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Networks and Services: Carrier Ethernet, PBT, MPLS-TP, and VPLS

Book Description

This book provides a comprehensive understanding of current and debated future networking technologies. It gives insight into building end-to-end networks and services with Carrier Ethernet, PBT, MPLS-TP, and VPLS while also shedding light on the pros and cons of these technologies for service providers and enterprise network owners.

Focusing on layer-2 networking and services, Networks and Services covers:

  • The basics of Ethernet such as protocol stack, bridges, switches, and hubs

  • Key techniques that are being used in building carrier-class Carrier Ethernet networks and services like synchronization, pseudowires, and protection

  • Carrier Ethernet network architectures and services that are currently deployed in the industry

  • Traffic management and OAM capabilities of Carrier Ethernet

  • Circuit Emulation Services

  • PBB and PBT to resolve possible scalability issues of Carrier Ethernet

  • Technologies that are competing or working with Carrier Ethernet in forming data networks and services, Transport MPLS, MPLS Transport Profile, and VPLS

  • Networks and Services: Carrier Ethernet, PBT, MPLS-TP, and VPLS is ideal for network architects, engineers, and planning professionals in telecommunications, as well as students and researchers in related disciplines.

    Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Bseries
    3. Title Page
    4. Copyright
    5. Dedication
    6. Foreword
    7. Preface
    8. Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 Basic Ethernet
      3. 1.3 Synchronization
      4. 1.4 Pseudowires
      5. 1.5 Protection
      6. 1.6 Carrier Ethernet Architecture and Services
      7. 1.7 Carrier Ethernet Traffic Management
      8. 1.8 Ethernet Operations, Administrations, and Maintenance (OAM)
      9. 1.9 Circuit Emulation
      10. 1.10 Ethernet Local Management Interface (ELMI)
      11. 1.11 PBT
      12. 1.12 T-MPLS and MPLS-TP
      13. 1.13 Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS)
    9. Chapter 2: Basic Ethernet
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 CSMA/CD
      3. 2.3 Full Duplex, Pause, Autonegotiation
      4. 2.4 Repeaters and Hubs
      5. 2.5 Bridges
      6. 2.6 Switches
      7. 2.7 Physical Layer
      8. 2.8 Temperature Hardening
      9. 2.9 Standards
      10. 2.10 Ethernet Frame Types and the Ethertype Field
      11. 2.11 Conclusion
      12. References
    10. Chapter 3: Synchronization
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Application Requirements
      3. 3.3 Synchronization Standards
      4. 3.4 NTP/SNTP
      5. 3.5 Precision Time Protocol (IEEE 1588)
      6. 3.6 Synchronous-Ethernet Networks (SyncE)
      7. 3.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    11. Chapter 4: Pseudowires
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Protocol Layers
      3. 4.3 Payload Types
      4. 4.4 Pseudowire Architecture
      5. 4.5 Control Plane
      6. 4.6 Multisegment Architecture
      7. 4.7 Multisegment Pseudowire Setup Mechanisms
      8. 4.8 Resiliency
      9. 4.9 Quality of Service and Congestion Control
      10. 4.10 Operations and Maintenance (OAM)
      11. 4.11 Security
      12. 4.12 Conclusion
      13. References
    12. Chapter 5: Ethernet Protection
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Automatic Protection Switching (APS) Entities
      3. 5.3 Linear Protection
      4. 5.4 Ring Protection
      5. 5.5 Link Aggregation
      6. 5.6 Conclusion
      7. References
    13. Chapter 6: Carrier Ethernet Architectures and Services
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Standards
      3. 6.3 Architecture
      4. 6.4 Interfaces
      5. 6.5 Services
      6. 6.6 Conclusion
      7. References
    14. Chapter 7: Carrier Ethernet Traffic Management
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Policing
      3. 7.3 Queuing, Scheduling, and Flow Control
      4. 7.4 Three CoS Model
      5. 7.5 SLAs (Service-Level Agreements)
      6. 7.6 SLAs
      7. 7.7 Application-CoS-Priority Mapping
      8. 7.8 Bandwidth Profile
      9. 7.9 Conclusion
      10. References
    15. Chapter 8: Carrier Ethernet OAM&P (Operations, Administration, Management, and Performance)
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Link OAM
      3. 8.3 Service OAM
      4. 8.4 Maintenance Entities
      5. 8.5 Maintenance Points
      6. 8.6 OAM Addressing and Frame Format
      7. 8.7 Continuity Check Message (CCM)
      8. 8.8 Loopback and Reply Messages (LBM and LBR)
      9. 8.9 Link Trace and Reply Messages (LTM and LTR)
      10. 8.10 Ethernet Alarm Indication Signal (ETH-AIS)
      11. 8.11 Ethernet Remote Defective Indication (ETH-RDI)
      12. 8.12 Ethernet Locked Signal (ETH-LCK)
      13. 8.13 Performance Measurements
      14. 8.14 Performance Monitoring
      15. 8.15 Loss Measurements
      16. 8.16 Availability
      17. 8.17 Frame Delay Measurements
      18. 8.18 Interframe Delay Variation (IFDV) Measurements
      19. 8.19 Testing
      20. 8.20 Security
      21. 8.21 OAM Bandwidth
      22. 8.22 Conclusion
      23. References
    16. Chapter 9: Circuit Emulation Services (CES)
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Circuit Emulation Functions
      3. 9.3 Adaptation Function Headers
      4. 9.4 Synchronization
      5. 9.5 TDM Application Signaling
      6. 9.6 CESoETH Defects and Alarms
      7. 9.7 Performance Monitoring of CESoETH
      8. 9.8 CESoETH Service Configuration
      9. 9.9 Conclusion
      10. References
    17. Chapter 10: Carrier Ethernet Local Management Interface
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 ELMI Messages
      3. 10.3 ELMI Message Elements
      4. 10.4 ELMI System Parameters and Procedures
      5. 10.5 UNI-C AND N Procedures
      6. 10.6 Conclusion
      7. References
    18. Chapter 11: PB (Provider Bridges), PBB (Provider Backbone Bridges), and PBT (Provider Backbone Transport)
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 IEEE 802.1AB
      3. 11.3 Provider Backbone Bridges (PBB)
      4. 11.4 PBT (Provider Backbone Transport)
      5. 11.5 Conclusion
      6. References
    19. Chapter 12: T-MPLS (Transport MPLS)
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Differences from MPLS
      3. 12.3 Architecture
      4. 12.4 T-MPLS Frame Structure
      5. 12.5 T-MPLS Networks
      6. 12.6 Conclusion
      7. References
    20. Chapter 13: MPLS-TP (MPLS-Transport Profile)
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Frame Format
      3. 13.3 Architecture
      4. 13.4 OAM (Operations, Administration, and Maintenance)
      5. 13.5 Protection Switching
      6. 13.6 Security Considerations
      7. 13.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    21. Chapter 14: Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS)
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Data Plane
      3. 14.3 LDP-Based VPLS
      4. 14.4 BGP Approach
      5. 14.5 Security
      6. 14.6 External Network–Network Interface
      7. 14.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    22. Index