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Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications

Book Description

"...a much-needed handbook with contributions from well-chosen practitioners. A primary accomplishment is to provide guidance for those involved in modeling and simulation in support of Systems of Systems development, more particularly guidance that draws on well-conceived academic research to define concepts and terms, that identifies primary challenges for developers, and that suggests fruitful approaches grounded in theory and successful examples."

Paul Davis, The RAND Corporation

Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the underlying theory, methods, and solutions in modeling and simulation support for system of systems engineering. Highlighting plentiful multidisciplinary applications of modeling and simulation, the book uniquely addresses the criteria and challenges found within the field.

Beginning with a foundation of concepts, terms, and categories, a theoretical and generalized approach to system of systems engineering is introduced, and real-world applications via case studies and examples are presented. A unified approach is maintained in an effort to understand the complexity of a single system as well as the context among other proximate systems. In addition, the book features:

  • Cutting edge coverage of modeling and simulation within the field of system of systems, including transportation, system health management, space mission analysis, systems engineering methodology, and energy

  • State-of-the-art advances within multiple domains to instantiate theoretic insights, applicable methods, and lessons learned from real-world applications of modeling and simulation

  • The challenges of system of systems engineering using a systematic and holistic approach

  • Key concepts, terms, and activities to provide a comprehensive, unified, and concise representation of the field

  • A collection of chapters written by over 40 recognized international experts from academia, government, and industry

  • A research agenda derived from the contribution of experts that guides scholars and researchers towards open questions

  • Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications is an ideal reference and resource for academics and practitioners in operations research, engineering, statistics, mathematics, modeling and simulation, and computer science. The book is also an excellent course book for graduate and PhD-level courses in modeling and simulation, engineering, and computer science.

    Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title page
    3. Copyright page
    4. Dedication
    5. Foreword
    6. List of Contributors
    7. Notes on Contributors
    8. List of Acronyms
    9. Part I: Overview and Introduction
      1. Chapter 1: Overview and Introduction to Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications
        1. 1.1 MOTIVATION
        2. 1.2 OBJECTIVE
        3. 1.3 STRUCTURE OF THE HANDBOOK
        4. REFERENCES
      2. Chapter 2: The Role of Modeling and Simulation in System of Systems Development
        1. 2.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 2.2 SoS AND CATEGORIES OF SYSTEM
        3. 2.3 IMPORTANT SYSTEMS AND CATEGORIES
        4. 2.4 M&S IN THE SoS CATEGORY
        5. 2.5 ARCHITECTURE, ARCHITECTURE DESCRIPTION, AND DEVELOPMENT
        6. 2.6 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
        7. REFERENCES
    10. Part II: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
      1. Chapter 3: Composability
        1. 3.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 3.2 MAIER’S ATTRIBUTES OF AN SoS
        3. 3.3 CONCEPTUAL MODELING
        4. 3.4 COMPOSABILITY, INTEROPERABILITY, AND INTEGRATABILITY
        5. 3.5 THE LCIM
        6. 3.6 CURRENT STANDARDS
        7. 3.7 CURRENT RESEARCH
        8. 3.8 CONCLUSION
        9. REFERENCES
      2. Chapter 4: An Approach for System of Systems Tradespace Exploration
        1. 4.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 4.2 BACKGROUND ON TSE
        3. 4.3 SoS-SPECIFIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR TSE
        4. 4.4 AN APPROACH FOR SoS TSE
        5. 4.5 ILLUSTRATIVE CASE: ORDSS
        6. 4.6 CHAPTER SUMMARY
        7. REFERENCES
      3. Chapter 5: Data Policy Definition and Verification for System of Systems Governance
        1. 5.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 5.2 BACKGROUND
        3. 5.3 ROLE OF A DATA POLICY METHODOLOGY IN THE SoS GOVERNANCE
        4. 5.4 DESIGN OF THE DATA POLICY METHODOLOGY
        5. 5.5 EXAMPLE APPLICATION
        6. 5.6 CONCLUSIONS
        7. 5.7 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
        8. 5.8 DISCLAIMER
        9. REFERENCES
      4. Chapter 6: System Health Management
        1. 6.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 6.2 DEFINITIONS
        3. 6.3 SHM FOR A SYSTEM
        4. 6.4 SHM MODELS, SIMULATIONS, AND USES
        5. 6.5 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SYSTEMS AND SoS
        6. 6.6 SHM OF SoS
        7. 6.7 CONCLUSION
        8. REFERENCES
      5. Chapter 7: Model Methodology for a Department of Defense Architecture Design
        1. 7.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 7.2 DoD ARCHITECTURE
        3. 7.3 REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE
        4. 7.4 MODEL TOOLING
        5. 7.5 MODEL WORKFLOW
        6. 7.6 DoDAF ALL VIEWS
        7. 7.7 DoDAF OPERATIONAL VIEWS
        8. 7.8 DoDAF SYSTEMS VIEWS
        9. 7.9 DoDAF DATA AND INFORMATION VIEWS
        10. 7.10 DoDAF STANDARDS VIEWS
        11. 7.11 DoDAF SERVICES VIEWS
        12. 7.12 DoDAF CAPABILITY VIEWS
        13. 7.13 DoDAF PROJECT VIEWS
        14. 7.14 CONCLUSION
        15. REFERENCES
    11. Part III: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations with Applications and Lessons Learned
      1. Chapter 8: An Agent-Oriented Perspective on System of Systems for Multiple Domains
        1. 8.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 8.2 FROM LARGE-SCALE SYSTEMS TO SoS: MAIN M&S ISSUES
        3. 8.3 M&S APPROACHES FOR SoS
        4. 8.4 AN AGENT-ORIENTED PERSPECTIVE FOR SoS
        5. 8.5 EXPLOITING THE AGENT-ORIENTED PERSPECTIVE: APPLICATION EXAMPLES IN MULTIPLE DOMAINS
        6. 8.6 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORKS
        7. REFERENCES
      2. Chapter 9: Building Analytical Support for Homeland Security
        1. 9.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 9.2 HOMELAND SECURITY AND SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS
        3. 9.3 MODELING, SIMULATION, AND ANALYSIS FOR HOMELAND SECURITY
        4. 9.4 KNOWLEDGE SHARING FRAMEWORK
        5. 9.5 A PROTOTYPE SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS APPLICATION
        6. 9.6 SUMMARY
        7. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
        8. DISCLAIMER
        9. REFERENCES
      3. Chapter 10: Air Transportation Systems
        1. 10.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 10.2 THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS
        3. 10.3 METHODOLOGY
        4. 10.4 APPLICATIONS
        5. 10.5 LESSONS LEARNED
        6. REFERENCES
      4. Chapter 11: Systemigram Modeling for Contextualizing Complexity in System of Systems
        1. 11.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 11.2 SYSTEMS THINKING AND SoS
        3. 11.3 BSSM: AN SoS THINKING TOOL
        4. 11.4 CASE EXAMPLES
        5. 11.5 CONCLUSIONS
        6. REFERENCES
      5. Chapter 12: Using Modeling and Simulation for System of Systems Engineering Applications in the European Space Agency
        1. 12.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 12.2 APPLICATION CASES
        3. 12.3 METHODS AND TOOLS: THE ESA-AF
        4. 12.4 LESSONS LEARNED
        5. 12.5 CONCLUSIONS
        6. REFERENCES
      6. Chapter 13: System of Systems Modeling and Simulation for Microgrids Using DDDAMS
        1. 13.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 13.2 MICROGRIDS AND DDDAS
        3. 13.3 AGENT-BASED SIMULATION
        4. 13.4 CASE STUDY
        5. 13.5 RESULTS
        6. 13.6 SIMULATION RESULTS
        7. 13.7 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE VENUES
        8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
        9. REFERENCES
      7. Chapter 14: Composition of Behavior Models for Systems Architecture
        1. 14.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 14.2 COMMON CHARACTERISTICS FOR ARCHITECTURE DESCRIPTIONS
        3. 14.3 RELATED WORK
        4. 14.4 THE MP APPROACH TO BEHAVIOR MODELING
        5. 14.5 MODELING COMPONENT BEHAVIOR
        6. 14.6 MODELING COMPONENT INTERACTION AND ARCHITECTURE VIEWS
        7. 14.7 MERGING SCHEMAS
        8. 14.8 COMPARISON OF MP WITH COMMON SYSTEMS ENGINEERING NOTATIONS
        9. 14.9 ASSERTIONS AND QUERIES
        10. 14.10 IMPLEMENTATION PROTOTYPES
        11. 14.11 CHAPTER SUMMARY
        12. REFERENCES
      8. Chapter 15: Joint Training
        1. 15.1 JOINT TRAINING INTRODUCTION
        2. 15.2 SoS CHARACTERIZATION FOR ARMY AND JOINT TRAINING M&S
        3. 15.3 COMPLEXITY OF LAYERED M&S SoS
        4. 15.4 JLCCTC OVERVIEW
        5. 15.5 SoS CHARACTERIZATION FOR JLCCTC
        6. 15.6 JLCCTC SoS ENGINEERING FUNCTIONS
        7. 15.7 JLCCTC SE KEY THEMES
        8. 15.8 JLCCTC SE PROCESS
        9. 15.9 CONCLUSION
        10. REFERENCES
      9. Chapter 16: Human in the Loop in System of Systems (SoS) Modeling and Simulation: Applications to Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) Distributed Mission Operations (DMO) Training
        1. 16.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 16.2 BACKGROUND AND SCOPE
        3. 16.3 MBSE PROCESS AS APPLICABLE TO LVC DMO TRAINING
        4. 16.4 NSGC PHASE I: INTEGRATING VARIOUS MODELING ARCHITECTURES WITH AFRL SYSTEMS
        5. 16.5 NSGC PHASE II: ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACTION FOR ADVANCED SA AND SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY
        6. 16.6 APPLYING EA TO NGIC SYSTEMS
        7. 16.7 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK
        8. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
        9. REFERENCES
      10. Chapter 17: On Analysis of Ballistic Missile Defense Architecture through Surrogate Modeling and Simulation
        1. 17.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 17.2 PROPOSED APPROACH
        3. 17.3 RESULTS
        4. 17.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE WORK AND PRACTICAL APPLICATION
        5. 17.5 CONCLUSION
        6. ACRONYMS
        7. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
        8. REFERENCES
      11. Chapter 18: Medical Enhancements to Sustain Life during Extreme Trauma Care
        1. 18.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 18.2 TAMING THE PROBLEM THROUGH MBSE
        3. 18.3 MBSE AND ECMO PHASE 1: UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM
        4. 18.4 MBSE AND ECMO PHASE 2: REFACTORING THE MODELS TO BETTER SUPPORT TRADE STUDIES
        5. 18.5 FUTURE WORK AND CONCLUSIONS
        6. ACRONYMS
        7. REFERENCES
      12. Chapter 19: Utility: Problem-Focused, Effects-Based Analysis (aka Information Value Chain Analysis)
        1. 19.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 19.2 THE NEED FOR A CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK
        3. 19.3 THE PROBLEM
        4. 19.4 THE ANALYTICAL PROCESS
        5. 19.5 THE APPLICATION OF THE SE AND OTHER DISCIPLINES
        6. 19.6 SUMMARY
        7. REFERENCES
      13. Chapter 20: A Framework for Achieving Dynamic Cyber Effects through Distributed Cyber Command and Control/Battle Management (C<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">2</sup>/BM) /BM)
        1. 20.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 20.2 IA AND DEFENSE IN DEPTH: A FAILED STRATEGY
        3. 20.3 CYBER C<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">2</sup>/BM OPERATIONAL ARCHITECTURE/BM OPERATIONAL ARCHITECTURE
        4. 20.4 CYBER C<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">2</sup>/BM SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE/BM SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE
        5. 20.5 CYBER C<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">2</sup>/BM AND MISSILE DEFENSE SoSs USE-CASE SCENARIO/BM AND MISSILE DEFENSE SoSs USE-CASE SCENARIO
        6. 20.6 CONCLUSIONS
        7. REFERENCES
      14. Chapter 21: System of Systems Security
        1. 21.1 INTRODUCTION
        2. 21.2 SoS SECURITY REQUIREMENTS
        3. 21.3 SoS SECURITY CHALLENGES
        4. 21.4 SoS SECURITY SOLUTIONS
        5. 21.5 INTRUSION-TOLERANT SoS
        6. 21.6 MODELING, SIMULATION, AND EMULATION FOR SoS SECURITY
        7. 21.7 CONCLUDING REMARKS
        8. REFERENCES
    12. Part IV: Conclusions
      1. Chapter 22: Toward a Research Agenda for M&S Support of System of Systems Engineering
        1. 22.1 RELEVANT EFFORTS TOWARD A RESEARCH AGENDA
        2. 22.2 CURRENT M&S SUPPORT
        3. 22.3 ORGANIZATIONAL CHALLENGES OF SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS
        4. 22.4 AGENT-DIRECTED DECISION SUPPORT SIMULATION SYSTEMS
        5. 22.5 TOPICS OF A RESEARCH AGENDA TO IMPROVE SoSE
        6. 22.6 CONCLUSIONS
        7. REFERENCES
    13. Index
    14. End User License Agreement