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Microwave and Millimeter Wave Circuits and Systems: Emerging Design, Technologies and Applications, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Microwave and Millimeter Wave Circuits and Systems: Emerging Design, Technologies and Applications provides a wide spectrum of current trends in the design of microwave and millimeter circuits and systems. In addition, the book identifies the state-of-the art challenges in microwave and millimeter wave circuits systems design such as behavioral modeling of circuit components, software radio and digitally enhanced front-ends, new and promising technologies such as substrate-integrated-waveguide (SIW) and wearable electronic systems, and emerging applications such as tracking of moving targets using ultra-wideband radar, and new generation satellite navigation systems. Each chapter treats a selected problem and challenge within the field of Microwave and Millimeter wave circuits, and contains case studies and examples where appropriate.

Key Features:

  • Discusses modeling and design strategies for new appealing applications in the domain of microwave and millimeter wave circuits and systems

  • Written by experts active in the Microwave and Millimeter Wave frequency range (industry and academia)

  • Addresses modeling/design/applications both from the circuit as from the system perspective

  • Covers the latest innovations in the respective fields

  • Each chapter treats a selected problem and challenge within the field of Microwave and Millimeter wave circuits, and contains case studies and examples where appropriate

This book serves as an excellent reference for engineers, researchers, research project managers and engineers working in R&D, professors, and post-graduates studying related courses. It will also be of interest to professionals working in product development and PhD students.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. About the Editors
  5. About the Authors
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
    17. Chapter 17
  6. Preface
  7. List of Abbreviations
  8. List of Symbols
  9. Part I: Design and Modeling Trends
    1. Chapter 1: Low Coefficient Accurate Nonlinear Microwave and Millimeter Wave Nonlinear Transmitter Power Amplifier Behavioural Models
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. Acknowledgements
      3. References
    2. Chapter 2: Artificial Neural Network in Microwave Cavity Filter Tuning
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Artificial Neural Networks Filter Tuning
      3. 2.3 Practical Implementation – Tuning Experiments
      4. 2.4 Influence of the Filter Characteristic Domain on Algorithm Efficiency
      5. 2.5 Robots in the Microwave Filter Tuning
      6. 2.6 Conclusions
      7. Acknowledgement
      8. References
    3. Chapter 3: Wideband Directive Antennas with High Impedance Surfaces
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 High Impedance Surfaces (HIS) Used as an Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC) for Antenna Applications
      3. 3.3 Wideband Directive Antenna Using AMC with a Lumped Element
      4. 3.4 Wideband Directive Antenna Using a Hybrid AMC
      5. 3.5 Conclusion
      6. Acknowledgments
      7. References
    4. Chapter 4: Characterization of Software-Defined and Cognitive Radio Front-Ends for Multimode Operation
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Multiband Multimode Receiver Architectures
      3. 4.3 Wideband Nonlinear Behavioral Modeling
      4. 4.4 Model Validation with a QPSK Signal
      5. References
    5. Chapter 5: Impact and Digital Suppression of Oscillator Phase Noise in Radio Communications
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Phase Noise Modelling
      3. 5.3 OFDM Radio Link Modelling and Performance under Phase Noise
      4. 5.4 Digital Phase Noise Suppression
      5. 5.5 Conclusions
      6. Acknowledgements
      7. References
    6. Chapter 6: A Pragmatic Approach to Cooperative Positioning in Wireless Sensor Networks
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
      3. 6.3 Cooperative Positioning
      4. 6.4 RSS-Based Cooperative Positioning
      5. 6.5 Node Selection
      6. 6.6 Numerical Results
      7. 6.7 Experimental Results
      8. 6.8 Conclusions
      9. References
    7. Chapter 7: Modelling of Substrate Noise and Mitigation Schemes for UWB Systems1
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Impact Evaluation of Substrate Noise
      3. 7.3 Analytical Modelling of Switching Noise in Lightly Doped Substrate
      4. 7.4 Substrate Noise Suppression and Isolation for UWB Systems
      5. 7.5 Summary
      6. References
  10. Part II: Applications
    1. Chapter 8: Short-Range Tracking of Moving Targets by a Handheld UWB Radar System
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Handheld UWB Radar System
      3. 8.3 UWB Radar Signal Processing
      4. 8.4 Short-Range Tracking Illustration
      5. 8.5 Conclusions
      6. Acknowledgement
      7. References
    2. Chapter 9: Advances in the Theory and Implementation of GNSS Antenna Array Receivers
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 GNSS: Satellite-Based Navigation Systems
      3. 9.3 Challenges in the Acquisition and Tracking of GNSS Signals
      4. 9.4 Design of Antenna Arrays for GNSS
      5. 9.5 Receiver Implementation Trade-Offs
      6. 9.6 Practical Examples of Experimentation Systems
      7. References
    3. Chapter 10: Multiband RF Front-Ends for Radar and Communications Applications
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Minimum Sub-Nyquist Sampling
      3. 10.3 Simulation Results
      4. 10.4 Design of Signal-Interference Multiband Bandpass Filters
      5. 10.5 Building and Testing of Direct-Sampling RF Front-Ends
      6. 10.6 Conclusions
      7. References
    4. Chapter 11: Mm-Wave Broadband Wireless Systems and Enabling MMIC Technologies
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 V-Band Standards and Applications
      3. 11.3 V-Band System Architectures
      4. 11.4 SiGeV-Band MMIC
      5. 11.5 Outlook
      6. References
    5. Chapter 12: Reconfigurable RF Circuits and RF-MEMS
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Reconfigurable RF Circuits – Transistor-Based Solutions
      3. 12.3 Reconfigurable RF Circuits Using RF-MEMS
      4. 12.4 Conclusions
      5. References
    6. Chapter 13: MIOS: Millimeter Wave Radiometers for the Space-Based Observation of the Sun
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Scientific Background
      3. 13.3 Quiet-Sun Spectral Flux Density
      4. 13.4 Radiation Mechanism in Flares
      5. 13.5 Open Problems
      6. 13.6 Solar Flares Spectral Flux Density
      7. 13.7 Solar Flares Peak Flux Distribution
      8. 13.8 Atmospheric Variability
      9. 13.9 Ionospheric Variability
      10. 13.10 Antenna Design
      11. 13.11 Antenna Noise Temperature
      12. 13.12 Antenna Pointing and Radiometric Background
      13. 13.13 Instrument Resolution
      14. 13.14 System Overview
      15. 13.15 System Design
      16. 13.16 Calibration Circuitry
      17. 13.17 Retrieval Equations
      18. 13.18 Periodicity of the Calibrations
      19. 13.19 Conclusions
      20. References
    7. Chapter 14: Active Antennas in Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) Technology
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Substrate Integrated Waveguide Technology
      3. 14.3 Passive SIW Cavity-Backed Antennas
      4. 14.4 SIW Cavity-Backed Antenna Oscillators
      5. 14.5 SIW-Based Coupled Oscillator Arrays
      6. 14.6 Conclusions
      7. References
    8. Chapter 15: Active Wearable Antenna Modules
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Electromagnetic Characterization of Fabrics and Flexible Foam Materials
      3. 15.3 Active Antenna Modules for Wearable Textile Systems
      4. 15.4 Conclusions
      5. References
    9. Chapter 16: Novel Wearable Sensors for Body Area Network Applications
      1. 16.1 Body Area Networks
      2. 16.2 Design of a 2-D Array Free Access Mat
      3. 16.3 Textile-Based Free Access Mat: Flexible Interface for Body-Centric Wireless Communications
      4. 16.4 Proposed WBAN Application
      5. 16.5 Summary
      6. Acknowledgment
      7. References
    10. Chapter 17: Wideband Antennas for Wireless Technologies: Trends and Applications
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 Wideband Antennas
      3. 17.3 Antenna Measurements
      4. 17.4 Antenna Trends and Applications
      5. Acknowledgements
      6. References
    11. Chapter 18: Concluding Remarks
  11. Index