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Mobile Handset Design

Book Description

The evolution of mobile communication standards presents numerous challenges in mobile handset design. Designers must continue to turn out handsets that maintain high device performance and air interface compatibility, while at the same time shrink power consumption, form factors, and costs.

Mobile Handset Design is uniquely written to equip professionals and students with a complete understanding of how a mobile phone works, and teaches the skills to design the latest mobile handsets. Das walks readers through mobile phone operating principles, system infrastructure, TDMA-FDMA-CDMA-OFDMA techniques, hardware anatomy, software and protocols, and internal modules, components, and circuits. He presents all problems associated with mobile wireless channels and recommends corresponding design solutions to overcome those issues. Mobile RF front-end, digital baseband design techniques, and associated trade-offs are also covered. Das also discusses the productization aspects and reviews new research developments for different mobile phone systems over generations.

  • Teaches basic working principles of legacy and 4G mobile systems

  • Vividly illustrates and explains all key components and the anatomy of mobile phones

  • Explains all hardware and software blocks, from principle to practice to product

  • Discusses key design attributes such as low power consumption and slim form factors

  • Moves through all topics in a systematic fashion for easy comprehension

  • Presentation files with lecture notes available for instructor use

This book is essential for practicing software, hardware and RF design engineers and product managers working to create innovate, competitive handsets. Mobile Handset Design is also ideal for fresh graduates or experienced engineers who are new to the mobile industry, and is well-suited for industry veterans as a handy reference.

Lecture materials for instructors available at www.wiley.com/go/dasmobile

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. Preface
  8. Introduction
    1. Chapter 1 “Introduction to Mobile Handsets”
    2. Chapter 2 “Problem Analysis in Mobile Communication System”
    3. Chapter 3 “Design Solutions Analysis for Mobile Handsets”
    4. Chapter 4 “Mobile RF Transmitter and Receiver Design Solutions”
    5. Chapter 5 “Wireless Channel Multiple Access Techniques for Mobile Phones”
    6. Chapter 6 “GSM System (2G) Overview”
    7. Chapter 7 “GSM Radio Modem Design: From Speech to Radio Wave”
    8. Chapter 8 “GSM Mobile Phone Software Design”
    9. Chapter 9 “GSM Mobile Phone Operations and Procedures”
    10. Chapter 10 “Anatomy of a GSM Mobile Handset”
    11. Chapter 11 “Introduction to GPRS and EDGE (2.5G) Supported Mobile Phones”
    12. Chapter 12 “UMTS System (3G) Overview”
    13. Chapter 13 “UMTS Radio Modem Design: From Speech to Radio Wave”
    14. Chapter 14 “UMTS Mobile Phone Software and Operations”
    15. Chapter 15 “Anatomy of a UMTS Mobile Handset”
    16. Chapter 16 “Next Generation Mobile Phones”
    17. Chapter 17 “Competitive Edge in Mobile Phone System Design”
  9. 1: Introduction to Mobile Handsets
    1. 1.1 Introduction to Telecommunication
    2. 1.2 Introduction to Wireless Telecommunication Systems
    3. 1.3 Evolution of Wireless Communication Systems
    4. Further Reading
  10. 2: Problem Analysis in Mobile Communication System
    1. 2.1 Introduction to Wireless Channels
    2. 2.2 Impact of Signal Propagation on Radio Channel
    3. 2.3 Signal Attenuation and Path Loss
    4. 2.4 Link Budget Analysis
    5. 2.5 Multipath Effect
    6. 2.6 Delay Spread
    7. 2.7 Doppler Spread
    8. 2.8 Fading
    9. 2.9 Signal Fading Statistics
    10. 2.10 Interference
    11. 2.11 Noise
    12. Further Reading
  11. 3: Design Solutions Analysis for Mobile Handsets
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Diversity
    3. 3.3 Channel Estimation and Equalization
    4. 3.4 Different Techniques for Interference Mitigation
    5. 3.5 Channel Coding
    6. 3.6 Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) and Incremental Redundancy
    7. 3.7 Interleaving
    8. 3.8 Modulation
    9. 3.9 Bit Rate, Baud Rate, and Symbol Rate
    10. 3.10 Inband Signaling
    11. Further Reading
  12. 4: Mobile RF Transmitter and Receiver Design Solutions
    1. 4.1 Introduction to RF Transceiver
    2. 4.2 Mixer Implementations
    3. 4.3 Receiver Front-End Architecture
    4. 4.4 Receiver Performance Evaluation Parameters
    5. 4.5 Transmitter Front-End Architecture
    6. 4.6 Transmitter Architecture Design
    7. 4.7 Transmitter Performance Measure
    8. Further Reading
  13. 5: Wireless Channel Multiple Access Techniques for Mobile Phones
    1. 5.1 Introduction to Multiple Access Techniques
    2. 5.2 Frequency Division Multiplexing
    3. 5.3 Duplexing Techniques
    4. 5.4 Spectral Efficiency
    5. 5.5 Code Division Multiple Access
    6. 5.6 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
    7. References
    8. Further Reading
  14. 6: GSM System (2G) Overview
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 History of GSM
    3. 6.3 Overview of GSM Network Architecture
    4. 6.4 PLMN and Network Operators
    5. 6.5 GSM Mobility and Roaming
    6. 6.6 GSM PLMN Services
    7. 6.7 GSM Interfaces
    8. 6.8 GSM Subscriber and Equipment Identity
    9. Further Reading
  15. 7: GSM Radio Modem Design: From Speech to Radio Wave
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 GSM Logical Channels
    3. 7.3 GSM Physical Channel
    4. 7.4 GSM Bursts
    5. 7.5 Burst RF Output Spectrum
    6. 7.6 Channel Allocation
    7. 7.7 GSM Frame Structure
    8. 7.8 Combination of Logical Channels
    9. 7.9 Physical Layer Processing for Logical Channel Transmission and Reception Procedures
    10. 7.10 Design of Transmitter and Receiver Blocks for GSM Radio Modem
    11. Further Reading
  16. 8: GSM Mobile Phone Software Design
    1. 8.1 Introduction to GSM Mobile Handset Software
    2. 8.2 Operating System Software
    3. 8.3 Device Driver Software
    4. 8.4 GSM System Protocol Software
    5. 8.5 Speech and Multimedia Application Software
    6. References
  17. 9: GSM Mobile Phone Operations and Procedures
    1. 9.1 Initial Procedures after Mobile Power ON
    2. 9.2 Idle Mode
    3. 9.3 Location Updating
    4. 9.4 Security Procedure
    5. 9.5 Access Mode
    6. 9.6 Handover
    7. 9.7 Radio Resource Control Procedure
    8. 9.8 Mobility Management Procedure
    9. 9.9 Call Routing
    10. 9.10 Power Control
    11. 9.11 Discontinuous Transmission and Reception
    12. 9.12 Frequency Hopping
    13. Further Reading
  18. 10: Anatomy of a GSM Mobile Handset
    1. 10.1 Introduction to the GSM Handset
    2. 10.2 Functional Blocks Inside a GSM Mobile Phone
    3. 10.3 Hardware Block Diagram of a Mobile Phone
    4. 10.4 GSM Transmitter and Receiver Module
    5. 10.5 Antenna
    6. 10.6 Analog to Digital Conversion (ADC) Module
    7. 10.7 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) Module
    8. 10.8 Automatic Frequency Correction Module
    9. 10.9 Loudspeaker
    10. 10.10 Microphone (MIC)
    11. 10.11 Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)
    12. 10.12 Application Processing Unit
    13. 10.13 Camera
    14. 10.14 LCD Display
    15. 10.15 Keypad
    16. 10.16 Connectivity Modules
    17. 10.17 Battery
    18. 10.18 Clocking Scheme
    19. 10.19 Alert Signal Generation
    20. 10.20 Memory
    21. 10.21 GSM Receiver Performance
    22. References
    23. Further Reading
  19. 11: Introduction to GPRS and EDGE (2.5G) Supported Mobile Phones
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 System Architecture
    3. 11.3 Services
    4. 11.4 Session Management, Mobility Management, and Routing
    5. 11.5 GPRS Protocol Architecture
    6. 11.6 Air Interface–Physical Layer
    7. 11.7 Packet Data Transport Across Layers
    8. 11.8 Channel Coding and Puncturing
    9. 11.9 Cell Re-selection
    10. 11.10 Radio Environment Monitoring
    11. 11.11 Multi-Slot Class
    12. 11.12 Dual Transfer Mode (DTM)
    13. 11.13 EDGE (Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution) Overview
    14. 11.14 Latest Advancements in GERAN (GSM/GPRS/EDGE Radio Access Network) Standard
    15. Further Reading
  20. 12: UMTS System (3G) Overview
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Evolution of the 3G Network
    3. 12.3 UTRAN Architecture
    4. 12.4 Different Interfaces in the UMTS System
    5. 12.5 Data Rate Support
    6. 12.6 Service Requirement and Frequency Spectrum
    7. 12.7 Cell Structure
    8. 12.8 UTRAN Function Description
    9. 12.9 Function Partition Over Iub
    10. Further Reading
  21. 13: UMTS Radio Modem Design: From Speech to Radio Wave
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Frequency Bands
    3. 13.3 Radio Link Frame Structure
    4. 13.4 Channel Structure
    5. 13.5 Spreading, Scrambling, and Modulation
    6. 13.6 Uplink Physical Channels
    7. 13.7 Downlink Physical Channels
    8. 13.8 Timing Relationship between Physical Channels
    9. 13.9 Transmitter Characteristics
    10. 13.10 Different Channel Usage in Various Scenarios
    11. 13.11 Compressed Mode
    12. Further Reading
  22. 14: UMTS Mobile Phone Software and Operations
    1. 14.1 Introduction to UMTS Protocol Architecture
    2. 14.2 Protocol Structure
    3. 14.3 UE Protocol Architecture
    4. 14.4 Procedures in the UE
    5. 14.5 Mobility Procedures in Connected Mode
    6. 14.6 Other Procedures during Connected Mode
    7. 14.7 Security Procedures
    8. 14.8 Measurement Procedures
    9. 14.9 Handover Procedure
    10. 14.10 Cell Update
    11. 14.11 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
    12. 14.12 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
    13. 14.13 IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)
    14. Further Reading
  23. 15: Anatomy of a UMTS Mobile Handset
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Mobile System Architecture
    3. 15.3 UE Hardware Architecture and Components
    4. 15.4 Multirate User Data Transmission
    5. 15.5 Implementation of UE System Procedures
    6. 15.6 Design of the UMTS Layer-1 Operation States
    7. Further Reading
  24. 16: Next Generation Mobile Phones
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 3GPP LTE
    3. 16.3 LTE System Design
    4. 16.4 IEEE 802.16 System
    5. 16.5 4G Mobile System
    6. 16.6 Key Challenges in Designing 4G Mobile Systems and Research Areas
    7. 16.7 Cognitive Radio
    8. Further Reading
  25. 17: Competitive Edge in Mobile Phone System Design
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 Key Challenges in Mobile Phone System Design
    3. 17.3 System Design Goal
    4. 17.4 Protocol Architecture Design Optimization
    5. 17.5 Hardware/Software Partitioning
    6. 17.6 System Performance
    7. 17.7 Adaptability
    8. 17.8 Verification, Validation, and Testing
    9. 17.9 Productization
    10. Further Reading
  26. Index