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Mixing and Mastering with IK Multimedia T-RackS®: The Official Guide

Book Description

T-RackS is a popular stand-alone audio mastering application that includes a suite of powerful analog-modeled and digital dynamics and EQ processor modules that also work perfectly as plug-ins during mixing. While T-RackS is an extremely powerful tool for improving the quality of your recordings, all of that power won't do you much good if it's misused. With Mixing and Mastering with IK Multimedia T-RackS: The Official Guide, you can learn how to harness the potential of T-RackS from mixing and mastering guru Bobby Owsinski, bestselling author of The Mixing Engineer's Handbook and The Mastering Engineer's Handbook: The Audio Mastering Handbook. Through his expert guidance, you'll learn the tips and tricks of using T-RackS processor modules to help bring your mixes to life and then master them so they're competitive with any major label release. At the end of each chapter, there are a number of questions that will help you to better understand some of the principles of mixing and mastering.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Foreword
  3. Acknowledgments
  4. About the Author
  5. Preface
  6. Bobby Owsinski Bibliography
  7. Introduction
    1. Introduction: About T-RackS 3
    2. The Technology
    3. The Processor Modules
      1. Vintage Tube Compressor 670
      2. The 670 Controls
      3. Tube Program Equalizer Model EQP-1A
      4. The EQP-1A Controls
      5. Opto Compressor
      6. The Opto Compressor Controls
      7. Brickwall Limiter
      8. The Brickwall Limiter Controls
      9. Linear Phase Equalizer
      10. The Linear Phase Equalizer Controls
      11. Classic Compressor
      12. The Classic Compressor Controls
      13. Classic Multiband Limiter
      14. The Multiband Limiter Controls
      15. Classic Clipper
      16. The Classic Clipper Controls
      17. Classic Equalizer
      18. The Classic EQ Controls
    4. Latency
    5. Plug-In Use
  8. 1. Mix Preparation
    1. Technical Prep
      1. Make a Copy of the Session
      2. Tweak the Timing
      3. Eliminate Noises
      4. Comping
      5. Tuning
    2. Setup Prep
      1. Make a Copy
      2. Delete Empty Tracks
      3. Deactivate and Hide Unused Tracks
      4. Arrange the Track Order
      5. Color-Code the Tracks
      6. Insert Section Markers
      7. Label the Tracks
      8. Set Up Groups
      9. Set Up Effects
      10. Set Up Compressors and Limiters
    3. Physical Prep
      1. Get Comfortable
      2. Note Taking
      3. Turn Off the Internet
      4. Play Something You Know
    4. Summary Questions
  9. 2. Monitoring
    1. Choosing Your Monitors
    2. Tips for Choosing a Set of Monitors
    3. Basic Monitor Setup
    4. How Loud (or Soft) Should I Listen?
    5. Listening in Mono
      1. Phase Coherency
      2. Balances
      3. Panning
    6. Listening Tips and Tricks
    7. Listening on Several Systems
    8. The Listening Environment
      1. Potential Acoustic Problems
      2. ARC
    9. Summary Questions
  10. 3. Using T-RackS Dynamics during Mixing
    1. Compressors
      1. A Brief Explanation
      2. Compression to Control Dynamics
    2. Compression as an Effect
    3. Amount of Compression
    4. Setting the Compressor
    5. Compressor Modules
      1. Vintage Tube Model 670
      2. Opto Compressor
      3. Classic Tube Compressor
    6. Limiters
      1. Limiter Modules
      2. Brickwall Limiter
      3. Classic Clipper
      4. Multiband Limiter
    7. De-Essers
    8. Summary Questions
  11. 4. Using the T-RackS EQ and Metering during Mixing
    1. Equalizers
    2. What Are You Trying to Do?
    3. A Description of the Audio Spectrum
    4. Using the Equalizer
    5. Subtractive Equalization
    6. Juggling Frequencies
      1. The Magic High-Pass Filter
      2. EQ Modules
        1. The Classic Equalizer
        2. The Linear Phase Equalizer
        3. Tube Program Equalizer EQP-1A
    7. Metering
    8. Using the Spectrum Analyzer during Mixing
    9. Summary Questions
  12. 5. Mix Buss Compression
    1. Why Use Buss Compression?
    2. When to Use It
      1. At the End of the Mix
      2. At the Beginning of the Mix
    3. Mix Buss Compressor Alternatives
    4. Setting the Compressor
    5. Typical Buss Compressor Settings
      1. Classic Compressor Typical Settings
      2. Vintage 670 Typical Settings
      3. Brickwall Limiter Typical Settings
    6. Summary Questions
  13. 6. Preparation for Mastering
    1. How Long Should It Take to Complete a Mix?
    2. When Is a Mix Finished?
    3. Mixing in the Box
    4. Alternative Mixes
    5. The TV Mix
    6. Mixing with Mastering in Mind
    7. Summary Questions
  14. 7. Introduction to Mastering
    1. Why Master Anyway?
    2. The Difference between You and a Pro
    3. The Mastering Technique
    4. Setting Up T-RackS 3 for Mastering
      1. Setting Up the Project Parameters
        1. The Export Format
        2. File Resolution
        3. Sample Rate
        4. Dithering
        5. Link to Audio File
        6. Loading Files
      2. The Preferences
    5. Summary Questions
  15. 8. Monitoring during Mastering
    1. Monitoring Techniques for Mastering
    2. Summary Questions
  16. 9. Metering
    1. The Peak Meter
    2. The RMS Meter
    3. The Perceived Loudness Meter
    4. The Phase Scope
    5. The Phase Correlation Meter
      1. Verify the Phase Issue
      2. What to Do with Out-of-Phase Material
    6. The Spectrum Analyzer
    7. How to Use the Spectrum Analyzer
    8. Typical Settings
    9. Summary Questions
  17. 10. Mastering 101 (The Mastering Process)
    1. Adjusting the Audio Level
      1. Perceived Audio Level
      2. Competitive Level
      3. Hyper-Compression: Don’t Go There!
    2. How to Get Hot Levels
      1. The Signal Chain
      2. The Limiter
      3. The Compressor
      4. Rules for Hot Levels
      5. Mastering Compressor Tips and Tricks
    3. Frequency Balance
    4. Summary Questions
  18. 11. Mastering with T-RackS 3
    1. The Mastering Signal Chain
      1. A Simple Signal Chain
        1. The Linear Phase EQ
        2. The Vintage Compressor Model 670
      2. The Brickwall Limiter
      3. Presets
      4. An Advanced Signal Chain
        1. The EQP-1A Equalizer
        2. The Classic Tube Compressor
      5. Parallel Processing
      6. The Opto Compressor
      7. Show Chain
      8. M/S Mastering
    2. The Comparison Buttons
    3. The Compare Function
    4. The Waveform Display
      1. Trim
      2. Fades
        1. Fade-Ins
        2. Fade-Outs
      3. Loops
      4. Snapshots
    5. Summary Questions
  19. 12. Exporting Your Project
    1. Exporting in T-RackS 3
    2. Mastering for CD
      1. Song Order
      2. Spreads
      3. PQ Subcodes
        1. ISRC Codes
        2. UPC Code
        3. CD-Text
    3. Mastering for the Internet
      1. MP3 Encoding
        1. Lossy Data Compression
        2. The Source File
        3. The Encoder
        4. MP3 Encoding Tips
      2. Exporting for iTunes
      3. FLAC Files
      4. ALAC Files
    4. Summary Questions
  20. 1. Glossary
  21. 2. Appendix : Answers to Summary Questions
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12