## With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

No credit card required

## Book Description

Microwave and Radar Engineering presents the essential features of microwave and radar engineering. It focuses on the needs of students who take up the subject at undergraduate and postgraduate levels of electronics and communications engineering courses. Spread across 17 chapters, the book begins with a discussion of wave equations and builds upon the topics step by step with ample illustrations and examples that delineate the concepts to the student's benefit. The book will also come in handy for aspirants of competitive examinations.

1. Cover
2. Title Page
3. Contents
4. Preface
5. About the Authors
6. Acknowledgements
7. List of Symbols
8. 1 Vector Analysis
1. 1.1 Introduction
2. 1.2 Scalar and Vector
3. 1.3 Vector Algebra
4. 1.4 Coordinate Systems
5. 1.5 Vector Calculus
6. Summary
7. Objective-type Questions
8. Answers to Objective-type Questions
9. Review Questions
9. 2 Review of Maxwell’s Equations and EM Wave Characteristics
1. 2.1 Introduction
2. 2.2 Faraday’s Law of Induction
3. 2.3 Transformer EMF
4. 2.4 Inconsistency of Ampere’s Law
5. 2.5 Displacement Current Density and Proof of Modified Ampere’s Law
6. 2.6 Maxwell’s Equations in Different Forms
7. 2.7 Maxwell’s Equations in Different Media
8. 2.8 Boundary Conditions at a Surface
9. 2.9 Wave Equation
10. 2.10 Uniform Plane Waves
11. 2.11 Wave Propagation
12. 2.12 Polarization
13. 2.13 Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem
14. Summary
15. Objective-type Questions
16. Answers to Objective-type Questions
17. Review Questions
10. 3 Review of Transmission Lines
1. 3.1 Introduction
2. 3.2 Lumped Versus Distributed Element Circuits
3. 3.3 Transmission Line Equations
4. 3.4 Primary and Secondary Constants
5. 3.5 Characteristic Impedence (Z0)
6. 3.6 Input Impedance Relations
7. 3.7 Reflection Coefficient of a Transmission Line
8. 3.8 Standing Wave Ratio
9. 3.9 Smith Chart
10. 3.10 Impedance Matching
11. Summary
12. Objective-type Questions
13. Answers to Objective-type Questions
14. Review Questions
11. 4 Introduction to Microwave Engineering
1. 4.1 Introduction
2. 4.2 History of Microwave Technology
3. 4.3 Microwave Spectrum and Bands
4. 4.4 Advantages of Microwaves
5. 4.5 Applications of Microwaves
6. Summary
7. Objective-type Questions
8. Answers to Objective-type Questions
9. Review Questions
12. 5 Waveguides
1. 5.1 Introduction
2. 5.2 Types of Waveguides
3. 5.3 Rectangular Waveguides
4. 5.4 Circular Waveguide
5. 5.5 Cavity Resonators
6. 5.6 Microstrip Lines
7. Summary
8. Objective-type Questions
9. Answers to Objective-Type Questions
10. Review Questions
13. 6 Waveguide Components
1. 6.1 Introduction
2. 6.2 Coupling Mechanisms
3. 6.3 Waveguide Discontinuities
4. 6.4 Waveguide Attenuators
5. 6.5 Waveguide Phase Shifters
6. 6.6 Waveguide Multiport Junctions
7. 6.7 Directional Couplers
8. 6.8 Ferrites
9. 6.9 Ferrite Components
10. 6.10 Waveguide Bends and Joints
11. Summary
12. Objective-type Questions
13. Answers to Objective-type Questions
14. Review Questions
14. 7 Scattering Matrix for Waveguide Components
15. 7.4 Properties of a Scattering Matrix
1. 7.5 Scattering Matrix Calculations for 3-port Junction
2. 7.6 Scattering Matrix Calculations for 4-port Junction
3. 7.7 Scattering Matrix Calculations for Ferrite Components
4. 7.8 Characterizing the Network Using Z, Y, h and ABCD Parameters
5. Summary
6. Objective-type Questions
7. Answers To Objective-Type Questions
8. Review Questions
16. 8 Microwave Tubes
1. 8.1 Introduction
2. 8.2 Limitations of Conventional Tubes at Microwave Frequencies
3. 8.3 Re-entrant Cavities
4. 8.4 Classification of Microwave Tubes
5. 8.5 Linear Beam (O Type) Tubes
6. 8.6 Two-cavity Klystron Amplifier
7. 8.7 Multi-cavity Klystron
8. 8.8 Reflex Klystron
9. 8.9 Traveling-wave Tube
10. 8.10 Backward-wave Oscillators
11. 8.11 M-Type Tubes
12. 8.12 Magnetrons
13. 8.13 Crossed-field Amplifiers
14. Summary
15. Objective-type Questions
16. Answers to Objective-type Questions
17. Review Questions
17. 9 Microwave Solid-state Devices
1. 9.1 Introduction
2. 9.2 Negative Resistance Phenomenon
3. 9.3 Classification of Solid-state Devices
4. 9.4 Applications of Solid-state Devices
5. 9.5 Transferred Electron Devices (TEDs)
6. 9.6 Gunn Diode
7. 9.7 Tunnel Diodes
8. 9.8 Avalanche Transit Time Devices
9. 9.9 IMPATT Diode
10. 9.10 TRAPATT Diode
11. 9.11 BARITT Diode
12. 9.12 PIN Diode
13. 9.13 Schottky Diode
14. 9.14 Varactor Diode
15. 9.15 Parametric Amplifiers
16. 9.16 Step-recovery Diode
17. 9.17 Crystal Diode
18. 9.18 Microwave BJTs
19. 9.19 Microwave FETs
20. Summary
21. Objective-type Questions
22. Answers to Objective-type Questions
23. Review Questions
18. 10 Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits
1. 10.1 Introduction
2. 10.2 Microwave Integrated Circuits (MICs)
3. 10.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of MMICs
4. 10.4 Comparison of MMICs with hmics
5. 10.5 Applications of MMICs
6. 10.6 Materials used for MMICs
7. 10.7 Growth of MMICs
8. 10.8 MOSFET Fabrication
9. 10.8.1 MOSFET Formation
10. 10.9 Thin-film Formation
11. 10.9.1 Planar Resistor Films
12. Summary
13. Objective-type Questions
14. Answers to Objective-type Questions
15. Review Questions
19. 11 Microwave Measurements
1. 11.1 Introduction
2. 11.2 Description of Microwave Bench
3. 11.3 Microwave Power Measurement
4. 11.4 Microwave Attenuation Measurement
5. 11.5 Microwave Frequency Measurements
6. 11.6 Microwave VSWR Measurement
7. 11.7 Measurement of Q of a Cavity Resonator
8. 11.8 Impedance Measurement
9. Solved Problems
10. Summary
11. Objective-type Questions
12. Answers to Objective-type Questions
13. Review Questions
20. 12 Introduction to Radars
1. 12.1 Introduction
2. 12.2 History of Radars, Frequencies, and Applications of Radars
3. 12.3 Classification of Radars
4. 12.4 Basic Radars
5. 12.5 Radar Block Diagram
6. 12.6 Pulse Radar Characteristics
8. Summary
9. Objective-type Questions
10. Answers to Objective-type Questions
11. Review Questions
22. 14 MTI and Pulse Doppler Radars
1. 14.1 Introduction
2. 14.2 Introduction to Pulse, MTI, and Pulse Doppler Radars
3. 14.3 MTI Radars
4. 14.4 Delay Line Cancellers or Pulse Cancellers
5. 14.5 Staggered PRFs to Increase Blind Speed
6. 14.6 Double Delay Line Canceller
7. 14.7 MTI Radar Performance Analysis
8. 14.8 Types of MTI radars
9. 14.9 Pulse Doppler Radars
10. 14.10 Moving Target Detector (MTD)
11. Summary
12. Objective-type Questions
13. Answers to Objective-type Questions
14. Review Questions
23. 15 Tracking Radars
1. 15.1 Introduction ?
2. 15.2 Search and Tracking Radar System
3. 15.3 Various Scanning and Tracking Techniques
4. 15.4 Range Tracking
5. 15.5 Angle Tracking
6. 15.7 Frequency Agility
7. 15.8 Track While Scan (TWS)
8. 15.9 Phased Array Radars
9. 15.10 Radar Displays
10. Summary
11. Objective-type Questions
12. Answers to Objective-type Questions
13. Review Questions
24. 16 Detection of Signals in Noise and Radar Receivers
1. 16.1 Introduction
2. 16.2 Matched-Filter Receiver
3. 16.3 Correlation Detection
4. 16.4 Detection Criteria
5. 16.5 Automatic Detection
6. 16.6 Minimal Detectable Signal in the Presence of Receiver Noise
7. 16.7 Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) Receiver
8. 16.8 Detectors
9. 16.9 Various Noise Components
10. 16.10 Duplexer
11. 16.11 Introduction to Phased Array Antennas
12. 16.12 Parallel- and Serial-Feed Array
13. 16.13 Radiation Pattern of Phased Array Antennas
14. 16.14 Beamwidth
15. 16.15 Beam Steering
16. 16.16 Applications of Phased Array Antennas
17. 16.17 Advantages and Disadvantages of Phased Array Antennas
18. Summary
19. Objective-Type Questions
20. Answers to Objective Type Questions
21. Review Questions
25. 17 Microwave Experiments
26. Appendix A Glossary of Terms
27. Appendix B The Decibel [dB]
28. Appendix C Doppler Frequency Shift
29. Appendix D Physical Constants, Factors for Converting Measurements, and Measurement Unit Prefixes
30. Appendix E Manley-Rowe Relations
31. Abbreviations
32. Bibliography