You are previewing Medical Robotics.
O'Reilly logo
Medical Robotics

Book Description

Advances in research have led to the use of robotics in a range of surgical applications. Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of this enabling technology.

Beginning with an introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the core technologies of the field are discussed, including localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics. Key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics are considered, as well as applications for ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, vitreoretinal surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Microscale mobile robots for the circulatory system and mesoscale robots for the gastrointestinal tract are investigated, as is MRI-based navigation for in vivo magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of ethical issues related to the use of robotics in surgery.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery is a comprehensive guide for all those working in the research, design, development and application of medical robotics for surgery. It also provides an authoritative introduction for academics and medical practitioners working in this field.

  • Provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of medical robotics
  • Introduces robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), including the core technologies of the field and localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics
  • Considers key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Dedication
  7. Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials
  8. Introduction
  9. Chapter 1: Introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS)
    1. Abstract:
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Minimally invasive surgery and robotic integration
    4. 1.3 Definitions and development of surgical robotic systems
    5. 1.4 Perceptual docking for synergistic control
    6. 1.5 Conclusions and future trends
  10. Chapter 2: Localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics
    1. Abstract:
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Requirements for position sensors
    4. 2.3 Dynamic referencing
    5. 2.4 Types of position sensors
    6. 2.5 Future trends
    7. Conclusion
  11. Chapter 3: Robotics for neurosurgery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 3.1 Introduction to neurosurgical progression
    3. 3.2 The evolution of neurosurgical robots
    4. 3.3 Maintaining operator control
    5. 3.4 Human–machine interface (HMI)
    6. 3.5 Future trends: informatic surgery
    7. 3.6 Conclusion
    8. 3.7 Acknowledgments
  12. Chapter 4: Robotic systems for cardiovascular interventions
    1. Abstract:
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Heart conditions and the evolving role of cardiac surgeons and cardiologists
    4. 4.3 Surgical robot requirements and availability for cardiovascular interventions
    5. 4.4 Proposed novel robots for cardiovascular interventions
    6. 4.5 Future trends
    7. 4.6 Sources of further information and advice
  13. Chapter 5: Robotics in orthopaedic surgery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Existing orthopaedic robotic systems
    4. 5.3 Evaluation of impact of orthopaedic surgical robots
    5. 5.4 Conclusion
  14. Chapter 6: Robotic-assisted knee replacement surgery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Apex robotic technology (ART)
    4. 6.3 Clinical experience
    5. 6.4 Conclusions and future trends
    6. 6.5 Acknowledgments
  15. Chapter 7: Robotics in ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Telemanipulators in ENT
    4. 7.3 Image-guided interventions
    5. 7.4 Computer numerical control (CNC)
    6. 7.5 Conclusions
  16. Chapter 8: Robot-assisted vitreoretinal surgery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Requirements for vitreoretinal surgery
    4. 8.3 Master console
    5. 8.4 Slave robot
    6. 8.5 Results
    7. 8.6 Conclusions and future trends
    8. 8.7 Acknowledgments
  17. Chapter 9: Robotics for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)
    1. Abstract:
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Minimally invasive surgery (MIS)
    4. 9.3 Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)
    5. 9.4 Future trends and conclusions
  18. Chapter 10: Mesoscale mobile robots for gastrointestinal minimally invasive surgery (MIS)
    1. Abstract:
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Commercial gastrointestinal wireless capsule endoscopes
    4. 10.3 Robotic capsule modules
    5. 10.4 Future trends in mobile surgical devices
    6. 10.5 Conclusion
  19. Chapter 11: Real-time software platform using MRI for in vivo navigation of magnetic microrobots
    1. Abstract:
    2. 11.1 Introduction
    3. 11.2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) navigation
    4. 11.3 Microrobot navigation
    5. 11.4 Conclusions and future trends
    6. 11.5 Sources of further information and advice
  20. Chapter 12: Robotic surgery and ethical challenges
    1. Abstract:
    2. 12.1 Introduction
    3. 12.2 Types of robotic surgery
    4. 12.3 The patient experience of robotic surgery
    5. 12.4 The marketing of robotic surgery
    6. 12.5 Comparing robotic surgery with other types of surgery
    7. 12.6 The need for training
    8. 12.7 Costs versus benefits
    9. 12.8 Ethical issues relating to remotely operated surgery
    10. 12.9 The automated hospital
    11. 12.10 Conclusions
  21. Index