You are previewing Nagios, 2nd Edition.

Nagios, 2nd Edition

Cover of Nagios, 2nd Edition by Wolfgang Barth Published by No Starch Press
  1. Nagios: System and Network Monitoring, 2nd Edition
    1. Foreword to the second edition
      1. What's New in the Second Edition?
      2. Information Sources on the Internet
    2. Introduction
      1. The tests
      2. The suppliers of information
      3. Keeping admins up-to-date
      4. Taking in information from outside
      5. Other tools for network monitoring
      6. About This Book
      7. Further notes on the book
      8. Note of Thanks
    3. I. From Source Code to a Running Installation
      1. 1. Installation
      2. 2. Nagios Configuration
      3. 3. Startup
    4. II. In More Detail...
      1. 4. Nagios Basics
      2. 5. Service Checks and How They Are Performed
      3. 6. Plugins for Network Services
      4. 7. Testing Local Resources
      5. 8. Plugins for Special Tasks
      6. 9. Executing Plugins via SSH
      7. 10. The Nagios Remote Plugin Executor (NRPE)
      8. 11. Collecting Information Relevant for Monitoring with SNMP
      9. 12. The Nagios Notification System
      10. 13. Passive Tests with the External Command File
      11. 14. The Nagios Service Check Acceptor (NSCA)
      12. 15. Distributed Monitoring
    5. III. The Web Interface and Other Ways to Visualize Nagios Data
      1. 16. The Classical Web Interface
      2. 17. Flexible Web Interface with the NDOUtils
      3. 18. NagVis
      4. 19. Graphic Display of Performance Data
    6. IV. Part IV Special Applications
      1. 20. Monitoring Windows Servers
      2. 21. Monitoring Room Temperature and Humidity
      3. 22. Monitoring SAP Systems
      4. 23. Processing Events with the EventDB
    7. V. Part V Development
      1. 24. Writing Your Own Plugins
      2. 25. Determining File and Directory Sizes
      3. 26. Monitoring Oracle with the Instant Client
    8. VI. Part VI Appendixes
      1. A. An Overview of the Nagios Configuration Parameters
      2. B. Rapidly Alternating States: Flapping
      3. C. Event Handlers
      4. D. Macros
      5. E. Single Sign-On for the Nagios Web Interface
      6. F. Tips on Optimizing Performance
      7. G. The Embedded Perl Interpreter
      8. H. What's New in Nagios 3.0?
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F.2 Measures for Improving Performance

If performance is subjectively poor and the latency of the service check lies permanently in the red zone, then you need to act. But where do you start? Trying things out is preferable to studying the problem, and there are no patent recipes. Normally you will lose sight of the overall picture very quickly if you try making small adjustments here and there. You should therefore always change just one parameter at a time and give Nagios time to adjust to the new state of affairs. Depending on the system, the number of checks to be performed in the five-minute average, and other indicators, sometimes a few minutes is enough to notice changes using nagiostats or MRTG, but at other times even half an hour may ...

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