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NCLEX-RN® Exam Cram, Fourth Edition

Book Description

This is the eBook version of the print title. The eBook edition does not provide access to the test engine and practice test that accompanies the print book. The Publisher regrets that the CD/DVD content for this title cannot be made available Online.

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“The book offers a quick ‘cram’ approach to the NCLEX that is very user-friendly and not time-intensive. The overall approach is very learner-centered and the content is well-paced.”—Catherine Dearman, R.N., Ph.D.

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  • Covers exactly what you need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-RN® exam

  • 545 sample test questions help you gain confidence and decide when you’re ready to take the actual exam

  • Includes the popular Cram Sheet tearcard to help you remember key concepts and do extra last-minute studying

  • Exam Alerts identify important information found on the exam

  • Simplifies key medication aide concepts and techniques for easy learning

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    Covers the critical information you’ll need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-RN exam!

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  • Discover how the NCLEX-RN exam works, and how best to prepare for it

  • Understand essential disease processes, treatments, and diagnostic studies

  • Care for clients with respiratory, genitourinary, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine, cardiovascular, neurological, and many other disorders

  • Serve maternal, infant, and pediatric clients

  • Provide compassionate and effective emergency and psychiatric care

  • Consider cultural, religious, and legal concerns associated with client care

  • Review all stages of the nursing process: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation

  • Address client needs for a safe, effective-care environment; health promotion and maintenance; and psychosocial and physiological integrity

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    Table of Contents

    1. About This eBook
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright Page
    4. Contents at a Glance
    5. Table of Contents
    6. About the Authors
    7. About the Technical Editors
    8. Dedication
    9. Acknowledgments
    10. We Want to Hear from You!
    11. Reader Services
    12. Introduction
      1. Welcome to the NCLEX-RN® Exam Cram
      2. Taking the Computerized Adaptive Test
      3. The Cost of the Exam
      4. How to Prepare for the Exam
      5. How to Use This Book
      6. About the Book
      7. Contact the Authors
      8. Self-Assessment
      9. Testing Your Exam Readiness
    13. Chapter 1. Preparing for the National Council Exam for Registered Nurses
      1. Preparing for the Exam
      2. Testing Strategies
      3. Exam Prep Questions
    14. Chapter 2. Pharmacology
      1. Three Areas of Pharmacology
      2. How Nurses Work with Pharmacology
      3. Time-released Drugs
      4. Administering Medications
      5. Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs
      6. Herbals
      7. Drug Schedules
      8. Pregnancy Categories for Drugs
      9. Exam Prep Questions
    15. Chapter 3. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System
      1. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
      2. Acute Respiratory Infections
      3. Acute Respiratory Failure
      4. Emerging Infections
      5. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      6. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      7. Exam Prep Questions
      8. Suggested Reading and Resources
    16. Chapter 4. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Genitourinary System
      1. Acute Glomerulonephritis
      2. Chronic Glomerulonephritis
      3. End Stage Renal Disease
      4. Nephrotic Syndrome
      5. Urinary Calculi
      6. Urinary Tract Infections
      7. Genitourinary Disorders
      8. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
      9. Bladder Cancer
      10. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      11. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      12. Exam Prep Questions
      13. Suggested Reading and Resources
    17. Chapter 5. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoietic System
      1. Anemia
      2. Hemophilia
      3. Polycythemia Vera
      4. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      5. Pharmacology for Review
      6. Exam Prep Questions
      7. Suggested Reading and Resources
    18. Chapter 6. Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance
      1. Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
      2. Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electrolytes
      3. Metabolic Acidosis
      4. Respiratory Acidosis
      5. Metabolic Alkalosis
      6. Respiratory Alkalosis
      7. Normal Electrolyte Values
      8. Changes Associated with Aging
      9. Exam Prep Questions
      10. Suggested Reading and Resources
    19. Chapter 7. Caring for the Client with Burns
      1. Burn Classifications
      2. Nursing Care for Burn Victims
      3. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      4. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      5. Exam Prep Questions
      6. Suggested Reading and Resources
    20. Chapter 8. Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders
      1. Disorders of the Eyes
      2. Visual Tests for Review
      3. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      4. Ear Disorders
      5. Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss
      6. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      7. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      8. Exam Prep Questions
      9. Suggested Reading and Resources
    21. Chapter 9. Caring for the Client with Cancer
      1. Cancer
      2. Management of the Client with Cancer
      3. Bone Marrow and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation (PSCT)
      4. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
      5. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      6. Pharmacology for Review
      7. Exam Prep Questions
      8. Suggested Reading and Resources
    22. Chapter 10. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System
      1. Ulcers
      2. Inflammatory Bowel Disorders
      3. Diverticulitis
      4. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
      5. Diseases Associated with the Liver
      6. Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis
      7. Clostridium Difficile
      8. Food-Borne Illnesses
      9. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      10. Pharmacology for Review
      11. Exam Prep Questions
      12. Suggested Reading and Resources
    23. Chapter 11. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
      1. Fractures
      2. Osteoporosis
      3. Gout
      4. Rheumatoid Arthritis
      5. Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures
      6. Assistive Devices for Ambulation
      7. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      8. Pharmacology for Review
      9. Exam Prep Questions
      10. Suggested Reading and Resources
    24. Chapter 12. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System
      1. The Endocrine System
      2. Pituitary Disorders
      3. Thyroid Disorders
      4. Parathyroid Disorders
      5. Adrenal Gland Disorders
      6. Diabetes Mellitus
      7. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      8. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      9. Exam Prep Questions
      10. Suggested Reading and Resources
    25. Chapter 13. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System
      1. Hypertension
      2. Heart Block
      3. Myocardial Infarction
      4. Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart
      5. Buerger’s Disease
      6. Thrombophlebitis
      7. Raynaud’s Syndrome
      8. Aneurysms
      9. Congestive Heart Failure
      10. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      11. Exam Prep Questions
      12. Suggested Reading and Resources
    26. Chapter 14. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System
      1. Seizures
      2. Status Epilepticus
      3. Brain Injuries
      4. Increased Intracranial Pressure
      5. Neurological Assessment
      6. Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy)
      7. Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke
      8. Spinal Cord Injury
      9. Guillain-Barré
      10. Degenerative Neurological Disorders
      11. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      12. Pharmacology for Review
      13. Exam Prep Questions
      14. Suggested Reading and Resources
    27. Chapter 15. Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders
      1. Anxiety-Related Disorders
      2. Personality Disorders
      3. Psychotic Disorders
      4. Substance Abuse
      5. Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
      6. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      7. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      8. Exam Prep Questions
      9. Suggested Reading and Resources
    28. Chapter 16. Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client
      1. Signs of Pregnancy
      2. Prenatal Care
      3. Signs of Complications of Pregnancy
      4. Types of Abortions
      5. Complications Affecting Pregnancy
      6. Maternal Infections
      7. Preterm Labor
      8. Intrapartal Care
      9. Prelabor Testing
      10. Fetal Monitoring
      11. Pharmacologic Management of Labor
      12. Postpartum Care
      13. Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn
      14. Rh Incompatibility
      15. Contraception
      16. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      17. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      18. Exam Prep Questions
      19. Suggested Reading and Resources
    29. Chapter 17. Caring for the Pediatric Client
      1. Growth and Development
      2. Congenital Anomalies
      3. Respiratory Disorders
      4. Gastrointestinal Disorders
      5. Cardiovascular Disorders
      6. Musculoskeletal Disorders
      7. Childhood Cancer
      8. Ingestion of Hazardous Substances
      9. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      10. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      11. Exam Prep Questions
      12. Suggested Reading and Resources
    30. Chapter 18. Emergency Nursing
      1. The ABCDs of Emergency Care
      2. Trauma
      3. Poisoning
      4. Poisonous Stings and Bites
      5. Bioterrorism
      6. Diagnostic Tests for Review
      7. Pharmacology Categories for Review
      8. Exam Prep Questions
      9. Suggested Reading and Resources
    31. Chapter 19. Cultural Practices Influencing Nursing Care
      1. Cultural Assessment
      2. Healthcare of Hispanics/Latinos
      3. Healthcare of Native Americans and Alaskan Natives
      4. Healthcare of Asian-Americans
      5. Healthcare of Arab-Americans
      6. Nursing Plan Dietary Considerations Across Cultures
      7. Religious Beliefs and Refusal of Care Considerations
      8. Exam Prep Questions
      9. Suggested Reading and Resources
    32. Chapter 20. Legal Issues in Nursing Practice
      1. Types of Laws
      2. Code of Ethical Behavior in Nursing Practice
      3. Legal Theories That Affect Nursing Practice
      4. Managing Client Care
      5. Exam Prep Questions
      6. Suggested Reading and Resources
    33. Practice Exam I
      1. NCLEX-RN Exam Cram, Fourth Edition
    34. Practice Exam II
      1. NCLEX-RN Exam Cram, Fourth Edition
    35. Answers to Practice Exam I
      1. Answer Rationales
    36. Answers to Practice Exam II
      1. Answer Rationales
    37. Appendix A. Things You Forgot
      1. Therapeutic Drug Levels
      2. Vital Signs
      3. Anticoagulant Therapy
      4. Intrapartal Normal Values
      5. Standard Precautions
      6. Revised Life Support Guidelines (American Heart Association)
      7. Defense Mechanisms
      8. Nutrition Notes
      9. Immunization Schedule
    38. Appendix B. Need to Know More?
      1. Pharmacology
      2. Care of the Client with Respiratory Disorders
      3. Care of the Client with Genitourinary Disorders
      4. Care of the Client with Hematological Disorders
      5. Fluid and Electrolytes and Acid/Base Balance
      6. Care of the Client with Burns
      7. Care of the Client with Sensory Disorders
      8. Care of the Client with Neoplastic Disorders
      9. Care of the Client with Gastrointestinal Disorders
      10. Care of the Client with Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorder
      11. Care of the Client with Endocrine Disorders
      12. Care of the Client with Cardiac Disorders
      13. Care of the Client with Neurological Disorders
      14. Care of the Client with Psychiatric Disorders
      15. Maternal-Newborn Care
      16. Care of the Pediatric Client
      17. Cultural Practices Influencing Nursing Care
      18. Legal Issues in Nursing Practice
    39. Appendix C. Calculations
      1. The Apothecary System of Measurement
      2. The Household System of Measurement
      3. Metric Measurements
      4. Test Your Math Skills
      5. Answers
    40. Appendix D. Most-Prescribed Medications in the United States
    41. Appendix E. Alphabetical Listing of Nursing Boards in the United States and Protectorates
    42. Index
    43. Exam Cram The NCLEX-RN® Cram Sheet
      1. General Test Information
      2. Cultural and Religious Considerations in Health Care
      3. Tips for Assigning Staff Duties
      4. Legal Issues in Nursing