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Methodologies for Effective Writing Instruction in EFL and ESL Classrooms

Book Description

Educators continue to strive for advanced teaching methods to bridge the gap between native and non-native English speaking students. Lessons on written forms of communication continue to be a challenge recognized by educators who wish to improve student comprehension and overall ability to write clearly and expressively. Methodologies for Effective Writing Instruction in EFL and ESL Classrooms brings together research and practices for successful written communication teaching among students of diverse linguistic backgrounds. With technological advancements and resources, educators are able to implement new tools into their lesson plans for the benefit of their students. This publication is an essential reference source for professionals, educators, and researchers interested in techniques and practices for written communication in English language teaching geared towards non-native English speaking students.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
    1. Writing in ESL/EFL: Surmountable Challenges?
    2. REFERENCES
  7. Introduction
    1. WRITING: HISTORICAL SOPHISTICATION AND COMPLEXITY
    2. REFERENCES
  8. Section 1: Teaching EFL/ESL Writing: Cultural Influences
    1. Chapter 1: Explicit Instruction in Western Cultures in the English-Language Writing Classrooms of the Arab Gulf
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WESTERN CULTURAL NORMS AND ENGLISH-MEDIUM EDUCATION IN THE ARAB GULF
      4. DISCOURSE STRUCTURES IN ARABIC AND ENGLISH ACADEMIC WRITING
      5. EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION IN WESTERN CULTURES IN ARAB GULF WRITING CLASSROOMS: DIRECTIONS FROM RESEARCH
      6. CONCLUSION: CULTURALLY-RELEVANT WRITING INSTRUCTION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Contextual Influences on Teachers' Writing Instruction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OUR IDENTITY AS A WRITER IN DIFFERENT SOCIOCULTURAL CONTEXTS
      4. OUR SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT OF TEACHING
      5. CHALLENGES FACED IN TEACHING WRITING
      6. HOW CONTEXTUAL FACTORS INFLUENCE TEACHERS’ WRITING INSTRUCTION
      7. IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING WRITING IN THE EFL/ESL CONTEXT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Second Language Acquisition and the Impact of First Language Writing Orientation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. STUDY SCOPE
      5. FOCUS OF THE RESEARCH
      6. RESEARCH RATIONALE
      7. RESEARCH DESIGN
      8. ANALYSIS OF INTERVENTION RESULTS
      9. INFERENCES, CONCLUSIONS AND LIMITATIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX A
      13. APPENDIX B
    4. Chapter 4: Contradictory Genres
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RHETORICAL PATTERNS IN ENGLISH FOR GENERAL ACADEMIC PURPOSES
      4. RHETORICAL PATTERNS IN ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC ACADEMIC PURPOSES
      5. LAB REPORTS: COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND MARINE SCIENCES (CAMS)
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 2: ESL/EFL Writing Approaches
    1. Chapter 5: A Reflective Overview of a Process Approach to Writing in Generation 1.5 ESL Classrooms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISCUSSION OF REFLECTIVE PRACTICE
      4. DISCUSSION, LIMITATIONS, AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. ENDNOTES
      9. APPENDIX A
      10. APPENDIX B
      11. APPENDIX C
      12. APPENDIX D
      13. APPENDIX E
      14. APPENDIX F
      15. APPENDIX G
    2. Chapter 6: Process vs. Product
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. TEACHING WRITING IN OMAN AND THE ARAB WORLD
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 7: How Blending Process and Product Approaches to Teaching Writing Helps EFL Learners
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WRITING SKILLS IN ESL/EFL
      4. PURPOSES OF WRITING
      5. APPROACHES TO TEACHING WRITING
      6. THE PURPOSE OF THIS CHAPTER
      7. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE FOUNDATION PROGRAM AT DHOFAR UNIVERSITY
      8. RESEARCH TOOL AND METHOD
      9. FINDINGS
      10. DISCUSSION
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. APPENDIX A
      15. APPENDIX B
      16. APPENDIX C
      17. APPENDIX D
      18. APPENDIX E
      19. APPENDIX F
    4. Chapter 8: Teaching and Learning to Write
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TASK-BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING: AN APPROACH
      4. A FRAMEWORK FOR TBLT: THREE STAGE PROCESS
      5. TASK- BASED TEACHING AND LEARNING: SOME ISSUES
      6. TURNING TEXT READING INTO A TASK
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
  10. Section 3: Pathways towards Success in ESL/EFL Writing
    1. Chapter 9: Teaching Critical Thinking and Academic Writing Skills to Japanese University EFL Learners
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PURPOSE OF THE PRESENT STUDY
      5. METHODS
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION AND PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
      8. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX A
      13. APPENDIX B
    2. Chapter 10: Pathways towards Success for Novice Academic Writers in a CLIL Setting
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE GROWTH OF ENGLISH-MEDIUM PREPARATORY COURSES
      3. AN OVERVIEW OF OUR STUDY
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. DATA COLLECTION
      7. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 11: Investigating Scaffolding Writing Instruction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODS
      5. SCAFFOLDING IS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD TO TEACH OR RETEACH ELLS ESSAY STRUCTURE
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX A
      10. APPENDIX B
      11. APPENDIX C
      12. APPENDIX D
    4. Chapter 12: To Whom Do We Write?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORY AND RESEARCH ON AUDIENCE AWARENESS
      4. THIS STUDY
      5. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      6. WHAT SHOULD STUDENTS KNOW ABOUT AUDIENCE?
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 13: Don't Get It Right, Just Get It Written
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ROLE OF FEEDBACK IN ESL/EFL WRITING
      4. FEATURES OF EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK
      5. FORMS OF FEEDBACK
      6. HOW FEEDBACK IS DELIVERED
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 14: A Case for Peer Review Inclusion in Writing Assessment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODS
      5. STUDY DESIGN
      6. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
      7. CONCLUSION AND LIMITATIONS
      8. RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A
      12. APPENDIX B
    7. Chapter 15: The Role of Online Tools in Promoting EFL Writing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: WRITING INSTRUCTION IN ONLINE CONTEXTS
      3. ONLINE SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
      4. ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
      5. DOWNSIDES OF ONLINE WRITING
      6. GUIDELINES FOR TEACHING WRITING ONLINE
      7. PROCESS WRITING AND ONLINE COMMUNICATION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 4: Error Correction, Assessment, and Evaluation
    1. Chapter 16: Correct Writing and Spelling in the ESL Classroom
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
      4. METHODOLOGY AND SUBJECTS
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. PLACE OF WRITING IN LANGUAGE LEARNING
      7. ENGLISH SPELLING TODAY
      8. SPELLING AS AN IMPORTANT ELEMENT IN WRITING
      9. TEACHING SPELLING AND GRAMMAR
      10. FACTORS INFLUENCING WRITING IN ESL
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. APPENDIX A
      15. APPENDIX B
      16. APPENDIX C
    2. Chapter 17: Omani Undergraduate Students' Writing Errors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFLECTION
      4. WRITING AND ERRORS
      5. THE STUDY
      6. TYPES AND SOURCES OF ERRORS
      7. FUTURE ACTION PLAN
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 18: Awareness of Plagiarism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: PLAGIARISM: A PREVALENT PROBLEM IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS WORLDWIDE
      3. PLAGIARISM, DEFINITION, CAUSES, AND SOLUTIONS
      4. OMANI ENGLISH FOUNDATION STUDENTS AND PLAGIARISM
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. FINDINGS
      7. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
      8. CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATION, AND IMPLICATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A: STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE
      12. APPENDIX B: TEACHERS’ QUESTIONNAIRE
    4. Chapter 19: Writing Assessment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A
      12. APPENDIX B
    5. Chapter 20: An Evaluation of Sohar University GFP Students' Performance in Writing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SITUATION OF ENGLISH IN OMAN
      4. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
      5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      6. METHOD
      7. PARTICIPANTS
      8. SAMPLE
      9. PROCEDURES
      10. FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
      11. DISCUSSION OF THE MAJOR FINDINGS
      12. HOW TO RAISE THE STUDENTS’ WRITING LEVEL
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      16. APPENDIX 1
      17. APPENDIX 2
      18. APPENDIX 3
      19. APPENDIX 4
      20. APPENDIX 5
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors