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Modern Trends Surrounding Information Technology Standards and Standardization within Organizations

Book Description

In fields as diverse as research and development, governance, and international trade, success depends on effective communication. However, limited research exists on how professionals can express themselves consistently across disciplines. Modern Trends Surrounding Information Technology Standards and Standardization within Organizations showcases the far-ranging economic and societal ramifications incited by technical standardization between individuals, organizations, disciplines, and nations. This publication serves as a valuable model for inter-disciplinary scholars, IT researchers, and professionals interested in the link between technology and social change in an increasingly networked and interconnected global society.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
    1. SECTION 1: STANDARDISATION AND INNOVATION
    2. SECTION 2: LOOKING INSIDE STANDARDS SETTING ORGANISATIONS
    3. SECTION 3: FOCUS ON INDIVIDUAL STANDARDS AND SECTORS
    4. SECTION 4: STANDARDISATION AND ASIA
    5. SECTION 5: ABOUT PEOPLE
    6. ENDNOTES
  7. Section 1: Standardisation and Innovation
    1. Chapter 1: Infrastructural Innovation and Generative Information Infrastructures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      4. 4. THE CPA AND I-MODE AS INSTANCES OF THE MOBILE INTERNET
      5. 5. DISCUSSION: I-MODE, CPA AND GENERATIVITY
      6. 6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 2: Responsible Innovation and Standard Selection
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THEORY
      4. 3. PROPOSITIONS AND DISCUSSION
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
  8. Section 2: Looking Inside Standards Setting Organisations
    1. Chapter 3: Analysis of Various Structures of Standards Setting Organizations (SSOs) That Impact Tension among Members
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
      4. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      5. STRUCTURE
      6. SYSTEM
      7. STRUCTURATION
      8. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 4: Industry-Led Standardization as Private Governance?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GOVERNING THROUGH STANDARDS
      4. DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING STANDARDIZATION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 5: The Evolution and Specialization of IETF Standards
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND AND METHODOLOGY
      4. 3. THE IETF STANDARDS
      5. 4. DATA-SET AND ANALYSIS METHODS
      6. 5. CHANGES IN IETF STANDARDIZATION OUTPUT AND PROCESS
      7. 6. RFC CORPUS STRUCTURE: CHANGE AND SPECIALIZATION
      8. 7. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 6: Assessing IPR Disclosure within Standard Setting
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. QUANTIFYING PATENT DISCLOSURES
      4. 3. CONCLUSION
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
  9. Section 3: Focus on Individual Standards and Sectors
    1. Chapter 7: Co-Evolutionary Analysis of Cognitive Radio Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. ONE PHENOMENON, MANY PERSPECTIVES: CR THROUGH THE PRISM OF TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION
      4. 3. CO-EVOLUTIONARY ANALYSIS OF THE CR INNOVATION PROCESS
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 8: Standards for ICT
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ICT AS A SOLUTION OR PART OF THE PROBLEM?
      4. ECONOMICS OF STANDARDS
      5. STANDARDS FOR SUSTAINABILITY
      6. EXAMPLE: A STANDARDIZED CHARGER FOR MOBILE PHONES
      7. CONCLUSION: COMPATIBILITY STANDARDS: A GREEN STRATEGY
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 9: The Rise of MP3 as the Market Standard
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THEORETICAL OVERVIEW
      4. 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. 4. THE EVOLUTION OF AUDIO FORMATS AND THE ORIGINS OF MP3
      6. 5. THE RISE OF MP3 AS THE MARKET STANDARD
      7. 6. CASE ANALYSIS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 10: Development of a Specification for Data Interchange between Information Systems in Public Hazard Prevention
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW AND RESEARCH GAP
      4. 3. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
      5. 4. RESEARCH DESIGN
      6. 5. DESCRIPTION OF THE STANDARDISATION PROJECT
      7. 6. SUCCESS FACTORS OF THE STANDARDISATION PROJECT
      8. 7. CHALLENGES AND A SOLUTION-ORIENTED APPROACH
      9. 8. PREVIEW ON THE DIFFUSION OF THE SPECIFICATION FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF STANDARDISATION THEORY AND FIRST RESULTS
      10. 9. SUMMARY AND FINAL REMARKS
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 11: Achieving Standardization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THE INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE
      4. 3. RESEARCH APPROACH
      5. 4. E-CUSTOMS STANDARDS AND INTEROPERABILITY
      6. 5. A TAXONOMY OF E-CUSTOMS STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION DEVIATION
      7. 6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 4: Standardisation and Asia
    1. Chapter 12: Standards Development as Hybridization and Capacity Building
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. DYNAMICS IN THE MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY
      4. 2. THE THIRD 3G WAY: TD-SCDMA
      5. 3. APPLICATION OF TD-SCDMA: BUILDING THE ENTIRE SUPPLY CHAIN
      6. 4. ACADEMIC INTERPRETATIONS OF THE TD-SCDMA SAGA
      7. 5. STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AS HYBRIDIZATION
      8. 6. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 13: Are Asian Countries Ready to Lead a Global ICT Standardization?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF ICT STANDARDIZATION BY REGION
      4. 3. CURRENT STATUS OF ICT CAPABILITIES
      5. 4. ROLES OF EAST ASIA (SOUTH KOREA, JAPAN, AND CHINA)
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 5: About People
    1. Chapter 14: The Role of the Individual in ICT Standardisation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION
      3. 2. A BIT ABOUT STANDARDS
      4. 3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: THE SOCIAL SHAPING OF TECHNOLOGY AND STANDARDS
      5. 4. THE INDIVIDUAL IN ICT STANDARDISATION
      6. 5. THE CASE OF IEEE 802.11
      7. 6. SOME CONCLUDING REMARKS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 15: How to Implement Standardization Education in a Country
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NATIONAL POLICY
      4. INVESTING IN ONGOING SUPPORT
      5. BRIDGING FIVE WORLDS: INDUSTRY, STANDARDIZATION BODIES, ACADEMIA, OTHER INSTITUTIONS FOR EDUCATION, AND GOVERNMENT
      6. OTHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
      7. GOVERNMENT
      8. THE PROCESS TOWARDS MORE STANDARDIZATION EDUCATION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Related References
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors