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Modeling and Simulation Techniques in Structural Engineering

Book Description

The development of new and effective analytical and numerical models is essential to understanding the performance of a variety of structures. As computational methods continue to advance, so too do their applications in structural performance modeling and analysis. Modeling and Simulation Techniques in Structural Engineering presents emerging research on computational techniques and applications within the field of structural engineering. This timely publication features practical applications as well as new research insights and is ideally designed for use by engineers, IT professionals, researchers, and graduate-level students.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. Chapter 1: Acoustic Method for the Suppression of Acoustic and Aerodynamically Induced Vibration on Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. TYPES OF ACOUSTIC SOUND GENERATION
    4. THE WAVE AND HELMHOLTZ EQUATIONS FOR SOUND PROPAGATION AND ACOUSTIC SCATTERING
    5. PROPAGATION OF ACOUSTIC WAVE DUE TO A MONOPOLE IN FREE SPACE
    6. HELMHOLTZ INTEGRAL EQUATION FOR THE ACOUSTIC FIELD
    7. BOUNDARY ELEMENT DISCRETIZATION OF THE HELMHOLTZ INTEGRAL EQUATION FOR THE ACOUSTIC FIELD
    8. VIBRATION SUPPRESSION THROUGH FLUID-STRUCTURE COUPLING
    9. TREATMENT OF ACOUSTIC-ARODYNAMIC COUPLING: ACOUSTIC-AERODYNAMIC ANALOGY
    10. PROOF OF CONCEPT GENERIC EXAMPLES: NOISE SUPPRESSION
    11. PROOF OF CONCEPT GENERIC EXAMPLES: FLUID EXCITED VIBRATION SUPPRESSION BY ACOUSTIC MEANS.
    12. AERODYNAMIC AND ACOUSTIC COUPLING PARAMETRIC STUDY
    13. CONCLUSION
    14. REFERENCES
  8. Chapter 2: Agent Based Modelling of Smart Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. AGENTS AND MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS
    4. LANGUAGES AND FRAMEWORKS
    5. MODELLING SMART BUILDINGS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Chapter 3: Definition of Static Nonlinear Procedure and Flexibility-Based Model with Application on 2D Model for an Existing Structure and Comparing Results with Time History Analysis
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NONLINEAR STATIC PUSHOVER ANALYSIS ACCORDING TO EUROCODE 8
    4. DYNAMICS IN Z_SOIL
    5. REMARKS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  10. Chapter 4: Experiments on a Ring Tension Setup and FE Analysis to Evaluate Transverse Mechanical Properties of Tubular Components
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MATERIAL AND SPECIMEN USED IN THE TEST
    4. LOADING MANDREL AND THE TEST SETUP
    5. DESIGN ASPECTS OF THE TEST SETUP
    6. RESULTS FROM RING TENSION AND MINIATURE SPECIMENS MACHINED FROM ZIRCALOY-2 PRESSURE TUBES
    7. RESULTS FROM RING TENSION AND MINIATURE SPECIMENS MACHINED FROM ZR-2.5NB PRESSURE TUBES
    8. EVALUATION OF ENGINEERING STRESS-STRAIN DATA
    9. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF RING-TENSION SETUP
    10. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    11. CONCLUSION
    12. REFERENCES
  11. Chapter 5: Dynamic Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbine Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LOADS ACTING ON AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE
    4. SOLUTION
    5. STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS OF WIND TURBINES
    6. ANSYS MULTI-PHYSICS
    7. FE SIMULATION OF ON ONSHORE WIND TURBINE
    8. FE SIMULATION OF AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 6: Seismic Reliability Analysis in the Framework of Metamodelling Based Monte Carlo Simulation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SRA BY METAMODEL BASED MCS
    4. RESPONSE APPROXIMATIONS
    5. SELECTION OF GROUND MOTION BIN
    6. EXAMPLE APPLICATION
    7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
  13. Chapter 7: Finite Element Analysis of Pipe Bends under External Loads
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    4. REFERENCES
    5. APPENDIX
  14. Chapter 8: Fuzzy Structural Analysis Using Surrogate Models
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FUZZY FINITE ELEMENT APPROACH
    4. HIGH DIMENSIONAL MODEL REPRESENTATION
    5. SURROGATE MODEL GENERATION
    6. EXPLICIT FUZZY ANALYSIS
    7. NUMERICAL EXAMPLES
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 9: FE Analysis and Experimental Investigation of Cracked and Un-Cracked Thin-Walled Tubular Components to Evaluate Mechanical and Fracture Properties
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MATERIAL, SPECIMEN, AND EXPERIMENTAL DETAILS FOR RING SPECIMENS
    4. FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF DUCTILE FRACTURE USING NONLOCAL DAMAGE MODEL
    5. RESULTS OF FE ANALYSIS FOR RING TENSILE AND FRACTURE SPECIMENS OF ZIRCALOY-4
    6. RESULTS OF FE ANALYSIS OF AXIALLY-CRACKED TUBULAR SPECIMENS IN PIN-LOADING-TENSION TEST SETUP
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. APPENDIX: NOMENCLATURE
  16. Chapter 10: MARS and Neural Network Models for Shear Strength Prediction of Squat Reinforced Concrete Walls
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BPNN AND MARS ALGORITHMS
    4. EVALUATION CRITERIA
    5. THE DATABASE
    6. THE DEVELOPED MARS AND BPNN MODELS
    7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. APPENDIX A
    11. APPENDIX B
    12. APPENDIX C: CALCULATION OF BPNN OUTPUT
  17. Chapter 11: Nonlinear System Identification of Smart Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. PCA-BASED ANFIS SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION
    5. EXAMPLE
    6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  18. Chapter 12: Polynomial Correlated Function Expansion
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. PROBLEM DEFINITION
    4. POLYNOMIAL CORRELATED FUNCTION EXPANSION
    5. APPLICATION TO RELIABILITY ANALYSIS
    6. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
    7. REFERENCES
  19. Chapter 13: Prevention of Corrosion in Austenitic Stainless Steel through a Predictive Numerical Model Simulating Grain Boundary Chromium Depletion
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NUMERICAL MODEL TO SIMULATE CHROMIUM DEPLETION AT THE GRAIN BOUNDARY
    4. CONCLUSION
    5. REFERENCES
  20. Chapter 14: Risk Analysis of Structural Engineering Systems Using Bayesian Inference
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BAYESIAN INFERENCE
    4. EXAMPLE 1: CORROSION MODEL UPDATING OF AN RC BEAM
    5. EXAMPLE 2: SEISMIC FRAGILITY ESTIMATION OF A CONTAINMENT STRUCTURE USING BAYESIAN INFERENCE
    6. EXAMPLE 3: PREDICTING FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH USING BAYESIAN UPDATING
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  21. Chapter 15: Simulating Post-Earthquake Fire Loading in Conventional RC Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SEISMIC ANALYSIS
    4. PLASTIC HINGES AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    5. FIRE ANALYSIS
    6. SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS
    7. USING THE SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE PEF RESISTANCE OF PORTAL RC FRAMES
    8. SUMMARY
    9. REFERENCES
  22. Chapter 16: Structural Integrity Assessment and Control of Ageing Onshore and Offshore Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: SIA&C CHALLENGE
    4. USE OF AHP IN SELECTING THE OPTIMAL SMR TECHNIQUE
    5. ILLUSTRATIVE CASE FOR AN OPTIMAL SMR TECHNIQUE SELECTION
    6. ILLUSTRATIVE CASE: FUZZY LOGIC BASED APPROACH FOR ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT STATUS OF A SIA&C ORGANIZATION
    7. FUZZY LOGIC BASED SIA&C ORGANIZATION ASSESSMENT APPROACH
    8. ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    11. REFERENCES
  23. Compilation of References
  24. About the Contributors