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Nano Optoelectronic Sensors and Devices

Book Description

Nanophotonics has emerged as a major technology and applications domain, exploiting the interaction of light-emitting and light-sensing nanostructured materials. These devices are lightweight, highly efficient, low on power consumption, and are cost effective to produce. The authors of this book have been involved in pioneering work in manufacturing photonic devices from carbon nanotube (CNT) nanowires and provide a series of practical guidelines for their design and manufacture, using processes such as nano-robotic manipulation and assembly methods. They also introduce the design and operational principles of opto-electrical sensing devices at the nano scale. Thermal annealing and packaging processes are also covered, as key elements in a scalable manufacturing process. Examples of applications of different nanowire based photonic devices are presented. These include applications in the fields of electronics (e.g. FET, CNT Schotty diode) and solar energy.



  • Discusses opto-electronic nanomaterials, characterization and properties from an engineering perspective, enabling the commercialization of key emerging technologies
  • Provides scalable techniques for nanowire structure growth, manipulation and assembly (i.e. synthesis)
  • Explores key application areas such as sensing, electronics and solar energy

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Front Matter
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. About the Editors
  8. List of Contributors
  9. Chapter 1. Introduction
  10. 1.1. Overview
  11. 1.2. Impact of Nanomaterials
  12. 1.3. Challenges and Difficulties in Manufacturing Nanomaterials-Based Devices
  13. 1.4. Summary
  14. Chapter 2. Nanomaterials Processing for Device Manufacturing
  15. 2.1. Introduction
  16. 2.2. Characteristics of Carbon Nanotubes
  17. 2.3. Classification of Carbon Nanotubes using Microfluidics
  18. 2.4. Deposition of CNTs by Microrobotic Workstation
  19. 2.5. Summary
  20. Chapter 3. Design and Generation of Dielectrophoretic Forces for Manipulating Carbon Nanotubes
  21. 3.1. Overview
  22. 3.2. Dielectrophoretic Force Modeling
  23. 3.3. Theory for Microelectrode and Electric Field Design for Carbon Nanotube Applications
  24. 3.4. Electric Field Design
  25. 3.5. Carbon Nanotubes Application-Simulation Results
  26. 3.6. Summary
  27. Chapter 4. Atomic Force Microscope-Based Nanorobotic System for Nanoassembly
  28. 4.1. Introduction to AFM and Nanomanipulation
  29. 4.2. AFM-Based Augmented Reality System
  30. 4.3. Augmented Reality System Enhanced by Local Scan
  31. 4.4. CAD-Guided Automated Nanoassembly
  32. 4.5. Modeling of Nanoenvironments
  33. 4.6. Automated Manipulation of CNT
  34. Chapter 5. On-Chip Band Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes
  35. 5.1. Introduction
  36. 5.2. Quantum Electron Transport Model
  37. 5.3. Electrical Breakdown Controller of a CNT
  38. 5.4. Effects of CNT Breakdown
  39. 5.5. Summary
  40. Chapter 6. Packaging Processes for Carbon Nanotube-Based Devices
  41. 6.1. Introduction
  42. 6.2. Thermal Annealing of Carbon Nanotubes
  43. 6.3. Electrical and Optical Responses of Carbon Nanotubes After Thermal Annealing
  44. 6.4. Parylene Thin Film Packaging
  45. 6.5. Electrical and Optical Stability of the CNT-Based Devices After Packaging
  46. 6.6. Summary
  47. Chapter 7. Carbon Nanotube Schottky Photodiodes
  48. 7.1. Introduction
  49. 7.2. Review of CNT Photodiodes
  50. 7.3. Design of CNT Schottky Photodiodes
  51. 7.4. Symmetric Schottky Photodiodes
  52. 7.5. Asymmetric Schottky Photodiodes
  53. 7.6. Summary
  54. Chapter 8. Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor-Based Photodetectors
  55. 8.1. Introduction
  56. 8.2. Back-Gate Au–CNT–Au Transistors
  57. 8.3. Back-Gate Ag–CNT–Ag Transistors
  58. 8.4. Back-Gate Au–CNT–Ag Transistors
  59. 8.5. Middle-Gate Transistors
  60. 8.6. Multigate Transistors
  61. 8.7. Detector Array Using CNT-Based Transistors
  62. 8.8. Summary
  63. Chapter 9. Nanoantennas on Nanowire-Based Optical Sensors
  64. 9.1. Introduction
  65. 9.2. Nanoantenna Design Consideration for IR Sensors
  66. 9.3. Theoretical Analysis: Nanoantenna Near-Field Effect
  67. 9.4. Fabrication of Nano Sensor Combined with Nanoantenna
  68. 9.5. Photocurrent Measurement on Nano Sensor Combined with Nanoantenna
  69. 9.6. Summary
  70. Chapter 10. Design of Photonic Crystal Waveguides
  71. 10.2. Review of the Photonic Crystal
  72. 10.3. Principle for Photonic Crystal
  73. 10.4. Phototonic Band Gap of Photonic Crystal
  74. 10.5. Photonic Crystal Cavity
  75. 10.7. Summary
  76. Chapter 11. Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Carbon Nanotubes
  77. 11.1. Introduction
  78. 11.2. Application of Carbon Nanotubes in Organic Solar Cells
  79. 11.3. Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube-Enhanced Organic Solar Cells
  80. 11.4. Performance Analysis of OSCs Enhanced by CNTs
  81. 11.5. Electrical Role of SWCNTs in OSCs
  82. 11.6. Summary
  83. Chapter 12. Development of Optical Sensors Using Graphene
  84. 12.1. Introduction
  85. 12.2. Fabrication of Graphene-Based Devices
  86. 12.3. Dielectrophoretic Effect on Different Graphene Flakes
  87. 12.4. Electrical and Optical Behaviors of Various Graphene-Based Devices
  88. 12.5. Summary
  89. Chapter 13. Indium Antimonide (InSb) Nanowire-Based Photodetectors
  90. 13.1. Introduction
  91. 13.2. Growth of InSb Nanowires
  92. 13.3. Photodetectors Using Single InSb Nanowires
  93. 13.4. Summary
  94. Chapter 14. Carbon Nanotube-Based Infrared Camera Using Compressive Sensing
  95. 14.1. Introduction
  96. 14.2. Theoretical Foundation of Compressive Sensing
  97. 14.3. Compressive Sensing for Single-Pixel Photodetectors
  98. 14.4. Experimental Setup and Results
  99. 14.5. Summary and Perspectives
  100. Index