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Mismatch by Stuart Jr. Taylor, Richard H. Sander

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CHAPTER SIXTEEN
CLASS, RACE, AND THE TARGETING OF PREFERENCES
AT THE INCEPTION OF THE affirmative action era in the late 1960s, the foremost advocates of action stressed the fundamental goal of social mobility—of using the civil rights revolution as an engine for broadly smoothing the path of opportunity. The 1968 Kerner Commission famously argued that “white racism” was the root cause of urban black riots, but it emphasized the importance of helping the disadvantaged in a race-neutral way. Martin Luther King Jr. also emphasized that “it is a simple matter of justice that America, in dealing creatively with the task of raising the Negro from backwardness, should also be rescuing a large stratum of the forgotten white poor.” And indeed, though ...

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