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Natural Resources Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Book Description

The perseveration of our natural environment has become a critical objective of environmental scientists, business owners, and citizens alike. Because we depend on natural resources to survive, uncovering methods for preserving and maintaining these resources has become a focal point to ensure a high quality of life for future generations. Natural Resources Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications emphasizes the importance of land, soil, water, foliage, and wildlife conservation efforts and management. Focusing on sustainability solutions and methods for preserving the natural environment, this critical multi-volume research work is a comprehensive resource for environmental conservationists, policymakers, researchers, and graduate-level students interested in identifying key research in the field of natural resource preservation and management.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editor-in-Chief
  5. Associate Editors
  6. Editorial Advisory Board
  7. Preface
  8. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: Global Warming, Climate Policy, and the Green Paradox
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THE LINKAGE BETWEEN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      4. 3. THE DAMAGING IMPACTS OF CARBON ACCUMULATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. 4. APPROPRIATE POLICY RESPONSES TO CLIMATIC CHANGE
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Management of Drought and Floods in Romania
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. STATUS OF DROUGHT AND FLOODS PLANNING IN ROMANIA: PLANS, STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMMES
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Climate Change Mitigation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT IS CLIMATE MITIGATION?
      4. GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS AND STABILIZATION
      5. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
      6. NATIONAL MISSION FOR ENHANCED ENERGY EFFICIENCY
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 4: The Environmentalism and Politics of Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PROBLEMATIC
      4. OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
      5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      6. STUDY ASSUMPTION
      7. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      8. CONCEPTUAL ISSUES IN CLIMATE CHANGE
      9. THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
      10. THE KYOTO JAPAN CONFERENCE
      11. KYOTO PROTOCOL AND ISSUES ARISING FROM IT
      12. ENVIRONMENTALISM VS. POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      13. THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE REGIME
      14. ISSUES THAT STALLED THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL
      15. UNFCCC CONFERENCES PRIOR TO DURBAN 2011
      16. CONCLUSION
      17. REFERENCES
      18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Food Security in Asia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE SURVEY
      4. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
      5. UNDERNOURISHED PEOPLE IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS OF ASIA
      6. FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN ASIA
      7. GROWTH OF AVERAGE FOOD PRODUCTION IN ASIA
      8. CONVERGENCE IN PER CAPITA FOOD PRODUCTION
      9. FOOD PRODUCTION AND UNDERNOURISHMENT
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX: LIST OF COUNTRIES IN ASIA
    6. Chapter 6: A Fresh Look at Livestock Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE POLICY DIRECTIONS: RAISING AWARENESS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 7: Protected Agriculture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS FOR SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES (SIDS)
      4. PROTECTED AGRICULTURE AS A CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGY
      5. USE OF PROTECTED AGRICULTURE IN SIDS
      6. PROTECTED AGRICULTURE AS AN ADAPTATION STRATEGY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
      7. COMBATING HIGH TEMPERATURES THROUGH COVERINGS AND VENTILATION SYSTEMS
      8. IMPROVED PROTECTED AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES
      9. ACTIONS TO SUSTAIN THE USE OF PA TECHNOLOGY AS AN ADAPTATION OPTION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Review of Climate Change Adaptation and Social Protection Policies of Ghana
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. VULNERABILITY TO HEAT STRESS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      4. 3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR HEAT STRESS AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND SOCIAL PROTECTION
      5. 4. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND SOCIAL PROTECTION POLICIES
      6. 5. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION FOR POLICY PLANNING, FORMULATION, AND IMPLEMENTATION
      7. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 9: Building Resilience to Climate Change at Local Levels
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTEXTUAL BACKGROUND
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION
      5. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND LEARNING FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. THE CHALLENGES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AWARENESS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 10: Soil Carbon Sequestration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOIL AS A TOOL OF CARBON CAPTURE
      4. METHODS FOR ESTIMATION OF SOIL CARBON CONTENT
      5. SOIL CARBON MODELS
      6. SOIL ORGANIC CARBON IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES
      7. ADVANTAGES OF SOC
      8. STUDIES FOR ESTIMATION OF SOIL CARBON STOCKS IN SOME IMPORTANT FORESTS AND EXTREME CONDITIONS OF INDIA
      9. CASE STUDY
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH OPTION
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 11: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Petroleum Industry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EMISSIONS FROM THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
      5. PETROLEUM INDUSTRY EMISSIONS ESTIMATIONS AND MONITORING
      6. POSSIBLE REDUCTIONS OF THE EMISSIONS FROM THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 12: Land Classification Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODOLOGY
      4. SCALE
      5. TECHNOLOGY
      6. REPRESENTATION
      7. ERROR AND UNCERTAINTY
      8. CONSEQUENCES
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    13. Chapter 13: Engineering Ethics, Global Climate Change, and the Precautionary Principle
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. AN EXPLICATION
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
      5. AN OBJECTION CONSIDERED
      6. HARM AND/OR REDUCTION OF QUALITY OF LIFE
      7. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS
      8. THE FURTHER BEARING OF THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
      9. HUMANITY’S CARBON BUDGET
      10. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
    14. Chapter 14: The Call for Global Responsible Inter-Generational Leadership
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
    15. Chapter 15: Education, Extension, and Training for Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SCOPE OF EDUCATION, EXTENSION, AND TRAINING
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION
      5. CLIMATE CHANGE EXTENSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
  9. Section 2: Development and Design Methodologies
    1. Chapter 16: A Framework for Understanding Adaptation by Manufacturing Industries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FRAMEWORK
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 17: Green Economy and Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THE INTERNATIONAL EFFECTS OF GREENING THE WORLD ECONOMY
      4. 3. THE FUNCTION OF COUNTRIES AND MARKETS IN A TRANSITION TO A GREEN ECONOMY
      5. 4. THE MODEL AND CARRYING OUT OF POLICIES THAT ADVANCE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESULTS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 18: Adaptation to Climate Change for Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CLIMATE CHANGE
      4. 3. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. 4. ADAPTIVE CAPACITY
      6. 5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      7. 6. FUTURE ADAPTATIONS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 19: Zanzibari Seaweed
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: EXPORT CROPS DURING AND AFTER COLONIAL RULE
      4. LIBERAL ECONOMICS AND PROGRESS: DEVELOPMENT IN FITS AND STARTS
      5. RETURNING TO AN INDIGENOUS PROGRESSIVISM AND A FOCUS ON WOMEN
      6. FOCUSING ON GLOBAL WARMING: SST AND THERMAL EXPANSION
      7. SEEKING COLLABORATIVE SOLUTIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN ZANZIBAR
      8. CURRENT RESEARCH REGARDING SEAWEED, GCC, AND ADAPTATION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH: TEACHING [COLD WATER] MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 20: Nurses, Healthcare, and Environmental Pollution and Solutions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OBJECTIVES
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 21: Sustainable Business Development by Responding to Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 22: Optimization of Natural Gas Liquefaction Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OPTIMIZATION OF THE NG PLANT WITH THE DETERMINISTIC APPROACH
      5. OPTIMIZATION OF NG PLANTS USING THE STOCHASTIC APPROACH
      6. PROCESS KNOWLEDGE-INSPIRED APPROACH FOR NG LIQUEFACTION OPTIMIZATION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 23: Flipping the Paradigm of Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. CORE IDEA
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. APPENDIX 1
      11. APPENDIX 2
      12. APPENDIX 3: CURRICULUM DESIGIN ASSESSMENT RUBRICS
    9. Chapter 24: Temporal Data Analysis and Mining Methods for Modelling the Climate Change Effects on Malaysia's Oil Palm Yield at Different Regional Scales
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RELATED WORK
      5. THE METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    10. Chapter 25: DG-ABC
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CONTEXT: THE USE OF CA, GA AND ABM IN URBAN MODELING
      4. 3. THE OVERVIEW OF THE MODEL
      5. 4. MODEL ENVIRONMENT
      6. 5. MODEL ACTORS
      7. 6. THE BEHAVIOURS OF AGENTS
      8. 7. INTEGRATION OF CA AND AGENTS
      9. 8. THE PILOT SIMULATION
      10. 9. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 26: Multi-Scale 3D Geovisualization of Urban Heat Island Data for Planning Dialogue in Toronto
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE EVOLVING CAPACITY TO UNDERTAKE 3D VISUALIZATION IN EVERYDAY PLANNING SITUATIONS
      4. GEOIDE PROJECT PII-32 VISUALIZING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
      5. CASE STUDY OUTCOMES
      6. FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 27: The Global Change App
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 28: Media Literacy as a Pathway to Bridge the Digital and STEM Divides
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE SCIENCE AS A VEHICLE FOR MEDIA LITERACY
      4. THE CAM AND LOCC PROJECTS
      5. IMPLEMENTATION STAGES OF MEDIA PROJECTS
      6. EXAMPLES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF INTEREST DRIVEN MEDIA PROJECTS
      7. FOCUS ON TWO HIGH-POVERTY SCHOOLS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    14. Chapter 29: Nigeria's Legal Instruments for Land and Water Use
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR LAND USE IN NIGERIA
      5. WATER IN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE
      6. NIGERIA’S WATER GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE
      7. A CRITIQUE OF CURRENT WATER LAWS
      8. IMPLICATIONS OF CURRENT LAND AND WATER USE PRACTICES IN NIGERIA
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 3: Utilization and Applications
    1. Chapter 30: Adaptations to Climate Change and Climate Variability in the Agriculture Sector in Mauritius
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AN OVERVIEW OF THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN MAURITIUS
      4. IMPACTS OF CC AND CV ON AGRICULTURE
      5. METHODOLOGY OF THE TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT
      6. TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT FOR ADAPTATION
      7. RESULTS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX 1
      14. APPENDIX 2
    2. Chapter 31: Sensitivity Analysis with Calibration of Natural Resource Variables under Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPLICATION OF COMPUTATIONAL GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODELS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ANALYSIS
      4. ECONOMETRIC MODELLING APPROACH
      5. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 32: Globalization, Governance, and Food Security
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
      4. FOOD SECURITY IN BRAZIL
      5. FOOD SECURITY IN RUSSIA
      6. FOOD SECURITY IN INDIA
      7. FOOD SECURITY CHINA
      8. FOOD SECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA
      9. COMPARISION OF CURRENT STATUS OF FOOD SECURITY IN BRICS
      10. GOVERNANCE AND FOOD SECURITY
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 33: The Caribbean's Response to Climate Change Impacts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CARIBBEAN REGION
      4. COUNTRY AND AGRICULTURE SECTOR OVERVIEW
      5. HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE RESPONSES
      6. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      7. ADDRESSING CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      8. ADAPTATIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE
      9. MAINSTREAMING
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 34: Soil, Water, and Agricultural Adaptations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CARIBBEAN SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES FOR AGRICULTURE
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CARIBBEAN SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES
      5. MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION FOR FOOD SECURITY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 35: Taking Action from Awareness
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. DATA COLLECTION
      7. MAJOR THEMES
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. SEATRUST INSTITUTE AND AWARE
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. EPILOGUE AND LESSONS LEARNED
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 36: A Comparative Study on World-Wide Carbon Emission Convergence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE SURVEY
      4. DATA DESCRIPTION
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 37: Coastal Poverty, Resource-Dependent Livelihood, Climate Change, and Adaptation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      5. 4. CONCLUSION AND GOVERNMENT POLICY
      6. REFERENCES
      7. APPENDIX
    9. Chapter 38: Quantifying Land Cover Change Due to Petroleum Exploration and Production in the Haynesville Shale Region Using Remote Sensing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 39: On the Use of Different Presentation Formats in an Exhibit at a Science Center to Communicate Sea Level Rise
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. LIMITATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 40: Farming Adaptations to the Impacts of Climate Change and Extreme Events in Pacific Island Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OBSERVATIONS ON THE TREND OF CYCLONES AND DROUGHT
      5. FOOD CROPS, CROPPING SYSTEM, AND FOOD SECURITY
      6. EXTREME EVENTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      7. ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
      8. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 41: Climate Change Education through Art and Science Collaborations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION THROUGH ARTISTIC COLLABORATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 42: Conferences as Learning Spaces on Climate Change and Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 43: Adaptation to Impacts of Climate Change on the Food and Nutrition Security Status of a Small Island Developing State
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN THE SEYCHELLES
      3. SEYCHELLES’ CLIMATE DATA FOR THE LAST CENTURY
      4. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE SEYCHELLES
      5. SOILS AND SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES IN THE SEYCHELLES
      6. STRUCTURES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION MEASURES WITH RESPECT TO FARMS AND HOMES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 4: Organizational and Social Implications
    1. Chapter 44: Assessing Urban Residents' Willingness to Pay for Preserving the Biodiversity of Swamp Forest
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
      10. APPENDIX: THE FORMAT OF CV QUESTION
    2. Chapter 45: Health Impact of Water-Related Diseases in Developing Countries on Account of Climate Change – A Systematic Review
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. LIST OF VARIABLES
      6. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 46: Research-Based Climate Change Public Education Programs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE TRENDS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 47: Land Deals and Sustainable Income
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE STUDY SITE
      4. REVIEW OF LITERATURE ON LAND DEALS
      5. RESEARCH METHOD
      6. EMPIRICAL RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 48: Harmonising CSR and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies to Build Community Adaptive Capacity in Bali's Tourism Sector
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. KEY FINDINGS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. 6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 49: Waterborne Diseases and Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETIOLOGIC AGENTS OF WATERBORNE DISEASES
      4. WATERBORNE DISEASES, WEATHER VARIABLES, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 50: Infectious Diseases and Climate Vulnerability in Morocco
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELEVANT CLIMATE SENSITIVE INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN MOROCCO
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES: THE CASE OF MOROCCO
      5. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE FROM A HEALTH PERSPECTIVE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
      6. MOROCCO’S ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND OPTIONS NEEDED TO EFFECTIVELY MANAGE CLIMATE-HEALTH ISSUES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 51: Climate Change Effects on Human Health with a Particular Focus on Vector-Borne Diseases and Malaria in Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPACTS
      5. MALARIA AND WEATHER CONDITIONS
      6. CLIMATE CHANGE AND MALARIA
      7. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. APPENDIX: QUESTIONNAIRE ON PERCEPTIONS OF PEOPLE LIVING IN METROPOLITAN KANO ABOUT LINKS BETWEEN MALARIA EPIDEMICS, WEATHER VARIABLES AND CLIMATE CHANGE
    9. Chapter 52: Impact of Climate Change on Groundwater Resources
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GROUNDWATER RESOURCES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 53: Impact of Rapid Urbanization and Climate Change on Agricultural Productivity in Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RAPID URBANIZATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      4. 3. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF RAPID URBANIZATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. 4. COUNTRY-BASED CLIMATE CHANGE STATUS IN AFRICA
      6. 5. CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE POLICIES IN AFRICA
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 54: Gendered Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. GENDERED IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. GENDER BASED CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY
      6. GENDER BASED CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
      7. TRANSFORMATIVE ACTIVITIES IN ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
      8. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 55: Imbalances in the Cadastre and Land Book
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROBLEMS RELATED TO CADASTRE AND LAND BOOK IN ROMANIA AND THEIR EFFECTS ON THE AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AREAS
      4. THE CURRENT SITUATION OF CADASTRE AND LAND BOOK IN ROMANIA
      5. SOLUTIONS TO REMEDY IMBALANCES AND TO IMPROVE THE CADASTRE AND LAND BOOK
      6. EFFECTS OF SOLVING CADASTRE AND LAND BOOK PROBLEMS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 56: Impacts of Climate Change on Fish Productivity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CLIMATE CHANGE, ECOLOGICAL DEGRADATION, AND POLLUTION IN MUMBAI
      4. 3. MATERIALS AND METHODS
      5. 4. PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS
      6. 5. RESULTS
      7. 6. CONCLUSION AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
  12. Section 5: Critical Issues and Challenges
    1. Chapter 57: The Dynamics of Food Insecurity in Ethiopia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DRIVING FORCES AND FOOD SYSTEM ACTIVITIES CAUSING FOOD INSECURITY
      4. MODEL DESCRIPTION
      5. MODEL ANALYSIS
      6. POLICIES AND SCENARIOS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 58: U.S. Public Support to Climate Change Initiatives?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ON COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS AND CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
      4. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO MINIMIZE AIR POLLUTION
      5. PUBLIC RESPONSE TO GOVERNMENT POLICY INITIATIVES
      6. EMPIRICAL MODEL: DATA AND METHODS
      7. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 59: Livestock and Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MITIGATING LIVESTOCK EMISSIONS
      5. BARRIERS
      6. ANIMAL AGRICULTURE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE MEDIA
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 60: Energy and Sustainability in the European Region
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEGATRENDS AND DYNAMICS IN THE GLOBAL ENERGY SECTOR
      4. THE DYNAMICS IN GLOBAL ENERGY AND THEIR IMPACT ON EUROPE
      5. EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY AND RUSSIA
      6. EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY AND EMERGING SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVES
      7. RUSSIAN ENERGY SECTOR: INTERNAL DYNAMICS
      8. RUSSIA’S ROLE IN THE EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 61: Are Climate Change Adaptation Policies a Game Changer?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: CLIMATE CHANGE IN ONTARIO, CANADA
      4. METHODS AND ANALYSIS
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION: PUBLIC HEALTH POLICY AS CONSTRAINING AND ENABLING FOR FIELDS OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE
      7. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO BOLSTER ADAPTIVE CAPACITY
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. APPENDIX: INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
    6. Chapter 62: Climate Change-Associated Conflict and Infectious Disease
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WAR, PEACE, AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE IN HISTORY
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE, RESOURCE SCARCITY, AND CONFLICT IN HISTORY
      5. MODERN RESOURCE SCARCITY AND CONFLICT
      6. ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE AND RESOURCE SCARCITY
      7. ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE AND CONFLICT
      8. CLIMATE CHANGE AND CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT: THE CASE OF SYRIA
      9. CLIMATE CHANGE, CONFLICT, AND MIGRATION
      10. MODERN CONFLICT AND DISEASE
      11. HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE
      12. EFFECTS OVER TIME AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 63: Exacerbating Health Risks in India due to Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE AND SOME THREATS TO HUMAN HEALTH: INDIAN CONTEXT
      4. SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF HEAT RELATED HEALTH IMPACTS
      5. INTEGRATING “CLIMATE CHANGE” AND “HEALTH ISSUES”: GAP IDENTIFICATION
      6. GAPS AND CHALLENGES
      7. ALTERNATE HEALTH POLICY REGIME AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
      11. APPENDIX
    8. Chapter 64: Climate Change and Adaptation through the Lens of Capability Approach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY APPROACH: THE LINKAGES
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. STUDY SITES
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 65: Social Innovation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INNOVATION AND THE INNOVATIVE PROCESS
      4. SOCIAL INNOVATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      5. AGRICULTURE MECHANISATION AND NEED FOR SOCIAL INNOVATION
      6. OTHER EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFULL SOCIAL INNOVATION ENDEAVOURS IN INDIA
      7. THE TRANSFER ATTEMPT
      8. SOCIAL INNOVATION THE FUTURE OF THE ECONOMY
      9. SOCIAL CREATIVITY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
      10. MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE THROUGH SOCIAL INNOVATION
      11. CONCLUSIONS ABOUT THE RELATIONS BETWEEN ICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      13. SUMMARY
      14. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 66: Vulnerability to Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. PROCESS OF INDICATOR DEVELOPMENT
      4. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. 4. VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT
      6. 5. ESTIMATION OF VULNERABILITY INDICATORS
      7. 6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. APPENDIX
    11. Chapter 67: Lack of Land Tenure Security as Challenges to Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LAND TENURE SYSTEM: CONCEPT AND HISTORY
      4. 3. TENURE SECURITY: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND STATUS IN BIHAR
      5. 4. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND TENURE SECURITY: AN ASSESSMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF BIHAR
      6. 5. IMPLICATION AND CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 68: The Place of Concerns for Posterity in the Global Education for Sustainable Development Agenda
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLIMATE CHANGE AND POSTERITY PROBLEM: ETHICAL CHALLENGE
      4. THE ROLE OF EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN PROMOTING FUTURE-ORIENTED CONCERNS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTE
    13. Chapter 69: Incremental Learning and Gradual Changes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FARMER EDUCATION IN CLIMATE SERVICES FOR AGRICULTURE
      5. SCIENCE FIELD SHOPS
      6. NEW KNOWLEDGE FOR THE AGRICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
      7. LEARNING ISSUES: INCREMENTAL LEARNING AND GRADUAL CHANGES
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
  13. Section 6: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 70: How Does Public Attention Influence Natural Gas Price?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. METHODOLOGY AND DATA
      5. 4. EMPIRICAL RESULTS
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 71: Sowing Political Capital and Harvesting Economic Regression
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. BACKGROUND TO LAND QUESTION IN ZIMBABWE
      5. UNDERLYING CAUSES OF FTLRP
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 72: Foreign Land Acquisition
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE STUDY LOCATION
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL ORIENTATION
      5. METHODS AND MATERIALS
      6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 73: Science Communication as a Tool for Advancing the Environmental Education on Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCEPTS AND DEBATES
      5. DISCUSSION AND POLICY OPTIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 74: Learning and Climate Change Adaptation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. ANALYSIS OF THE HALCYON ADAPTATION SCENARIO PILOT PROJECT IN CHIAWA REGION, LOWER ZAMBEZI, ZAMBIA
      6. FINDINGS
      7. POLITICAL
      8. ECONOMIC
      9. HEALTH
      10. RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH NEEDS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 75: Safety and Efficiency Enhancement in LNG Terminals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SAFETY ENHANCEMENT IN LNG TERMINALS
      5. EFFICIENCY ENHANCEMENT IN LNG TERMINALS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 76: Improving the Understanding of Climate Change Factors with Images
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT UNDERSTANDING OF CLIMATE CHANGE FACTORS
      4. A NEW UNDERSTANDING OF CLIMATE CHANGE FACTORS WITH IMAGES
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 77: Emerging Value Capture Innovative Urban Rail Funding and Financing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. VC CONCEPTS AND RATIONALE
      5. VC MECHANISMS TO CAPTURE THE VALUE
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 78: Beyond Environment, Economy, and Equity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS