IDENTIFICATION AND RHEOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF REAL SOLIDS
L’ expérience (d’un Laboratoire), c’est l’ensemble des erreurs qu’on ne recommencera plus.
Continuum mechanics and thermodynamics (Chapter 2) constitute the basic theoretical tools for the formulation of the physical phenomena of deformation and fracture. For fundamental and practical reasons, we model each broad class of phenomena separately. The aim of this chapter is to differentiate from a qualitative point of view and identify the most common types of material behaviour. The phenomenological method used is based on observed experimental results. We, therefore, present some basic elements on the types of tests, the machines and the modern measurement techniques likely to be used. ...