Cover by Clement Nedelcu

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Discovering the Linux filesystem

Linux-based operating systems have their files organized in a very specific way that follows more or less closely the long-established Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS). According to the official FHS documentation, this standard enables:

  • Software to predict the location of installed files and directories
  • Users to predict the location of installed files and directories

Although the original standard specification was published in 1993, it is still used by modern distributions, but in a slightly revised version.

Directory structure

Unlike Microsoft Windows operating systems where all file paths begin with a drive letter (what happens if you have over twenty-six drives on your system?), FHS-based filesystems have a ...

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