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Network Warrior, 2nd Edition by Gary A. Donahue

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Chapter 6. VLAN Trunking Protocol

In complex networks, managing VLANs can be time-consuming and error-prone. The VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) is a means whereby VLAN names and numbers can be managed at central devices, with the resulting configuration distributed automatically to other devices. Take, for example, the network shown in Figure 6-1. This typical three-tier network is composed completely of Layer-2 switches. There are 12 switches in all: 2 in the core, 4 in the distribution layer, and 6 in the access layer (a real network employing this design might have hundreds of switches).

Three-tier switched network

Figure 6-1. Three-tier switched network

Let’s assume the network has 10 VLANs throughout the entire design. That’s not so bad, right? Here’s what a 10-VLAN configuration might look like on a 2950:

vlan 10
 name IT
!
vlan 20
 name Personnel
!
vlan 30
 name Accounting
!
vlan 40
 name Warehouse1
!
vlan 50
 name Warehouse2
!
vlan 60
 name Shipping
!
vlan 70
 name MainOffice
!
vlan 80
 name Receiving
!
vlan 90
 name Lab
!
vlan 100
 name Production

Now, consider that every switch in the design needs to have information about every VLAN. To accomplish this, you’ll need to enter these commands exactly the same each time into every switch. Sure, you can copy the whole thing into a text file and paste it into each switch, but the process still won’t be fun. Look at the VLAN names. There are two warehouses, a lab, a main ...

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