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Nagios, 2nd Edition

Cover of Nagios, 2nd Edition by Wolfgang Barth Published by No Starch Press
  1. Nagios: System and Network Monitoring, 2nd Edition
    1. Foreword to the second edition
      1. What's New in the Second Edition?
      2. Information Sources on the Internet
    2. Introduction
      1. The tests
      2. The suppliers of information
      3. Keeping admins up-to-date
      4. Taking in information from outside
      5. Other tools for network monitoring
      6. About This Book
      7. Further notes on the book
      8. Note of Thanks
    3. I. From Source Code to a Running Installation
      1. 1. Installation
      2. 2. Nagios Configuration
      3. 3. Startup
    4. II. In More Detail...
      1. 4. Nagios Basics
      2. 5. Service Checks and How They Are Performed
      3. 6. Plugins for Network Services
      4. 7. Testing Local Resources
      5. 8. Plugins for Special Tasks
      6. 9. Executing Plugins via SSH
      7. 10. The Nagios Remote Plugin Executor (NRPE)
      8. 11. Collecting Information Relevant for Monitoring with SNMP
      9. 12. The Nagios Notification System
      10. 13. Passive Tests with the External Command File
      11. 14. The Nagios Service Check Acceptor (NSCA)
      12. 15. Distributed Monitoring
    5. III. The Web Interface and Other Ways to Visualize Nagios Data
      1. 16. The Classical Web Interface
      2. 17. Flexible Web Interface with the NDOUtils
      3. 18. NagVis
      4. 19. Graphic Display of Performance Data
    6. IV. Part IV Special Applications
      1. 20. Monitoring Windows Servers
      2. 21. Monitoring Room Temperature and Humidity
      3. 22. Monitoring SAP Systems
      4. 23. Processing Events with the EventDB
    7. V. Part V Development
      1. 24. Writing Your Own Plugins
      2. 25. Determining File and Directory Sizes
      3. 26. Monitoring Oracle with the Instant Client
    8. VI. Part VI Appendixes
      1. A. An Overview of the Nagios Configuration Parameters
      2. B. Rapidly Alternating States: Flapping
      3. C. Event Handlers
      4. D. Macros
      5. E. Single Sign-On for the Nagios Web Interface
      6. F. Tips on Optimizing Performance
      7. G. The Embedded Perl Interpreter
      8. H. What's New in Nagios 3.0?

Appendix D. Macros

Macros are the salt in the Nagios soup, for without them each service would have to be defined individually for each host and each command defined separately for each host and each service. They are identified by the dollar signs surrounding them: $macro$. We will look at the definition of a command with the plugin check_http (see 6.4.2 Web server control via HTTP, page 119):

define command{
   command_name check_http
   command_line $USER1$/check_http -H $HOSTADDRESS$ $ARG1$

The definition contains three different macros: the user macro $USER1$, defined in the file resource.cfg (see 2.14 The Resources File resource.cfg, page 79), as well as $HOSTADDRESS$ and $ARG1$. The 32 possible user macros $USER1$ to $USER32$ are like constants ...

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