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Nursing Ethics

Book Description

Nursing Ethics presents detailed explanations of the roles and responsibilities of nurses and the code of ethics they must follow at each level of the nursing pyramid. The comprehensive coverage includes a scrupulous study of the scope of ethics in specialized areas such as paediatric nursing, community health nursing and obstetrics and gynaecology. The text is replete with supportive diagrams that enable readers to comprehend the underlying concepts. Written in a lucid style that is easily accessible, this book is an invaluable guide for the entire nursing community—students, teachers, researchers, practising nurses and managing nurses.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Brief Contents
  4. Contents
  5. Preface
  6. Section-I: Introduction to Ethics
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction to Ethics
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 Definition
      3. 1.3 Professional Ethics
      4. 1.4 History of Ethics
      5. 1.5 Importance of Ethics in Nursing Profession
      6. 1.6 Code of Ethics in India
      7. 1.7 Need and Purpose of Professional Conduct
      8. 1.8 Ethical Schools of Thought
      9. 1.9 Types of Ethics
    2. Chapter 2: Ethics in Nursing Profession
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Definition
      3. 2.3 Importance of Ethics in Nursing
      4. 2.4 Nursing Ethics
      5. 2.5 Code of Ethics
      6. 2.6 Ethical Principles Involved in Nursing
      7. 2.7 Ethical Responsibilities of a Nurse
      8. 2.8 Nursing Ethics and Professional Etiquette
      9. 2.9 Professional Etiquette for Nurses
    3. Chapter 3: Bioethical Issues
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Definitions
      3. 3.3 Need of Bioethics
      4. 3.4 Purpose and Scope
      5. 3.5 Principles of Bioethics
      6. 3.6 Bioethical Issues in Medical Practice
    4. Chapter 4: Ethical Dilemma
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Meaning of Ethical Dilemma
      3. 4.3 Types of Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing
      4. 4.4 Process of an Ethical Dilemma
      5. 4.5 Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing
      6. 4.6 Different Situational Ethical Issues in Nursing
      7. 4.7 Ethical Decision-making
      8. 4.8 Guidelines for Making Ethical Decisions
      9. 4.9 Specific Nursing Issues Related to Ethical Dilemma
      10. 4.10 Professional Role and Responsibility in Ethical Dilemma
      11. 4.11 Role of Nurse in Ethical Dilemma
    5. Chapter 5: Ethical Issues in Clinical Practice
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Objectives of Ethics in Clinical Practice
      3. 5.3 Ethical Principles Related to Clinical Practice
      4. 5.4 Ethical Issues and Value-based Practice
      5. 5.5 Nursing Practice Standards
      6. 5.6 Ethico-legal Issues in Clinical Practice
      7. 5.7 Sources of Ethics in Nursing
      8. 5.8 Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Practice
      9. 5.9 Implications for Nursing Practice
      10. 5.10 Strategies of Nursing Practice
      11. 5.11 Acountablity in Nursing Practice
      12. 5.12 Ethical Tension in Nursing Practice
  7. Section-II: Principles of Nursing Ethics
    1. Chapter 6: Autonomy in Nursing Ethics
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Meaning of Autonomy
      3. 6.3 Definitions
      4. 6.4 Status of Autonomous Nursing Practice in India
      5. 6.5 Rights and Characteristics that Support the Principles of Autonomous Nursing Practice
      6. 6.6 Elements in Nursing Autonomy
      7. 6.7 Criteria, Advantages and Disadvantages of Autonomous Nursing Practice
      8. 6.8 Autonomy in Nursing Profession
      9. 6.9 Working with Co-workers as a Team
      10. 6.10 Establishing Autonomous Practice in Specialty Areas of Nursing
      11. 6.11 Autonomy as a Human Right for Patients
      12. 6.12 Advantages of Implementing Autonomy in Patient Care
      13. 6.13 Advantages of Informed Consent
      14. 6.14 Disadvantages of Informed Consent
      15. 6.15 Characterstics of an Autonomous Nurse
      16. 6.16 Basic Dimensions of Autonomy
      17. 6.17 Themes of Autonomy in Nursing
      18. 6.18 Factors that Affect Autonomy in Nursing
      19. 6.19 Measures to Improve Autonomy in Nursing
      20. 6.20 Measures to Improve Autonomy in Patient Care
    2. Chapter 7: Confidentiality
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Meaning of Confidentiality
      3. 7.3 Definition
      4. 7.4 Important Terms in Confidentiality
      5. 7.5 Concepts Concerning Confidentiality
      6. 7.6 Types of Confidentiality
      7. 7.7 Principles of Confidentiality
      8. 7.8 The Confidentiality Model
      9. 7.9 Role of Nurse in Maintaining Confidentiality
    3. Chapter 8: Fidelity
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Definition
      3. 8.3 Meaning
      4. 8.4 Characteristics of Fidelity
      5. 8.5 Stages of Fidelity
      6. 8.6 Principles of Fidelity
      7. 8.7 Application of Fidelity in Nursing
      8. 8.8 Role of Nurse in Implementation of Fidelity
    4. Chapter 9: Morale
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Meaning of Morale
      3. 9.3 Definition
      4. 9.4 What is Morale?
      5. 9.5 Principles of Morale
      6. 9.6 Concept of Morality by Kants Approach Acts as a Base to Achieve Good Morale
      7. 9.7 Factors Influencing Morale
      8. 9.8 Continuum of Morale
      9. 9.9 Measures to Build Good Morale
      10. 9.10 Evaluation of Good Morale
      11. 9.11 Advantages of Good Morale
      12. 9.12 Disadvantages of Poor Morale
      13. 9.13 Morale Among Nurses
    5. Chapter 10: Informed Consent
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Definition
      3. 10.3 Important Principles
      4. 10.4 Meaning of Informed Consent
      5. 10.5 Types of Informed Consent
      6. 10.6 Elements of Informed Consent
      7. 10.7 Barriers to Effective Informed Consent
      8. 10.8 Contents of Informed Consent
      9. 10.9 Purpose of Getting Informed Consent
      10. 10.10 Areas Requiring Informed Consent
      11. 10.11 Informed Consent in Research
      12. 10.12 Criteria to get Informed Consent for Conducting Research on Human Subjects
      13. 10.13 Principles Involved in Framing the Informed Consent
      14. 10.14 Different Forms of Informed Consent
      15. 10.15 Role of Nurse in Getting Informed Consent Signed
  8. Section-III: Professional Regulations in Ethics
    1. Chapter 11: Nursing as an Ethical Profession
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Definition of Profession
      3. 11.3 Criteria of a Profession
      4. 11.4 Qualities of a Good Nurse
      5. 11.5 Essential Qualities of and Criteria for an Ethical Professional Nurse
      6. 11.6 Extended and Expanded Roles of a Professional Nurse
      7. 11.7 Professional Nurse–Patient Relationship
      8. 11.8 Loyalty in Nursing
      9. 11.9 Professional Ethical Conduct of a Nurse
      10. 11.10 Empowerment in Nursing
    2. Chapter 12: Code of Ethics in Nursing
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Definition
      3. 12.3 Purposes of Code of Ethics
      4. 12.4 Functions of Code of Ethics
      5. 12.5 Regulatory Bodies for Ethics
      6. 12.6 Steps Involved in Implementation of Code of Ethics by the Nurses
      7. 12.7 Role of Nurses in Application of Code of Ethics
    3. Chapter 13: Ethical Theories and Models
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Definition of Ethical Theory
      3. 13.3 Meaning of Ethical Theories and Models
      4. 13.4 Goals or Objectives of Ethical Theories
      5. 13.5 Approaches of Ethical Theory
      6. 13.6 Deontological Ethics
      7. 13.7 Consequentialism
      8. 13.8 Locating Ethical Theory in Ethics
      9. 13.9 Nursing Ethical Theories and Models
      10. 13.10 Realm–Individual Process–Situation Model
      11. 13.11 Adpie Model
      12. 13.12 Husted Formal Ethical Decision-making Model
      13. 13.13 Role of Nurses in Application of Ethical Theories and Models
      14. 13.14 Nursing Ethical Models Used in Community Health
      15. 13.15 Nursing Ethical Model Used in Research
      16. 13.16 Nursing Ethical Principles, Theories and Models Used in Nursing Education
      17. 13.17 Nursing Ethical Principles Used in Nursing Management and Administration
    4. Chapter 14: Nursing Standards
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Definitions
      3. 14.3 Meaning of Nursing Standards
      4. 14.4 Terms Used in Nursing Standards
      5. 14.5 Importance of Standards
      6. 14.6 Sources of Standards
      7. 14.7 Characteristics of Nursing Standards
      8. 14.8 Purpose of Nursing Standards
      9. 14.9 Types of Nursing Standards
      10. 14.10 Elements of Nursing Standards
      11. 14.11 Steps in Setting the Standards of Nursing Care
      12. 14.12 Uses of Nursing Standards
      13. 14.13 Ethical Principles of Nursing Standards
      14. 14.14 Indian Standards of Nursing Care
      15. 14.15 The Indian Consumer Superbrands Council (ICSC)
      16. 14.16 ANA’S Standards of Practice
      17. 14.17 Incorporating the Nursing Standards in Nursing Process
    5. Chapter 15: Patient’s Bill of Rights
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Meaning of Patient’s Rights
      3. 15.3 Purpose of Executing Patient’s Bill of Rights
      4. 15.4 Patient’s Bill of Rights During Hospitalization
      5. 15.5 Role of Nurses in Implementing the Patient’s Bill of Rights
      6. 15.6 Bill of Rights
  9. Section-IV: Ethics Issues in Nursing
    1. Chapter 16: Ethical Issues in Nursing Research
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 History of Ethical Concern in Research
      3. 16.3 Principles of Ethical Issues and Concerns in Research
      4. 16.4 Consideration of Human Rights in Research
      5. 16.5 Ethical Issues in Research Process
      6. 16.6 The Nuremberg Code (1947)
      7. 16.7 Ethical Principles Concerned with Research
      8. 16.8 Limitations in Applying Ethics and Ethical Principles in Nursing Research
    2. Chapter 17: Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing Education
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing Education
      3. 17.3 Ethical and Legal Responsibilty of a Nurse Educator
    3. Chapter 18: Ethical and Legal Issues in Paediatric Nursing
      1. 18.1 Introduction
      2. 18.2 Ethical and Legal Issues in Newborn
      3. 18.3 Ethical Issues in Toddler, Preschooler and School Age
      4. 18.4 Child Labour
      5. 18.5 Legal and Ethical Rights of the Child
      6. 18.6 Role of the State in Child Rights
      7. 18.7 Major Laws Governing Child Rights
      8. 18.8 Nurse’s Role in Protection and Successful Implementation of Child Rights
      9. 18.9 Laws to Promote Education for Child
    4. Chapter 19: Ethical and Legal Issues in Community Health Nursing
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Ethical and Legal Rights of People in the Community
      3. 19.3 Legal and Ethical Issues in Community Health Nursing
      4. 19.4 Role of a Community Health Nurse
      5. 19.5 Community Health Nursing Process
      6. 19.6 Responsibilities of Community Health Nurse in Nursing Ethics
    5. Chapter 20: Ethical and Legal Issues in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      1. 20.1 Introduction
      2. 20.2 Definition of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      3. 20.3 Ethical and Legal Issues
      4. 20.4 Ethical and Legal Issues in Antenatal Period
      5. 20.5 Sexual Abuse of Pregnant Woman
      6. 20.6 Ethical Principles
      7. 20.7 Need for Surrogate Mother
      8. 20.8 Nurse’s Role in Handling Surrogate Mother
      9. 20.9 Malnutrition and Lack of Vaccination in the Antenatal Period
      10. 20.10 Ethical Dilemmas and Issues Concerning Foetus
      11. 20.11 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Affecting the Foetus
      12. 20.12 Ethical Issues in Pregnant Women Consuming Alcohol and Drugs
      13. 20.13 Ethical and Legal Issues Involving Pregnant Women in Medical Research
      14. 20.14 Ethical and Legal Issues in Mentally Unhealthy Pregnant Women
      15. 20.15 Presentation of Dead Pregnant Woman as Foetal Container
      16. 20.16 Neglect of the Foetus by the Mother
      17. 20.17 Intranatal Issues
      18. 20.18 Ethical Principles that Underlie these Issues
      19. 20.19 Ethical Issues in Puerperium
    6. Chapter 21: Ethical and Legal Issues in Psychiatric Nursing
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Definition
      3. 21.3 Ethical and Legal Rights of Mentally Ill Patients
      4. 21.4 Medical Laws Concerning Psychiatric Patients
      5. 21.5 Ethical and Legal Responsibilities and Role of the Psychiatric Nurse
    7. Chapter 22: Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing Administration and Management
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 Definition
      3. 22.3 Ethical and Legal Issues in Management
      4. 22.4 Ethical Issues in Practice
      5. 22.5 Dependent vs Independent Functioning
      6. 22.6 Unethical Practices in Nursing
      7. 22.7 Laws that Help to Prevent Legal Issues
      8. 22.8 Role of Nurse Administrator
  10. Section-V: Special Ethical Issues in Nursing
    1. Chapter 23: Abortion
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 Definition of Abortion
      3. 23.3 Issues in Abortion
      4. 23.4 Ethical Principles of Abortion
      5. 23.5 Historical Beliefs on Abortion
      6. 23.6 Religious Beliefs Concerning Abortion
      7. 23.7 Ethical Dilemmas in Abortion
    2. Chapter 24: Euthanasia
      1. 24.1 Introduction
      2. 24.2 Definition of Euthanasia
      3. 24.3 Meaning of Euthanasia
      4. 24.4 Types of Euthanasia
      5. 24.5 Ethical Principles Underlying Euthanasia
      6. 24.6 Reasons and Legal Status for Euthanasia
      7. 24.7 Ethical Issues for Euthanasia
      8. 24.8 Ethical Issues Against Euthanasia
      9. 24.9 Role of a Nurse in Euthanasia
    3. Chapter 25: Organ Transplantation
      1. 25.1 Introduction
      2. 25.2 Definition of Organ Transplantation
      3. 25.3 Meaning of Organ Transplantation
      4. 25.4 History of Organ Transplantation
      5. 25.5 Methods of Organ Donation
      6. 25.6 Criteria for Organ Donation by the Cadaver
      7. 25.7 The Stages in Organ Donation
      8. 25.8 Ethical Issues in Organ Donation
      9. 25.9 Religious Beliefs Concerning Organ Donation and Transplantation
      10. 25.10 Types of Organ Transplantation
      11. 25.11 Meaning of Graft
      12. 25.12 Donation of Organs after Brain Death (DOBD)
      13. 25.13 Legal and Ethical Role and Responsibilities of Nurse in Organ Donation
      14. 25.14 Legal and Ethical Roles and Responsibilities of a Nurse Towards the Recipients of Organ Transplant
    4. Chapter 26: Ethical and Legal Issues in Oncology Nursing
      1. 26.1 Introduction
      2. 26.2 Definition
      3. 26.3 Meaning of Cancer
      4. 26.4 Concept of Oncology
      5. 26.5 Psychological Stages in Malignant Cancer Patients
      6. 26.6 Side Effects of Cancer Treatments
      7. 26.7 Legal and Ethical Issues in Oncology Nursing
      8. 26.8 Issues in Errors of Chemotherapeutic Drug Administration and Handling Errors
      9. 26.9 Issues in Hypersensitivity Reactions
      10. 26.10 Vesicant Extravasation Issues
      11. 26.11 Issues in Faithful Reporting of Errors and Adverse Events
      12. 26.12 Risk Management Strategies in Oncology Nursing
      13. 26.13 Issues in Compliance and Litigations (Naming, Blaming and Shaming)
      14. 26.14 Issues in Privacy Protection in Cancer Patients
      15. 26.15 Role of a Nurse in Handling, Managing, and Preventing Legal/Ethical Issues in Cancer Patients
    5. Chapter 27: Ethical and Legal Issues of the Elderly
      1. 27.1 Introduction
      2. 27.2 Definition
      3. 27.3 Developmental Tasks of the Elderly
      4. 27.4 Issues Concerning Incapacity in Ageing
      5. 27.5 Clinical Issues of Geriatic Nursing Care
      6. 27.6 Ethical Issues in Geriatric Nursing
      7. 27.7 Legal and Ethical Responsibilities of a Geriatric Nurse
      8. 27.8 Ethical Principles Involved in Geriatric Care
    6. Chapter 28: Ethical and Legal Issues in Intensive Care Unit
      1. 28.1 Introduction
      2. 28.2 Meaning of ICU
      3. 28.3 Intensive Care Nursing
      4. 28.4 Concept of ICU Care Nursing
      5. 28.5 Concept of Different Levels of Care in ICU
      6. 28.6 Other Types of ICU
      7. 28.7 Infrastructure of an ICU
      8. 28.8 Equipments Used in ICU
      9. 28.9 Members of ICU
      10. 28.10 Ethical and Legal Issues in the ICU
      11. 28.11 Role and Responsibility of Nurse in ICU
    7. Chapter 29: Ethical and Legal Issues in AIDS (HIV)
      1. 29.1 Introduction
      2. 29.2 Definition of HIV
      3. 29.3 Concept of AIDS (HIV)
      4. 29.4 Ethical Dimensions of HIV
      5. 29.5 Psychosocial Issues Among HIV/AIDS Patients
      6. 29.6 Psychosocial Approaches of Nurses
      7. 29.7 Legal and Ethical Issues in AIDS (HIV)
      8. 29.8 Role of the Nurse in Protecting HIV Patients
      9. 29.9 HIV Issues in Different Age Groups
      10. 29.10 Role of Nurse in Caring for HIV Patients
    8. Chapter 30: Ethical and Legal Issues in Perioperative Nursing
      1. 30.1 Introduction
      2. 30.2 Concept of Perioperative Nursing
      3. 30.3 Ethical and Legal Issues
      4. 30.4 Liability in Perioperative Nursing
      5. 30.5 Legal Issues in Perioperative Care
      6. 30.6 Rights of Patient in Perioperative Nursing
      7. 30.7 Consent Issues in Perioperative Nursing Care
      8. 30.8 Advance Directives Perioperative Nursing Care
      9. 30.9 Perioperative Nursing Care Issues
      10. 30.10 Bioethical Issues in Perioperative Nursing
      11. 30.11 Role of the Perioperative Nurse
  11. Acknowledgements
  12. Copyright
  13. Back Cover