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MIMO Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition

Book Description

This book is unique in presenting channels, techniques and standards for the next generation of MIMO wireless networks. Through a unified framework, it emphasizes how propagation mechanisms impact the system performance under realistic power constraints. Combining a solid mathematical analysis with a physical and intuitive approach to space-time signal processing, the book progressively derives innovative designs for space-time coding and precoding as well as multi-user and multi-cell techniques, taking into consideration that MIMO channels are often far from ideal. Reflecting developments since the first edition was published, this book has been thoroughly revised, and now includes new sections and five new chapters, respectively dealing with receiver design, multi-user MIMO, multi-cell MIMO, MIMO implementation in standards, and MIMO system-level evaluation.



• Extended introduction to multi-dimensional propagation, including polarization aspects

• Detailed and comparative description of physical models and analytical representations of single- and multi-link MIMO channels, covering the latest standardized models

• Thorough overview of space-time coding techniques, covering both classical and more recent schemes under information theory and error probability perspectives

• Intuitive illustration of how real-world propagation affects the capacity and the error performance of MIMO transmission schemes

•Detailed information theoretic analysis of multiple access, broadcast and interference channels

•In-depth presentation of multi-user diversity, resource allocation and (non-)linear MU-MIMO precoding techniques with perfect and imperfect channel knowledge

• Extensive coverage of cooperative multi-cell MIMO-OFDMA networks, including network resource allocation optimization, coordinated scheduling, beamforming and power control, interference alignment, joint processing, massive and network MIMO

• Applications of MIMO and Coordinated Multi-Point (CoMP) in LTE, LTE-A and WiMAX

• Theoretical derivations and results contrasted with practical system level evaluations highlighting the performance of single- and multi-cell MIMO techniques in realistic deployments

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. List of Figures
  7. List of Tables
  8. Preface
  9. List of Abbreviations
  10. List of Symbols
  11. About The Author
  12. Chapter 1. Introduction to Multi-Antenna Communications
    1. 1.1 Brief history of array processing
    2. 1.2 Space-time wireless channels for multi-antenna systems
    3. 1.3 Exploiting multiple antennas in wireless systems
    4. 1.4 Single-input multiple-output systems
    5. 1.5 Multiple-input single-output systems
    6. 1.6 Multiple-input multiple-output systems
    7. 1.7 Multi-link MIMO networks: from multi-user to multi-cell MIMO
    8. 1.8 MIMO techniques in commercial wireless systems
    9. References
  13. Chapter 2. From Multi-Dimensional Propagation to Multi-Link MIMO Channels
    1. 2.1 Double-Directional Channel Modeling
    2. 2.2 The Mimo Channel Matrix
    3. 2.3 Statistical Properties Of The Mimo Channel Matrix
    4. 2.4 Multi-Link Mimo Propagation
    5. 2.5 Impact Of Antenna Arrays On Mimo Channels
    6. 2.6 Towards Mimo Channel Modeling
    7. References
  14. Chapter 3. Analytical MIMO Channel Representations for System Design
    1. 3.1 Propagation-Motivated MIMO Metrics
    2. 3.2 Analytical Single-Link Representations of Narrowband Correlated MIMO Channels
    3. 3.3 Dual-Polarized Channels
    4. 3.4 Separable Representations of Gaussian MIMO Channels
    5. 3.5 Frequency Selective MIMO Channels
    6. 3.6 Analytical Multi-Link Representations of MIMO Channels
    7. References
  15. Chapter 4. Physical MIMO Channel Models For Performance Simulation
    1. 4.1 Electromagnetic Models
    2. 4.2 Geometry-Based Stochastic Models
    3. 4.3 Empirical Channel Models
    4. 4.4 Standardized Mimo Channel Models
    5. References
  16. Chapter 5. Capacity of Single-Link MIMO Channels
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Capacity of Deterministic MIMO Channels
    3. 5.3 Ergodic Capacity of Fast Fading Channels
    4. 5.4 I.I.D. Rayleigh Fast Fading Channels
    5. 5.5 Correlated Rayleigh Fast Fading Channels
    6. 5.6 Ricean Fast Fading Channels
    7. 5.7 Outage Capacity and Probability and Diversity-Multiplexing Trade-Off in Slow Fading Channels
    8. 5.8 I.I.D. Rayleigh Slow Fading Channels
    9. 5.9 Correlated Rayleigh and Ricean Slow Fading Channels
    10. References
  17. Chapter 6. Space-Time Coding Over I.I.D. Rayleigh Flat Fading Channels
    1. 6.1 Overview of a Space-Time Encoder
    2. 6.2 System Model
    3. 6.3 Error Probability Motivated Design Methodology
    4. 6.4 Information Theory Motivated Design Methodology
    5. 6.5 Space-Time Block Coding
    6. 6.6 Space-Time Trellis Coding
    7. References
  18. Chapter 7. MIMO Receiver Design: Detection and Channel Estimation
    1. 7.1 Reminder: System Model
    2. 7.2 Mimo Receivers For Uncoded Transmissions
    3. 7.1 Mimo Receivers For Coded Transmissions
    4. 7.2 Mimo Channel Estimation
    5. References
  19. Chapter 8. Error Probability in Real-World MIMO Channels
    1. 8.1 A Conditional Pairwise Error Probability Approach
    2. 8.2 Introduction to an Average Pairwise Error Probability Approach
    3. 8.3 Average Pairwise Error Probability in Rayleigh Fading Channels
    4. 8.4 Average Pairwise Error Probability in Ricean Fading Channels
    5. 8.5 Perspectives on the Space-Time Code Design in Realistic Channels
    6. References
  20. Chapter 9. Space-Time Coding over Real-World MIMO Channels with No Transmit Channel Knowledge
    1. 9.1 Information Theory Motivated Design Methodology
    2. 9.2 Information Theory Motivated Code Design in Slow Fading Channels
    3. 9.3 Error Probability Motivated Design Methodology
    4. 9.4 Error Probability Motivated Code Design in Slow Fading Channels
    5. 9.5 ERROR PROBABILITY MOTIVATED CODE DESIGN IN FAST FADING CHANNELS
    6. References
  21. Chapter 10. Space-Time Coding with Partial Transmit Channel Knowledge
    1. Exploiting Channel Statistics at the Transmitter
    2. Exploiting a Limited Amount of Feedback at the Transmitter
    3. A General Framework
    4. 10.1 Introduction to Channel Statistics Based Precoding Techniques
    5. 10.2 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding
    6. 10.3 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Codes With Non-Identity Error Matrices
    7. 10.4 Channel Statistics Based Precoding for Spatial Multiplexing
    8. 10.5 Introduction to Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection Techniques
    9. 10.6 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Dominant Eigenmode Transmissions
    10. 10.7 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding
    11. 10.8 Quantized Precoding and Antenna Selection for Spatial Multiplexing
    12. 10.9 Information Theory Motivated Quantized Precoding
    13. References
  22. Chapter 11. Space-Time Coding for Frequency Selective Channels
    1. 11.1 Single-Carrier Vs. Multi-Carrier Transmissions
    2. 11.2 Information Theoretic Aspects For Frequency Selective Mimo Channels
    3. 11.3 Average Pairwise Error Probability
    4. 11.4 Code Design Criteria For Single-Carrier Transmissions In Rayleigh Fading Channels
    5. 11.5 Code Design Criteria For Space-Frequency Coded Mimo-Ofdm Transmissions In Rayleigh Fading Channels
    6. 11.6 On The Robustness Of Codes In Spatially Correlated Frequency Selective Channels
    7. References
  23. Chapter 12. Multi-User MIMO
    1. 12.1 System Model
    2. 12.2 Capacity of Multiple-Access Channels (MAC)
    3. 12.3 Capacity of Broadcast Channels (BC)
    4. 12.4 BC-MAC Duality
    5. 12.5 Multi-User Diversity, Resource Allocation and Scheduling
    6. 12.6 Sum-Rate Scaling Laws
    7. 12.7 Uplink Multi-User Mimo
    8. 12.8 Downlink Multi-user Mimo Precoding with Perfect Transmit Channel Knowlede
    9. 12.9 Downlink Multi-user Mimo Precoding with Partial Transmit Channel Knowledge
    10. References
  24. Chapter 13. Multi-Cell MIMO
    1. 13.1 Interference in Wireless Networks
    2. 13.2 System Model
    3. 13.3 Network Architecture
    4. 13.4 Capacity of Multi-Cell Mimo Channels
    5. 13.5 Multi-Cell Diversity and Resource Allocation
    6. 13.6 Coordinated Power Control
    7. 13.7 Coordinated Beamforming
    8. 13.8 Coordinated Scheduling, Beamforming and Power Control
    9. 13.9 Coding for Multi-Cell Coordination
    10. 13.10 Network MIMO
    11. References
  25. Chapter 14. MIMO in LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX
    1. 14.1 Design Targets and Key Technologies
    2. 14.2 Antenna and Network Deployments
    3. 14.3 Reference Signals
    4. 14.4 Single-User MIMO
    5. 14.5 Multi-User Mimo
    6. 14.6 Multi-Cell MIMO
    7. 14.7 Channel State Information (CSI) Feedback
    8. 14.8 Beyond lte-a: Massive Multi-Cell and Massive Multi-Antenna Networks
    9. References
  26. Chapter 15. MIMO-OFDMA System Level Evaluation
    1. 15.1 Single-User Mimo
    2. 15.2 Multi-User Mimo
    3. 15.3 User Dropping and Cell Clustering in Homogeneous Networks
    4. 15.4 Coordinated Scheduling and Beamforming in Homogeneous Networks
    5. 15.5 Coordinated Scheduling and Power Control in Heterogeneous Networks
    6. 15.6 Concluding Remarks
    7. References
  27. Appendix A. Useful Mathematical and Matrix Properties
    1. References
  28. Appendix B. Complex Gaussian Random Variables and Matrices
    1. B.1 Some Useful Probability Distributions
    2. B.2 Eigenvalues of Wishart Matrices
    3. References
  29. Appendix C. Antenna Coupling Model
    1. C.1 Minimum Scatterers W.R.T. Impedance Parameters
    2. C.2 Minimum Scatterers W.R.T. Admittance Parameters
    3. References
  30. Appendix D. Derivation of the Average Pairwise Error Probability
    1. D.1 Joint Space-Time Correlated Ricean Fading Channels
    2. D.2 Space Correlated Ricean Slow Fading Channels
    3. D.3 Joint Space-Time Correlated Ricean Block Fading Channels
    4. D.4 I.I.D. Rayleigh Slow and Fast Fading Channels
    5. References
  31. Bibliography
  32. Index