M.A. Zenati and M. Mahvash, Harvard Medical School, USA
The evolving role of cardiac surgeons and cardiologists in performing cardiovascular interventions is examined and available commercial robots and proposed novel snake-like robots and robotic catheters for cardiovascular interventions are described.
minimally invasive surgery
The use of robotic systems for cardiovascular intervention is growing. There are several major heart conditions that require complex interventions and, unlike in the past, a growing number of interventions today can be performed by both cardiologist and cardiac surgeons ...