ideology Guiding our Work and Complete the “Two Shifts” More Quickly
  53. II. Emancipate our Minds, Quicken our Pace, and Make Economic Restructuring in the Electronics Industry a Success
  54. III. Further Open to the Outside World and Accelerate the Import of Foreign Capital and Advanced Technology
  55. IV. Conscientiously Formulate the Seventh Five-Year Program for the Electronics Industry
  56. V. Promote Research and Production and Continue to Develop the Present Excellent Situation
  57. Appendix A. Basic Strategy and Measures for Accelerating the Development of our Country's Electronics Industry*
  58. I. New Characteristics of Development of the Global Electronics Industry and the Severe Challenges Our Country's Electronics Industry is Facing
  59. II. Overall Guiding Business Philosophy for Developing the Electronics Industry
  60. III. Basic Strategy for Developing the Electronics Industry
  61. IV. Embracing the World's New Technological Revolution and Basic Measures for Accelerating the Development of the Electronics Industry
  62. V. Special Policies and Measures
  63. Appendix B. Ideas for the Reform of the Electronics Industry's Management System*
  64. I. Main Ideas for Reform
  65. II. Plan for Implementing Reform
  66. III. Reform Progress and Measures
  67. Several Issues Concerning Shifting the Focus of Services in the Electronics Industry and Reforming Its Management System*
  68. I. Expanding the Scope of Services and Opening up the Market for Electronic Products
  69. II. Ensuring the Production of Military Products and Finding Civilian Applications for Military Technology
  70. III. Decentralizing Enterprises
  71. IV. Setting up Agencies
  72. V. The Seventh Five-Year Program for the Electronics Industry
  73. Conscientiously Study and Solve Problems Facing the Development of Our Country's Electronics Industry*
  74. I. Strengthen Macro-control Over the Development of the Electronics Industry to Eliminate Excessive Dispersion
  75. II. Adjust the Structure of Our Scientific and Technological Work to Improve R&D on Production Technology and Special Production Equipment
  76. III. Ensure R&D Staff are Qualified and have State-of-the-Art Equipment
  77. IV. Pay Close Attention to the Trend toward Vertical and Horizontal Integration in the Industrial Structure, with due Consideration of Features of the Microelectronics Industry
  78. V. Acknowledge that Market Distribution is an Important Aspect of the Industry and do it Well
  79. VI. Learn from Experience and Successfully Introduce Foreign Technology
  80. VII. Learn from Foreign Experience of Organizing Industrial Activities, and Conscientiously Study and Solve Problems Concerning Economic Restructuring of the Electronics Industry
  81. Development Strategy Issues in Our Country's Electronics Industry*
  82. I. Development Trends of Electronics Industries Abroad and the Current Condition of our Country's Electronics Industry
  83. II. Guiding Ideology and Strategic Objectives
  84. III. Principles, Policies, and Measures to Be Adopted
  85. New Characteristics in the Development of the World's Electronic Information Industry and Strategy Issues Concerning the Development of China's Electronic Information Industry*
  86. I. New Characteristics in the Development of the World's Electronic Information Industry
  87. II. Strategy Issues Concerning the Development of China's Electronic Information Industry
  88. Computerize Financial Management*
  89. Seizing Information Superiority Will Become a Focus in Warfare*
  90. Create a Set of Effective Mechanisms to Develop New and High Technologies and Industries That Use Them*
  91. Accelerate the Development of Our Country's Information and Network Technologies*
  92. Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the 16th World Computer Congress
  93. Strive to Accomplish the Two Historic Tasks of Mechanizing and Informationizing Our Army*
  94. Promote Rapid and Sound Development of Our Country's Information Networks*
  95. Accelerate Our Country's Informationization*
  96. Use Informationization to Drive Industrialization and Use Industrialization to Promote Informationization*
  97. Informationize the Army*
  98. I. Development and Strategic Impact of the New World Revolution in Military Affairs
  99. II. Actively Promoting a Distinctively Chinese Revolution in Military Affairs
  100. Strive to Seize the Technological Initiative in the Microelectronics, Software, and Computer Industries*
  101. I. Focus on the Position and Role of the Microelectronics Industry
  102. II. Create our Own Software and Computer Technology Systems
  103. III. Strengthen National Strategic Guidance
  104. Index