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Nanostructures

Book Description

Nanostructures covers the main concepts and fundamentals of nanoscience emphasizing characteristics and properties of numerous nanostructures.

This book offers a clear explanation of nanostructured materials via several examples of synthesis/processing methodologies and materials characterization. In particular, this book is targeted to a range of scientific backgrounds, with some chapters written at an introductory level and others with the in-depth coverage required for a seasoned professional.

Nanostructures is an important reference source for early-career researchers and practicing materials scientists and engineers seeking a focused overview of the science of nanostructures and nanostructured systems, and their industrial applications.

  • Presents an accessible overview of the science behind, and industrial uses of, nanostructures. Gives materials scientists and engineers an understanding of how using nanostructures may increase material performance
  • Targeted to a wide audience, including graduate and postgraduate study with a didactic approach to aid fluid learning
  • Features an analysis of different nanostructured systems, explaining their properties and industrial applications

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Contributors
  6. 1: Basic Concepts and Principles
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1. Introduction
    3. 1.2. Final Considerations
    4. List of Symbols
  7. 2: Supramolecular Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1. General Concepts of Supramolecular Systems
    3. 2.2. Molecular Recognition
    4. 2.3. Self-Organized Systems
    5. 2.4. Multicyclic Supramolecular Systems
  8. 3: Electrochemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1. Introduction
    3. 3.2. Fundamental Aspects of Electrochemistry
    4. 3.3. Synthesis of Nanostructured Films by Electrodeposition
    5. 3.4. Oxide Formation by Anodization of Valve Metals
    6. 3.5. Conclusions
    7. List of Symbols
  9. 4: Nanostructured Films: Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) and Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Techniques
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1. Introduction
    3. 4.2. Langmuir–Blodgett Technique
    4. 4.3. Layer-by-Layer Technique
    5. 4.4. Final Considerations
    6. Acknowledgment
  10. 5: Low-Dimensional Systems: Nanoparticles
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1. Introduction
    3. 5.2. Synthesis Methods
    4. 5.3. Properties
    5. 5.4. Characterization Methods
    6. 5.5. Applications
    7. 5.6. Final Considerations
    8. List of Symbols
  11. 6: Magnetic Nanomaterials
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1. Introduction
    3. 6.2. Basic Concepts of Magnetism
    4. 6.3. SPIOs
    5. 6.4. The Structure and Physico-Chemical Properties of the SPIO Systems
    6. 6.5. Biomedical Applications
    7. 6.6. Conclusions and Perspectives
    8. List of Symbols
  12. 7: Nanocomposites of Polymer Matrices and Lamellar Clays
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1. Polymer Nanocomposites
    3. 7.2. Structures of Lamellar Clays
    4. 7.3. Structure of Polymer Nanocomposites
    5. 7.4. Methods for Obtaining Polymer Nanocomposites
    6. 7.5. Compatibilization in Nanocomposites with Nonpolar Matrices
    7. 7.6. Nanocomposites with Polar Matrices
    8. 7.7. Nanocomposites with Nonpolar Matrices
    9. 7.8. Final Considerations
  13. 8: Mathematical Fundamentals of Nanotechnology
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1. Introduction
    3. 8.2. Classical Mechanics
    4. 8.3. Quantum Mechanics
    5. List of Symbols
  14. 9: Carbon-Based Nanomaterials
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1. Introduction
    3. 9.2. Fullerenes
    4. 9.3. Carbon Nanotubes
    5. 9.4. Graphene
    6. 9.5. Conclusions and Perspectives
    7. Acknowledgments
  15. Index