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Migrating to IPv6: A Practical Guide to Implementing IPv6 in Mobile and Fixed Networks

Book Description

Understand IPv6, the protocol essential to future Internet growth.

Exhaustion of address space and global routing table growth necessitate important revisions to the current version of the Internet Protocol, IPv4. IP version 6 offers greater address space and additional features to support the evolving requirements of Internet applications. Deployed alongside current IPv4 networks, IPv6 will restore the full-fledge network necessary for Internet growth.

Migrating to IPv6 gives a comprehensive overview of IPv6 and related protocols, the layers below IPv6 to the application and end-user layers. Author Marc Blanchet offers a direct and clear route to understanding the topic, taking a top-down approach and ordering topics by relevance. Tried and tested practical techniques and advice on implementation, applications and deployment provide 'how-to' information on everything you need to know to put the technology to work.

Migrating to IPv6:

  • Provides a complete, up-to-date, in-depth, and accessible practical guide to IPv6.

  • Demonstrates the theory with practical and generic examples and major implementation configurations, such as Windows, FreeBSD, Linux, Solaris, Cisco, Juniper and Hexago.

  • Provides a comprehensive reference to key data structures and packet formats.

  • Summarizes topics in table and graphical form to give fast access to information, including over 200 figures.

  • Offers an accompanying website with extra coverage of specific topics, information on additional protocols and specifications, and updates on new features.

This text will give network engineers, managers and operators, software engineers and IT professionals and analysts a thorough understanding of IPv6.

"The ebook version does not provide access to the companion files".

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. Preface
    1. Purpose of this Book
    2. Writing Style
    3. Audience
    4. Terminology
    5. Implementations
    6. Conventions used
    7. Comments and Errata
    8. Book Web Site
    9. Acknowledgments
  7. Foreword
  8. 1: IPv6 Rationale and Features
    1. Internet Growth
    2. Real Issues and Trouble with IPv4
    3. Architectural Considerations
    4. Paradigm Shift
    5. IETF Work Towards IPv6
    6. IPv6 Main Features
    7. IPv6 Milestones
    8. IPv6 Return on Investment
    9. What Happened to IPv5?
    10. Summary
    11. References
    12. Further Reading
  9. 2: I Can't Wait to Get my Hands Dirty!
    1. Setup Description
    2. Steps
    3. Summary
    4. References
    5. Further Reading
  10. 3: IPv6 Datagram
    1. Description of the IP Datagram
    2. IPv4 Header
    3. IPv6 Header
    4. Header Fields
    5. Extension Headers
    6. Datagram Size
    7. Upper-layer Protocols
    8. Summary
    9. References
  11. 4: Addressing
    1. Address Space
    2. Format of an Address
    3. Unicast Addresses
    4. Multicast Addressing
    5. Anycast
    6. Addressing Architecture
    7. Summary
    8. References
    9. Further Reading
  12. 5: Configuring Node Addresses
    1. Static Address Configuration
    2. Address Auto-Configuration
    3. Lifetime of Advertised Prefixes
    4. Node Booting Process
    5. DHCPv6
    6. Node Addresses
    7. Configuring Interfaces and Router Advertisements on Hosts and Routers
    8. Summary
    9. Appendix
    10. References
    11. Further Reading
  13. 6: Link-layer Integration
    1. Solicited-Node Multicast Address
    2. Neighbor Solicitation and Advertisement
    3. Duplicate Address Detection
    4. Neighbor Cache
    5. EUI-64 and Neighbor Discovery
    6. IPv6 over Ethernet
    7. Point-to-Point Links
    8. Multi-link Subnets
    9. Router Advertisements of the Link MTU
    10. Managing Neighbors on Hosts and Routers
    11. Summary
    12. References
    13. Further Reading
  14. 7: Internet Control Message Protocol
    1. ICMP
    2. Neighbor Discovery
    3. Hop Limit Set to 255
    4. Managing ICMP on Hosts and Routers
    5. Summary
    6. References
  15. 8: Naming with DNS and Selecting an Address
    1. Hostname To IPv6 Address with the AAAA Record
    2. IPv6 Address To Hostname
    3. Transport
    4. DNS Server Discovery
    5. Node Information Query
    6. IP Address Selection
    7. Configuring DNS and Address Selection on Hosts and Routers
    8. Summary
    9. References
    10. Further Reading
  16. 9: Routing
    1. Required Router Addresses
    2. Source Routing with the Routing Header
    3. Route Redirect
    4. Static Routes
    5. RIP
    6. OSPF
    7. IS-IS
    8. BGP
    9. Tunneling IPv6
    10. Renumbering Routers
    11. Internet Routing
    12. Multihoming
    13. Summary
    14. References
    15. Further Reading
  17. 10: Configuring Routing
    1. Considerations on Using Autoconfiguration for Router Interfaces
    2. FreeBSD
    3. Linux
    4. Solaris
    5. Windows
    6. Cisco
    7. Hexago
    8. Juniper
    9. Quagga
    10. Summary
    11. Further Reading
  18. 11: Mobility
    1. Overview
    2. MobileIP
    3. Applications are not Aware of Mobility
    4. Mobile Node is at Home
    5. Mobile Node is away from Home
    6. Mobile Node is Moving Again
    7. Mobile Node Comes Back Home
    8. Securing the Binding Update
    9. Correspondent Node is Not MobileIP Aware
    10. Advanced Features
    11. MobileIP Messaging
    12. Deployment Considerations
    13. Configuring Mobility
    14. Summary
    15. References
    16. Further Reading
  19. 12: Wireless IP
    1. Characteristics of Wireless Links
    2. Header Compression over Limited Bandwidth Link Layers
    3. TCP Behavior over Wireless
    4. 3GPP
    5. 3GPP2
    6. Summary
    7. References
    8. Further Reading
  20. 13: Security
    1. IP Security (IPsec)
    2. Secure Shell (SSH)
    3. Filtering and Firewalls
    4. Temporary Addresses
    5. More Secure Protocols
    6. Securing IPv6 on the Link
    7. Is IPv6 More Secure?
    8. Configuring Security on Hosts and Routers
    9. Summary
    10. References
  21. 14: Quality of Service
    1. IPv5: Streaming Protocol
    2. Diffserv
    3. Integrated Services
    4. Network Address Translation
    5. Hardware processing
    6. Configuring QoS on Hosts and Routers
    7. Summary
    8. References
  22. 15: Multicast and Anycast
    1. Multicast Basics
    2. Multicast Listener Discovery
    3. Multicast Routing
    4. Multicast Address Allocation
    5. Unicast based Multicast Addressing
    6. Allocation of Multicast Addresses
    7. Multicast Reserved Addresses
    8. Anycast
    9. Configuring Anycast and Multicast on Hosts and Routers
    10. Summary
    11. References
  23. 16: Deploying IPv6 in IPv4 Dominant Networks
    1. Combined IPv4 and IPv6 Network
    2. Tunneling IPv6 in IPv4
    3. Tunneling IPv6 in GRE-IPv4
    4. Comparing IPv6 in IPv4 Solutions
    5. Configuring IPv6 in IPv4 Dominant Networks
    6. Summary
    7. References
  24. 17: Deploying IPv6 Dominant Networks with IPv4 Support
    1. Tunneling IPv4 in IPv6
    2. IP Packet and Transport Translation
    3. Configuring IPv4 in IPv6 Dominant Networks
    4. Summary
    5. References
  25. 18: Migrating with Application Level Gateways
    1. Application Level Gateway
    2. Application Specific Proxy
    3. Considerations of Application Level Gateways
    4. Summary
  26. 19: Transport Protocols
    1. Checksum
    2. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
    3. User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
    4. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
    5. Summary
    6. References
  27. 20: Network Management
    1. SNMP Transport
    2. Management Information Base (MIB)
    3. Other Management Tools
    4. Authentication, Authorization and Accounting using RADIUS
    5. Configuring SNMP on Hosts and Routers
    6. Summary
    7. References
  28. 21: Porting Applications
    1. Introduction
    2. Considerations
    3. Structures
    4. Functions
    5. Change Table
    6. Best Practice
    7. Basic Example
    8. Summary
    9. References
    10. Further Reading
  29. 22: Configuration and Usage of IPv6-enabled Open Source Software
    1. Apache Web Server
    2. Sendmail
    3. Postfix
    4. SSH
    5. XFree86
    6. MRTG
    7. Dovecot
    8. Summary
    9. References
  30. 23: Best Current Practices and Case Studies
    1. IPv6 Internet Address space
    2. IPv6 Address Policy
    3. IPv6 Address Planning
    4. Incremental Deployment
    5. DNS Considerations
    6. Routing Considerations
    7. Security Considerations
    8. Mail Considerations
    9. Deploying IPv6 and Connecting to the IPv6 Internet
    10. Summary
    11. References
    12. Further Reading
  31. 24: Conclusion
  32. 25: Quick Reference
  33. Index